A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2020-02-25

#Title
Citations
1.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
459
2.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
247
3.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
115
4.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
109
5.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
95
6.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
82
7.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
72
8.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
63
9.Flare: An approach to routing in lightning network Prihodko, Pavel and Zhigulin, Slava and Sahno, Mykola and Ostrovskiy, Aleksei and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2016
44
10.Towards bitcoin payment networks McCorry, Patrick and M\"oser, Malte and Shahandasti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
44
11.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
39
12.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
34
13.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
32
14.Channels: Horizontal scaling and confidentiality on permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Cachin, Christian and De Caro, Angelo and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios. 2018
29
15.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
28
16.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019
20
17.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018
18
18.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
17
19.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
16
20.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
16
21.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
15
22.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
15
23.Routing cryptocurrency with the spider network Sivaraman, Vibhaalakshmi and Venkatakrishnan, Shaileshh Bojja and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
14
24.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
12
25.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
9
26.Off-chaining models and approaches to off-chain computations Eberhardt, Jacob and Heiss, Jonathan. 2018
9
27.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
8
28.COMIT-Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction Network Hosp, Dr and Hoenisch, Toby and Kittiwongsunthorn, Paul and others. 2018
7
29.Split payments in payment networks Piatkivskyi, Dmytro and Nowostawski, Mariusz. 2018
7
30.Atomic multi-channel updates with constant collateral in bitcoin-compatible payment-channel networks Egger, Christoph and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
7
31.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
6
32.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
6
33.NOCUST--A Securely Scalable Commit-Chain Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur and Felley, Guillaume. 2019
6
34.Avoiding deadlocks in payment channel networks Werman, Shira and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
6
35.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
5
36.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
5
37.Multi-party virtual state channels Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian and Hesse, Julia and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina. 2019
5
38.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
4
39.Celer network: Bring internet scale to every blockchain Dong, Mo and Liang, Qingkai and Li, Xiaozhou and Liu, Junda. 2018
4
40.A 2 L: Anonymous Atomic Locks for Scalability and Interoperability in Payment Channel Hubs Tairi, Erkan and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
4
41.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
3
42.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
3
43.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
2
44.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
2
45.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
2
46.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
2
47.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
2
48.A percolation model for the emergence of the Bitcoin Lightning Network Bartolucci, Silvia and Caccioli, Fabio and Vivo, Pierpaolo. 2019
2
49.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
1
50.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
51.WI Is Not Enough: Zero-Knowledge Contingent (Service) Payments Revisited Georg Fuchsbauer. 2019
1
52.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
1
53.Cerberus Channels: Incentivizing Watchtowers for Bitcoin Georgia Avarikioti and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos and Roger Wattenhofer. 2019
1
54.LockDown: Balance Availability Attack against Lightning Network Channels Cristina Pérez-Solà and Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí and Guillermo Navarro-Arribas and Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 2019
1
55.P4PCN: Privacy-Preserving Path Probing for Payment Channel Networks Yu, Ruozhou and Wan, Yinxin and Kilari, Vishnu Teja and Xue, Guoliang and Tang, Jian and Yang, Dejun and Zhang, Xiang and Li, Dan and Song, Yaozhong and Yau, Stephen S and others. 2018
1
56.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
0
57.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
0
58.SIMS : Self Sovereign Identity Management System with Preserving Privacy in Blockchain Jeonghyuk Lee and Jungyeon Hwang and Jaekyung Choi and Hyunok Oh and Jihye Kim. 2019
0
59.Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage Francati, Danilo and Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faye, Abdoulaye and Milazzo, Andrea Maria and Perillo, Angelo Massimo and Schiatti, Luca and Giordano, Giuseppe. 2019
0
60.Toward Active and Passive Confidentiality Attacks On Cryptocurrency Off-Chain Networks Nisslmueller, Utz and Foerster, Klaus-Tycho and Schmid, Stefan and Decker, Christian. 2020
0
61.Ethna: Channel Network with Dynamic Internal Payment Splitting Stefan Dziembowski and Paweł Kędzior. 2020
0
62.Lower Bounds for Off-Chain Protocols: Exploring the Limits of Plasma Stefan Dziembowski and Grzegorz Fabiański and Sebastian Faust and Siavash Riahi. 2020
0