Papers (229)

#Title
Citations
1.Ethereum: a secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger Wood, Gavin. 2014
5206
2.Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things Christidis, Konstantinos and Devetsikiotis, Michael. 2016
3588
3.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014
2696
4.Hyperledger fabric: a distributed operating system for permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Barger, Artem and Bortnikov, Vita and Cachin, Christian and Christidis, Konstantinos and De Caro, Angelo and Enyeart, David and Ferris, Christopher and Laventman, Gennady and Manevich, Yacov and Muralidharan, Srinivasan and Murthy, Chet and Nguyen, Binh and Sethi, Manish and Singh, Gari and Smith, Keith and Sorniotti, Alessandro and Stathakopoulou, Chrysoula and Vukolić, Marko and Weed Cocco, Sharon and Yellick, Jason. 2018
2592
5.Hawk: The blockchain model of cryptography and privacy-preserving smart contracts Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine and Wen, Zikai and Papamanthou, Charalampos. 2016
2170
6.Formalizing and securing relationships on public networks Szabo, Nick. 1997
1795
7.Making smart contracts smarter Luu, Loi and Chu, Duc-Hiep and Olickel, Hrishi and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2016
1538
8.A survey of attacks on ethereum smart contracts (sok) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2017
1258
9.Step by step towards creating a safe smart contract: Lessons and insights from a cryptocurrency lab Delmolino, Kevin and Arnett, Mitchell and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine. 2016
586
10.Formal verification of smart contracts: Short paper Bhargavan, Karthikeyan and Delignat-Lavaud, Antoine and Fournet, C\'edric and Gollamudi, Anitha and Gonthier, Georges and Kobeissi, Nadim and Kulatova, Natalia and Rastogi, Aseem and Sibut-Pinote, Thomas and Swamy, Nikhil and others. 2016
550
11.Town crier: An authenticated data feed for smart contracts Zhang, Fan and Cecchetti, Ethan and Croman, Kyle and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
524
12.Securify: Practical security analysis of smart contracts Tsankov, Petar and Dan, Andrei and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Gervais, Arthur and Buenzli, Florian and Vechev, Martin. 2018
481
13.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
449
14.Zeus: Analyzing safety of smart contracts Kalra, Sukrit and Goel, Seep and Dhawan, Mohan and Sharma, Subodh. 2018
436
15.Finding The Greedy, Prodigal, and Suicidal Contracts at Scale Nikolic, Ivica and Kolluri, Aashish and Sergey, Ilya and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
400
16.Smartcheck: Static analysis of ethereum smart contracts Tikhomirov, Sergei and Voskresenskaya, Ekaterina and Ivanitskiy, Ivan and Takhaviev, Ramil and Marchenko, Evgeny and Alexandrov, Yaroslav. 2018
328
17.Ekiden: A Platform for Confidentiality-Preserving, Trustworthy, and Performant Smart Contracts Cheng, Raymond and Zhang, Fan and Kos, Jernej and He, Warren and Hynes, Nicholas and Johnson, Noah and Juels, Ari and Miller, Andrew and Song, Dawn. 2019
294
18.Under-optimized smart contracts devour your money Chen, Ting and Li, Xiaoqi and Luo, Xiapu and Zhang, Xiaosong. 2017
281
19.ContractFuzzer: fuzzing smart contracts for vulnerability detection Jiang, Bo and Liu, Ye and Chan, WK. 2018
269
20.Defining the ethereum virtual machine for interactive theorem provers Hirai, Yoichi. 2017
265
21.A Semantic Framework for the Security Analysis of Ethereum smart contracts Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
247
22.Madmax: Surviving out-of-gas conditions in ethereum smart contracts Grech, Neville and Kong, Michael and Jurisevic, Anton and Brent, Lexi and Scholz, Bernhard and Smaragdakis, Yannis. 2018
243
23.Smart contracts: security patterns in the ethereum ecosystem and solidity Wohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2018
239
24.Towards Verifying Ethereum Smart Contract Bytecode in Isabelle/HOL Amani, Sidney and B\'egel, Myriam and Bortin, Maksym and Staples, Mark. 2018
211
25.teether: Gnawing at ethereum to automatically exploit smart contracts Krupp, Johannes and Rossow, Christian. 2018
189
26.SCPKI: A smart contract-based PKI and identity system Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2017
181
27.Designing secure Ethereum smart contracts: A finite state machine based approach Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron. 2017
173
28.Vandal: A scalable security analysis framework for smart contracts Brent, Lexi and Jurisevic, Anton and Kong, Michael and Liu, Eric and Gauthier, Francois and Gramoli, Vincent and Holz, Ralph and Scholz, Bernhard. 2018
173
29.Arbitrum: scalable, private smart contracts Kalodner, Harry and Goldfeder, Steven and Chen, Xiaoqi and Weinberg, S Matthew and Felten, Edward W. 2018
162
30.Zether: Towards Privacy in a Smart Contract World. B\"unz, Benedikt and Agrawal, Shashank and Zamani, Mahdi and Boneh, Dan. 2019
156
31.Online detection of effectively callback free objects with applications to smart contracts Grossman, Shelly and Abraham, Ittai and Golan-Gueta, Guy and Michalevsky, Yan and Rinetzky, Noam and Sagiv, Mooly and Zohar, Yoni. 2017
156
32.Osiris: Hunting for integer bugs in ethereum smart contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Sch\"utte, Julian and others. 2018
139
33.A scalable verification solution for blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Reitwie\ssner, Christian. 2017
136
34.Slither: a static analysis framework for smart contracts Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Groce, Alex. 2019
133
35.FairSwap: How to fairly exchange digital goods Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian. 2018
128
36.VerX: Safety Verification of Smart Contracts Permenev, Anton and Dimitrov, Dimitar and Tsankov, Petar and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Vechev, Martin. 2019
119
37.Empirical Vulnerability Analysis of Automated Smart Contracts Security Testing on Blockchains Parizi, Reza M and Dehghantanha, Ali and Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond and Singh, Amritraj. 2018
113
38.Sereum: Protecting Existing Smart Contracts Against Re-Entrancy Attacks Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2018
113
39.Flash Boys 2.0: Frontrunning, Transaction Reordering, and Consensus Instability in Decentralized Exchanges Daian, Philip and Goldfeder, Steven and Kell, Tyler and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Bentov, Iddo and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Juels, Ari. 2019
112
40.A concurrent perspective on smart contracts Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas. 2017
111
41.Manticore: A User-Friendly Symbolic Execution Framework for Binaries and Smart Contracts Mossberg, Mark and Manzano, Felipe and Hennenfent, Eric and Groce, Alex and Grieco, Gustavo and Feist, Josselin and Brunson, Trent and Dinaburg, Artem. 2019
109
42.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
105
43.Formal verification of smart contracts based on users and blockchain behaviors models Abdellatif, Tesnim and Brousmiche, Kei-L\'eo. 2018
105
44.A survey of tools for analyzing ethereum smart contracts Di Angelo, Monika and Salzer, Gernot. 2019
100
45.Setting standards for altering and undoing smart contracts Marino, Bill and Juels, Ari. 2016
97
46.Scilla: a Smart Contract Intermediate-Level LAnguage Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
93
47.Zexe: Enabling decentralized private computation Bowe, S and Chiesa, A and Green, M and Miers, I and Mishra, P and Wu, H. 2018
92
48.The Art of The Scam: Demystifying Honeypots in Ethereum Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Steichen, Mathis. 2019
91
49.Simplicity: A new language for blockchains O'Connor, Russell. 2017
90
50.KEVM: A Complete Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine Hildenbrandt, Everett and Saxena, Manasvi and Zhu, Xiaoran and Rodrigues, Nishant and Daian, Philip and Guth, Dwight and Rosu, Grigore. 2017
86
51.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Eskandari, Shayan and Moosavi, Seyedehmahsa and Clark, Jeremy. 2019
85
52.A formal verification tool for Ethereum VM Bytecode Park, Daejun and Zhang, Yi and Saxena, Manasvi and Daian, Philip and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2018
82
53.EthIR: A Framework for High-Level Analysis of Ethereum Bytecode Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Livshits, Benjamin and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
80
54.Erays: Reverse engineering ethereum’s opaque smart contracts Zhou, Yi and Kumar, Deepak and Bakshi, Surya and Mason, Joshua and Miller, Andrew and Bailey, Michael. 2018
79
55.0x: An open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain Warren, Will and Bandeali, Amir. 2017
79
56.VeriSolid: Correct-by-Design Smart Contracts for Ethereum Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron and Stachtiari, Emmanouela and Dubey, Abhishek. 2019
74
57.Obsidian: a safer blockchain programming language Coblenz, Michael. 2017
72
58.Towards safer smart contracts: A survey of languages and verification methods Harz, Dominik and Knottenbelt, William. 2018
70
59.Learning to Fuzz from Symbolic Execution with Application to Smart Contracts He, Jingxuan and Balunovi\'c, Mislav and Ambroladze, Nodar and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
70
60.Smart contracts for bribing miners McCorry, Patrick and Hicks, Alexander and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
69
61.Proof-of-Work Sidechains Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
66
62.M{\"o}bius: Trustless Tumbling for Transaction Privacy Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2017
65
63.Enter the Hydra: Towards Principled Bug Bounties and Exploit-Resistant Smart Contracts Breidenbach, Lorenz and Cornell Tech, IC and Daian, Philip and Tramer, Florian and Juels, Ari. 2018
64
64.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
64
65.Exploiting the laws of order in smart contracts Kolluri, Aashish and Nikolic, Ivica and Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas and Saxena, Prateek. 2019
64
66.Attacking the DeFi Ecosystem with Flash Loans for Fun and Profit Qin, Kaihua and Zhou, Liyi and Livshits, Benjamin and Gervais, Arthur. 2020
64
67.Safer smart contract programming with Scilla Sergey, Ilya and Nagaraj, Vaivaswatha and Johannsen, Jacob and Kumar, Amrit and Trunov, Anton and Hao, Ken Chan Guan. 2019
62
68.solc-verify: A Modular Verifier for Solidity Smart Contracts Hajdu, \'Akos and Jovanovi\'c, Dejan. 2019
61
69.Findel: Secure derivative contracts for Ethereum Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Tikhomirov, Sergei. 2017
61
70.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
60
71.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
58
72.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
56
73.Raziel: private and verifiable smart contracts on blockchains S\'anchez, David Cerezo. 2018
56
74.Proofs-of-delay and randomness beacons in ethereum B\"unz, Benedikt and Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph. 2017
55
75.Analyzing Ethereum's Contract Topology Kiffer, Lucianna and Levin, Dave and Mislove, Alan. 2018
55
76.Model-Checking of Smart Contracts Nehai, Zeinab and Piriou, Pierre-Yves and Daumas, Frederic. 2018
54
77.FastKitten: Practical Smart Contracts on Bitcoin Das, Poulami and Eckey, Lisa and Frassetto, Tommaso and Gens, David and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina and Jauernig, Patrick and Faust, Sebastian and Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza. 2019
53
78.Ethereum smart contracts: Security vulnerabilities and security tools Dika, Ardit. 2017
53
79.Harvey: A greybox fuzzer for smart contracts W\"ustholz, Valentin and Christakis, Maria. 2019
52
80.Smt-based verification of solidity smart contracts Alt, Leonardo and Reitwiessner, Christian. 2018
49
81.GASOL: Gas Analysis and Optimization for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
47
82.Porosity: A decompiler for blockchain-based smart contracts bytecode Suiche, Matt. 2017
46
83.VeriSmart: A Highly Precise Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts So, Sunbeom and Lee, Myungho and Park, Jisu and Lee, Heejo and Oh, Hakjoo. 2019
45
84.Constant-deposit multiparty lotteries on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2017
40
85.zkay: Specifying and Enforcing Data Privacy in Smart Contracts Steffen, Samuel and Bichsel, Benjamin and Gersbach, Mario and Melchior, Noa and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
39
86.Marlowe: Financial contracts on blockchain Seijas, Pablo Lamela and Thompson, Simon. 2018
39
87.Broken Metre: Attacking Resource Metering in EVM Daniel Perez and Benjamin Livshits. 2019
34
88.Smart contracts and opportunities for formal methods Miller, Andrew and Cai, Zhicheng and Jha, Somesh. 2018
32
89.Ethainter: A smart contract security analyzer for composite vulnerabilities Brent, Lexi and Grech, Neville and Lagouvardos, Sifis and Scholz, Bernhard and Smaragdakis, Yannis. 2020
32
90.Precise Attack Synthesis for Smart Contracts Feng, Yu and Torlak, Emina and Bodik, Rastislav. 2019
29
91.eThor: Practical and Provably Sound Static Analysis of Ethereum Smart Contracts Schneidewind, Clara and Grishchenko, Ilya and Scherer, Markus and Maffei, Matteo. 2020
29
92.Temporal Properties of Smart Contracts Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
28
93.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
28
94.Monitoring smart contracts: Contractlarva and open challenges beyond Azzopardi, Shaun and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
28
95.EtherTrust: Sound static analysis of ethereum bytecode Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
27
96.Stablecoins 2.0: Economic Foundations and Risk-based Models Ariah Klages-Mundt and Dominik Harz and Lewis Gudgeon and Jun-You Liu and Andreea Minca. 2020
27
97.uPort open-source identity management system: An assessment of self-sovereign identity and user-centric data platform built on blockchain Naik, Nitin and Jenkins, Paul. 2020
26
98.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
25
99.OptiSwap: Fast Optimistic Fair Exchange Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Benjamin Schlosser. 2019
23
100.Formal Specification and Verification of Smart Contracts for Azure Blockchain Lahiri, Shuvendu K and Chen, Shuo and Wang, Yuepeng and Dillig, Isil. 2018
22
101.Towards a Smart Contract-based, Decentralized, Public-Key Infrastructure Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Roussopoulos, Mema and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2017
21
102.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
21
103.Developing secure Bitcoin contracts with BitML Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Yoshida, Nobuko and Zunino, Roberto. 2019
20
104.A Comprehensive Survey on Smart Contract Construction and Execution: Paradigms, Tools and Systems Hu, Bin and Zhang, Zongyang and Liu, Jianwei and Liu, Yizhong and Yin, Jiayuan and Lu, Rongxing and Lin, Xiaodong. 2020
20
105.Mi-Cho-Coq, a framework for certifying Tezos Smart Contracts Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Hu, Zhenlei and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2019
19
106.Domain Specific Language for Smart Contract Development W\"ohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2020
19
107.A Survey of Smart Contract Formal Specification and Verification Tolmach, Palina and Li, Yi and Lin, Shang-Wei and Liu, Yang and Li, Zengxiang. 2020
19
108.Replicated state machines without replicated execution Lee, Jonathan and Nikitin, Kirill and Setty, Srinath. 2020
19
109.What are the Actual Flaws in Important Smart Contracts (and How Can We Find Them)? Groce, Alex and Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Colburn, Michael. 2019
18
110.Contracts over Smart Contracts: Recovering from Violations Dynamically Colombo, Christian and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
17
111.SAFEVM: A Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
17
112.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
16
113.A minimal core calculus for Solidity contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
16
114.IELE: a rigorously designed language and tool ecosystem for the blockchain Kasampalis, Theodoros and Guth, Dwight and Moore, Brandon and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Traian Florin and Zhang, Yi and Filaretti, Daniele and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Virgil and Johnson, Ralph and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2019
16
115.A minimal core calculus for Solidity contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
16
116.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
14
117.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
14
118.ConCert: A Smart Contract Certification Framework in Coq Annenkov, Danil and Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2020
14
119.Vyper: A Security Comparison with Solidity Based on Common Vulnerabilities Kaleem, Mudabbir and Laszka, Aron. 2020
14
120.ConCert: a smart contract certification framework in Coq Annenkov, Danil and Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2020
14
121.Smart Contract Interactions in Coq Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2019
13
122.Kachina--Foundations of Private Smart Contracts Kerber, Thomas and Kiayias, Aggelos and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2020
13
123.Loopring: A decentralized token exchange protocol Wang, Daniel and Zhou, Jay and Wang, Alex and Finestone, Matthew. 2018
12
124.Self-reproducing coins as universal turing machine Chepurnoy, Alexander and Kharin, Vasily and Meshkov, Dmitry. 2018
12
125.Smartanvil: Open-source tool suite for smart contract analysis Ducasse, St\'ephane and Rocha, Henrique and Bragagnolo, Santiago and Denker, Marcus and Francomme, Cl\'ement. 2019
12
126.Deviant: A Mutation Testing Tool for Solidity Smart Contracts Chapman, Patrick. 2019
12
127.Executable Operational Semantics of Solidity Jiao, Jiao and Kan, Shuanglong and Lin, Shang-Wei and Sanan, David and Liu, Yang and Sun, Jun. 2018
11
128.Beigepaper: An Ethereum Technical Specification Dameron, Micah. 2017
11
129.UTxO-vs account-based smart contract blockchain programming paradigms Brunjes, Lars and Gabbay, Murdoch J. 2020
11
130."Many-out-of-Many" Proofs with Applications to Anonymous Zether Benjamin E. Diamond. 2020
10
131.Functional blockchain contracts Chakravarty, Manuel and Kireev, Roman and MacKenzie, Kenneth and McHale, Vanessa and M\"uller, Jann and Nemish, Alexander and Nester, Chad and Jones, Michael Peyton and Thompsona, Simon and Valentine, Rebecca and others. 2019
10
132.Unraveling recursion: compiling an IR with recursion to system F Jones, Michael Peyton and Gkoumas, Vasilis and Kireev, Roman and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Nester, Chad and Wadler, Philip. 2019
9
133.MPro: Combining Static and Symbolic Analysis for Scalable Testing of Smart Contract Zhang, William and Banescu, Sebastian and Pasos, Leodardo and Stewart, Steven and Ganesh, Vijay. 2019
9
134.Albert, an intermediate smart-contract language for the Tezos blockchain Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2020
9
135.Reparo: Publicly Verifiable Layer to Repair Blockchains Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan and Bhat, Adithya and Magri, Bernardo and Tschudi, Daniel and Kate, Aniket. 2020
9
136.Lower Bounds for Off-Chain Protocols: Exploring the Limits of Plasma Stefan Dziembowski and Grzegorz Fabiański and Sebastian Faust and Siavash Riahi. 2020
9
137.Why Do Smart Contracts Self-Destruct? Investigating the Selfdestruct Function on Ethereum Chen, Jiachi and Xia, Xin and Lo, David and Grundy, John. 2020
9
138.Keeping Time-Release Secrets through Smart Contracts Jianting Ning and Hung Dang and Ruomu Hou and Ee-Chien Chang. 2018
9
139.Compositional Security for Reentrant Applications Cecchetti, Ethan and Yao, Siqiu and Ni, Haobin and Myers, Andrew C. 2021
8
140.Practical Smart Contract Sharding with Ownership and Commutativity Analysis P\^\irlea, George and Kumar, Amrit and Sergey, Ilya. 2021
8
141.Formal Analysis of Composable DeFi Protocols Tolmach, Palina and Li, Yi and Lin, Shang-Wei and Liu, Yang. 2021
8
142.Temporal aspects of smart contracts for financial derivatives Clack, Christopher D and Vanca, Gabriel. 2018
8
143.EthScope: A Transaction-centric Security Analytics Framework to Detect Malicious Smart Contracts on Ethereum Wu, Lei and Wu, Siwei and Zhou, Yajin and Li, Runhuai and Wang, Zhi and Luo, Xiapu and Wang, Cong and Ren, Kui. 2020
7
144.Bitcoin covenants unchained Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
7
145.Proof-Carrying Smart Contracts Dickerson, Thomas and Gazzillo, Paul and Herlihy, Maurice and Saraph, Vikram and Koskinen, Eric. 2018
6
146.LazyLedger: A Distributed Data Availability Ledger With Client-Side Smart Contracts Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2019
6
147.Smart Contract Derivatives Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2020
6
148.Resources: A Safe Language Abstraction for Money Blackshear, Sam and Dill, David L and Qadeer, Shaz and Barrett, Clark W and Mitchell, John C and Padon, Oded and Zohar, Yoni. 2020
6
149.Extracting Smart Contracts Tested and Verified in Coq Annenkov, Danil and Milo, Mikkel and Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2020
6
150.A Formal Specification Smart-Contract Language For Legally Binding Decentralized Autonomous Organizations Dwivedi, Vimal and Norta, Alex and Wulf, Alexander and Leiding, Benjamin and Saxena, Sandeep and Udokwu, Chibuzor. 2021
6
151.Formalising and verifying smart contracts with Solidifier: a bounded model checker for Solidity Antonino, Pedro and Roscoe, AW. 2020
5
152.Renegotiation and recursion in Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Murgia, Maurizio and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
5
153.Prism Removes Consensus Bottleneck for Smart Contracts Wang, Gerui and Wang, Shuo and Bagaria, Vivek and Tse, David and Viswanath, Pramod. 2020
5
154.Smart Contract modeling and verification techniques: A survey Imeri, Adnan and Agoulmine, Nazim and Khadraoui, Djamel. 2020
5
155.zkHawk: Practical Private Smart Contracts from MPC-based Hawk Aritra Banerjee and Michael Clear and Hitesh Tewari. 2021
5
156.Clockwork Finance: Automated Analysis of Economic Security in Smart Contracts Kushal Babel and Philip Daian and Mahimna Kelkar and Ari Juels. 2021
5
157.WIP: Finding Bugs Automatically in Smart Contracts with Parameterized Invariants Bernardi, Thomas and Dor, Nurit and Fedotov, Anastasia and Grossman, Shelly and Immerman, Neil and Jackson, Daniel and Nutz, Alex and Oppenheim, Lior and Pistiner, Or and Rinetzky, Noam and others. 2020
4
158.A Gas-Efficient Superlight Bitcoin Client in Solidity Stelios Daveas and Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2020
4
159.smartFHE: Privacy-Preserving Smart Contracts from Fully Homomorphic Encryption Ravital Solomon and Ghada Almashaqbeh. 2021
4
160.An Alternative Paradigm for Developing and Pricing Storage on Smart Contract Platforms Patsonakis, Christos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2019
3
161.Bypassing Non-Outsourceable Proof-of-Work Schemes Using Collateralized Smart Contracts Alexander Chepurnoy and Amitabh Saxena. 2020
3
162.Termination of Ethereum's Smart Contracts Genet, Thomas and Jensen, Thomas and Sauvage, Justine. 2020
3
163.Tezla, an Intermediate Representation for Static Analysis of Michelson Smart Contracts Santos Reis, Jo\~ao and Crocker, Paul and Melo de Sousa, Sim\~ao. 2020
3
164.WhylSon: Proving your Michelson Smart Contracts in Why3 da Horta, Lu\'\is Pedro Arrojado and Reis, Jo\~ao Santos and Pereira, M\'ario and de Sousa, Sim\~ao Melo. 2020
3
165.A formal model of Algorand smart contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Bracciali, Andrea and Lepore, Cristian and Scalas, Alceste and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
3
166.The Good, The Bad and The Ugly: Pitfalls and Best Practices in Automated Sound Static Analysis of Ethereum Smart Contracts Schneidewind, Clara and Scherer, Markus and Maffei, Matteo. 2020
3
167.Don’t Run on Fumes—Parametric Gas Bounds for Smart Contracts Alberta, Elvira and Correasb, Jes\'us and Gordillob, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\iezc, Guillermo and Rubioa, Albert. 2021
3
168.OptSmart: A Space Efficient Optimistic Concurrent Execution of Smart Contracts Anjana, Parwat Singh and Kumari, Sweta and Peri, Sathya and Rathor, Sachin and Somani, Archit. 2021
3
169.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
2
170.The Rush Dilemma: Attacking and Repairing Smart Contracts on Forking Blockchains Vincenzo Botta and Daniele Friolo and Daniele Venturi and Ivan Visconti. 2019
2
171.A Smart Contract Refereed Data Retrieval Protocol with a Provably Low Collateral Requirement James Shook and Scott Simon and Peter Mell. 2019
2
172.Towards declarative smart contracts Purnell, Kevin and Schwitter, Rolf. 2019
2
173.Formal Verification of Solidity contracts in Event-B Zhu, Jian and Hu, Kai and Filali, Mamoun and Bodeveix, Jean-Paul and Talpin, Jean-Pierre. 2020
2
174.Formal Specification and Verification of Solidity Contracts with Events Hajdu, Akos and Jovanovic, Dejan and Ciocarlie, Gabriela. 2020
2
175.Smart Contract Languages: A Thorough Comparison Gramlich, Benjamin. 2020
2
176.SodsMPC: FSM based Anonymous and Private Quantum-safe Smart Contracts Shlomi Dolev and Ziyu Wang. 2020
2
177.SodsMPC: FSM based Anonymous and Private Quantum-safe Smart Contracts Shlomi Dolev and Ziyu Wang. 2020
2
178.The Eye of Horus: Spotting and Analyzing Attacks on Ethereum Smart Contracts Christof Ferreira Torres and Antonio Ken Iannillo and Arthur Gervais and Radu State. 2021
2
179.SmartPulse: Automated Checking of Temporal Properties in Smart Contracts Stephens, Jon and Ferles, Kostas and Mariano, Benjamin and Lahiri, Shuvendu and Dillig, Isil. 2021
2
180.Smart Contract With Secret Parameters Thiercelin, Marin and Cheng, Chen-Mou and Miyaji, Atsuko and Vaudenay, Serge. 2020
1
181.Making Tezos Smart Contracts More Reliable with Coq Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Claret, Guillaume and Jakobsson, Arvid and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2020
1
182.EtherSolve: Computing an Accurate Control-Flow Graph from Ethereum Bytecode Contro, Filippo and Crosara, Marco and Ceccato, Mariano and Preda, Mila Dalla. 2021
1
183.Assessing Smart Contracts Security Technical Debts Ahmadjee, Sabreen and Mera-G\'omez, Carlos and Bahsoon, Rami. 2021
1
184.SAILFISH: Vetting Smart Contract State-Inconsistency Bugs in Seconds Bose, Priyanka and Das, Dipanjan and Chen, Yanju and Feng, Yu and Kruegel, Christopher and Vigna, Giovanni. 2021
1
185.Finding Consensus Bugs in Ethereum via Multi-transaction Differential Fuzzing Yang, Youngseok and Kim, Taesoo and Chun, Byung-Gon. 2021
1
186.Rich specifications for Ethereum smart contract verification Br\"am, Christian and Eilers, Marco and M\"uller, Peter and Sierra, Robin and Summers, Alexander J. 2021
1
187.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
188.On the specification and verification of atomic swap smart contracts⋆ van der Meyden, Ron. 2018
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189.GASTAP: A Gas Analyzer for Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
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190.Formal verification of Deed contract in Ethereum name service Hirai, Yoichi. 2016
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191.Practical Mutation Testing for Smart Contracts Honig, Joran J and Everts, Maarten H and Huisman, Marieke. 2019
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192.Gas limit aware mutation testing of smart contracts at scale Hartel, Pieter and Schumi, Richard. 2019
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193.Smashing ethereum smart contracts for fun and real profit Mueller, Bernhard. 2018
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194.WaterCarver: Anonymous Confidential Blockchain System based on Account Model Jiajun Xin and Pei Huang and Lei Chen and Xin Lai and Xiao Zhang and Wulu Li and Yongcan Wang. 2019
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195.Running on Fumes Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2019
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196.Verifiable Computation using Smart Contracts Avizheh, Sepideh and Nabi, Mahmudun and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Venkateswarlu K, Muni. 2019
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197.{\AE}GIS: Smart Shielding of Smart Contracts Ferreira Torres, Christof and Baden, Mathis and Norvill, Robert and Jonker, Hugo. 2019
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198.Formal specification of a security framework for smart contracts Mandrykin, Mikhail and O'Shannessy, Jake and Payne, Jacob and Shchepetkov, Ilya. 2020
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199.Ethna: Channel Network with Dynamic Internal Payment Splitting Stefan Dziembowski and Paweł Kędzior. 2020
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200.Fast, Private, Flexible Blockchain Contracts ZkVM Oleg Andreev and Bob Glickstein and Vicki Niu and Tess Rinearson and Debnil Sur and Cathie Yun. 2019
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201.Implementing a Smart Contract PKI Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Kiayias, Aggelos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2020
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202.Towards Smart Hybrid Fuzzing for Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Iannillo, Antonio Ken and Gervais, Arthur and State, Radu. 2020
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203.An Empirical Study of Ownership, Typestate, and Assets in the Obsidian Smart Contract Language Coblenz, Michael and Aldrich, Jonathan and Sunshine, Joshua and Myers, Brad. 2020
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204.GasMet: Profiling Gas Leaks in the Deployment of Solidity Smart Contracts Canfora, Gerardo and Di Sorbo, Andrea and Laudanna, Sonia and Vacca, Anna and Visaggio, Corrado A. 2020
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205.Compiling a Higher-Order Smart Contract Language to LLVM Nagaraj, Vaivaswatha and Johannsen, Jacob and Trunov, Anton and P\^\irlea, George and Kumar, Amrit and Sergey, Ilya. 2020
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206.Formal Verification of Ethereum Smart Contracts Using Isabelle/HOL Ribeiro, Maria and Adao, Pedro and Mateus, Paulo. 2020
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207.Ethereum Smart Contracts Optimization Margherita Renieri. 2020
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208.Verification of recursive Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Murgia, Maurizio and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
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209.Smart Derivatives: On-Chain Forwards for Digital Assets Rius, Alfonso DDM and Gashier, Eamonn. 2020
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210.Functional Verification of Smart Contracts via Strong Data Integrity Ahrendt, Wolfgang and Bubel, Richard. 2020
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211.Specifying Framing Conditions for Smart Contracts Beckert, Bernhard and Schiffl, Jonas. 2020
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212.A tool for proving Michelson Smart Contracts in WHY3 da Horta, Lu\'\is Pedro Arrojado and Reis, Jo\~ao Santos and de Sousa, Sim\~ao Melo and Pereira, M\'ario. 2020
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213.Smart Proofs via Smart Contracts: Succinct and Informative Mathematical Derivations via Decentralized Markets Carr\'e, Sylvain and Gabriel, Franck and Hongler, Cl\'ement and Lacerda, Gustavo and Capano, Gloria. 2021
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214.Revisiting the Liquidity/Risk Trade-Off with Smart Contracts (Short Paper) Danos, Vincent and Krivine, Jean and Prat, Julien. 2021
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215.On-Chain Smart Contract Verification over Tendermint⋆ Olivieri, Luca and Spoto, Fausto and Tagliaferro, Fabio. 2021
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216.EthVer: Formal verification of randomized Ethereum smart contracts Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2021
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217.CONFUZZIUS: A Data Dependency-Aware Hybrid Fuzzer for Smart Contracts Ferreira Torres, Christof and Iannillo, Antonio Ken and Gervais, Arthur and others. 2021
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218.Property-based testing of ERC-721 Ethereum smart contracts de Figueiredo Novo, Isac Daniel. 2021
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219.Secret Network: A Privacy-Preserving Secret Contract \& Decentralized Application Platform Woetzel, Carter. 2021
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220.Etherless Ethereum Tokens: Simulating Native Tokens in Ethereum John Andrews and Michele Ciampi and Vassilis Zikas. 2021
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221.Babel Fees via Limited Liabilities Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Karayannidis, Nikos and Kiayias, Aggelos and Jones, Michael Peyton and Vinogradova, Polina. 2021
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222.The cost of immortality: A Time To Live for smart contracts Saingre, Dimitri and Ledoux, Thomas and Menaud, Jean-Marc. 2021
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223.Translation Certification for Smart Contracts Krijnen, Jacco and Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Keller, Gabriele and Swierstra, Wouter. 2021
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224.Elysium: Automagically Healing Vulnerable Smart Contracts Using Context-Aware Patching Torres, Christof Ferreira and Jonker, Hugo and State, Radu. 2021
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225.A specification for a ZK-EVM B\'egassat, Olivier and Belling, Alexandre and Chapuis-Chkaiban, Th\'eodore and Liochon, Nicolas. 2021
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226.How Do Smart Contracts Benefit Security Protocols? Li, Rujia and Wang, Qin and Wang, Qi and Galindo, David. 2022
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227.Block-STM: Scaling Blockchain Execution by Turning Ordering Curse to a Performance Blessing Gelashvili, Rati and Spiegelman, Alexander and Xiang, Zhuolun and Danezis, George and Li, Zekun and Xia, Yu and Zhou, Runtian and Malkhi, Dahlia. 2022
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228.Elipmoc: Advanced Decompilation of Ethereum Smart Contracts GRECH, NEVILLE and LAGOUVARDOS, SIFIS and TSATIRIS, ILIAS and SMARAGDAKIS, YANNIS. 2022
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229.ZeeStar: Private Smart Contracts by Homomorphic Encryption and Zero-knowledge Proofs Steffen, Samuel and Bichsel, Benjamin and Baumgartner, Roger and Vechev, Martin. 2022
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