A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-08-20

#Title
Citations
1.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
322
2.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
180
3.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
92
4.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
85
5.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
80
6.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
74
7.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
47
8.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
43
9.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
39
10.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
20
11.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
19
12.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
14
13.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
10
14.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
8
15.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019
8
16.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
8
17.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
7
18.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018
5
19.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
4
20.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
4
21.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
3
22.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
2
23.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
2
24.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
2
25.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
1
26.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
1
27.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
1
28.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
1
29.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
1
30.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
0
31.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
0
32.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
0
33.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
0
34.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
0
35.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
0
36.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
0
37.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
0
38.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
0