A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-12-10

#Title
Citations
1.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
395
2.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
219
3.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
109
4.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
102
5.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
89
6.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
89
7.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
65
8.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
55
9.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
52
10.Towards bitcoin payment networks McCorry, Patrick and M\"oser, Malte and Shahandasti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
38
11.Flare: An approach to routing in lightning network Prihodko, Pavel and Zhigulin, Slava and Sahno, Mykola and Ostrovskiy, Aleksei and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2016
34
12.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
27
13.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
26
14.Channels: Horizontal scaling and confidentiality on permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Cachin, Christian and De Caro, Angelo and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios. 2018
26
15.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
23
16.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
14
17.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
12
18.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
12
19.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019
11
20.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018
11
21.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
10
22.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
10
23.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
10
24.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
8
25.Routing cryptocurrency with the spider network Sivaraman, Vibhaalakshmi and Venkatakrishnan, Shaileshh Bojja and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
8
26.COMIT-Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction Network Hosp, Dr and Hoenisch, Toby and Kittiwongsunthorn, Paul and others. 2018
6
27.Avoiding deadlocks in payment channel networks Werman, Shira and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
6
28.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
5
29.Off-chaining models and approaches to off-chain computations Eberhardt, Jacob and Heiss, Jonathan. 2018
5
30.Split payments in payment networks Piatkivskyi, Dmytro and Nowostawski, Mariusz. 2018
5
31.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
4
32.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
4
33.NOCUST--A Securely Scalable Commit-Chain Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur and Felley, Guillaume. 2019
4
34.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
3
35.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
3
36.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
3
37.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
3
38.Multi-party virtual state channels Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian and Hesse, Julia and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina. 2019
3
39.Celer network: Bring internet scale to every blockchain Dong, Mo and Liang, Qingkai and Li, Xiaozhou and Liu, Junda. 2018
3
40.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
2
41.Atomic multi-channel updates with constant collateral in bitcoin-compatible payment-channel networks Egger, Christoph and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
2
42.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
1
43.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
1
44.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
1
45.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
1
46.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
47.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
48.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
1
49.LockDown: Balance Availability Attack against Lightning Network Channels Cristina Pérez-Solà and Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí and Guillermo Navarro-Arribas and Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 2019
1
50.P4PCN: Privacy-Preserving Path Probing for Payment Channel Networks Yu, Ruozhou and Wan, Yinxin and Kilari, Vishnu Teja and Xue, Guoliang and Tang, Jian and Yang, Dejun and Zhang, Xiang and Li, Dan and Song, Yaozhong and Yau, Stephen S and others. 2018
1
51.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
0
52.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
0
53.WI Is Not Enough: Zero-Knowledge Contingent (Service) Payments Revisited Georg Fuchsbauer. 2019
0
54.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
0
55.Cerberus Channels: Incentivizing Watchtowers for Bitcoin Georgia Avarikioti and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos and Roger Wattenhofer. 2019
0
56.SIMS : Self Sovereign Identity Management System with Preserving Privacy in Blockchain Jeonghyuk Lee and Jungyeon Hwang and Jaekyung Choi and Hyunok Oh and Jihye Kim. 2019
0
57.Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage Francati, Danilo and Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faye, Abdoulaye and Milazzo, Andrea Maria and Perillo, Angelo Massimo and Schiatti, Luca and Giordano, Giuseppe. 2019
0