Papers (137)

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008  
11846
2.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014  
1562
3.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014   
1267
4.Hyperledger fabric: a distributed operating system for permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Barger, Artem and Bortnikov, Vita and Cachin, Christian and Christidis, Konstantinos and De Caro, Angelo and Enyeart, David and Ferris, Christopher and Laventman, Gennady and Manevich, Yacov and Muralidharan, Srinivasan and Murthy, Chet and Nguyen, Binh and Sethi, Manish and Singh, Gari and Smith, Keith and Sorniotti, Alessandro and Stathakopoulou, Chrysoula and Vukolić, Marko and Weed Cocco, Sharon and Yellick, Jason. 2018  
1188
5.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol : Analysis and Applications Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos. 2014  
913
6.Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Sirer, Emin Gün and van Renesse, Robbert. 2016  
894
7.Hashcash - A Denial of Service Counter-Measure Back, Adam. 2002
793
8.The quest for scalable blockchain fabric: Proof-of-work vs. BFT replication Vukolić, Marko. 2015
742
9.On the security and performance of proof of work blockchains Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and W\"ust, Karl and Glykantzis, Vasileios and Ritzdorf, Hubert and Capkun, Srdjan. 2016  
737
10.Algorand Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2016
612
11.Analysis of the Blockchain Protocol in Asynchronous Networks Pass, Rafael and Seeman, Lior and abhi Shelat. 2016
409
12.The Ripple protocol consensus algorithm Schwartz, D and Youngs, N and Britto, A. 2014
401
13.Optimal Selfish Mining Strategies in Bitcoin Sapirshtein, Ayelet and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
400
14.Blockchain consensus protocols in the wild Cachin, Christian and Vukoli\'c, Marko. 2017
352
15.The honey badger of BFT protocols Miller, Andrew and Xia, Yu and Croman, Kyle and Shi, Elaine and Song, Dawn. 2016
342
16.The Miner's Dilemma Eyal, Ittay. 2014  
328
17.The stellar consensus protocol: A federated model for internet-level consensus Mazieres, David. 2015  
298
18.Casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik and Griffith, Virgil. 2017   
295
19.Inclusive block chain protocols Lewenberg, Yoad and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
245
20.Hybrid consensus: Efficient consensus in the permissionless model Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2017
212
21.Fruitchains: A fair blockchain Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
195
22.Tendermint: Byzantine fault tolerance in the age of blockchains Buchman, Ethan. 2016   
187
23.Demystifying incentives in the consensus computer Luu, Loi and Teutsch, Jason and Kulkarni, Raghav and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
159
24.Consensus in the age of blockchains Bano, Shehar and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Danezis, George. 2017
148
25.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016  
133
26.Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing. Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, A. 2013
133
27.Verifiable Delay Functions Dan Boneh, Joseph Bonneau, Benedikt Bünz, Ben Fisch. 2018  
130
28.Speed-Security Tradeoffs in Blockchain Protocols Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2015
118
29.Thunderella: Blockchains with Optimistic Instant Confirmation Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2017
116
30.Hotstuff: Bft consensus with linearity and responsiveness Yin, Maofan and Malkhi, Dahlia and Reiter, Michael K and Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai. 2019
100
31.Anonymous Byzantine Consensus from Moderately-Hard Puzzles: A Model for Bitcoin Miller, Andrew and Jr, Jj LaViola. 2014
98
32.DFINITY Technology Overview Series, Consensus System Hanke, Timo and Movahedi, Mahnush and Williams, Dominic. 2018  
86
33.PHANTOM: A Scalable BlockDAG Protocol Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. 2018
74
34.Scp: A computationally-scalable byzantine consensus protocol for blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Baweja, Kunal and Zheng, Chaodong and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
73
35.On Trees, Chains and Fast Transactions in the Blockchain Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2016
71
36.Stake-Bleeding Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2018
56
37.Hotstuff: Bft consensus in the lens of blockchain Yin, Maofan and Malkhi, Dahlia and Reiter, Michael K and Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai. 2018
55
38.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
50
39.Analysis of the XRP ledger consensus protocol Chase, Brad and MacBrough, Ethan. 2018
48
40.A Better Method to Analyze Blockchain Consistency Kiffer, Lucianna and Rajaraman, Rajmohan and others. 2018
47
41.On The Longest Chain Rule and Programmed Self-Destruction of Crypto Currencies Courtois, Nicolas T. 2014
44
42.Sok: A consensus taxonomy in the blockchain era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2018
44
43.Rethinking Large-Scale Consensus Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2018
42
44.Mechanising Blockchain Consensus P\^\irlea, George and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
42
45.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
40
46.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
34
47.Lay down the common metrics: Evaluating proof-of-work consensus protocols’ security Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2019  
29
48.Graphene: A new protocol for block propagation using set reconciliation Ozisik, A Pinar and Andresen, Gavin and Bissias, George and Houmansadr, Amir and Levine, Brian. 2017
29
49.SPECTRE: Serialization of Proof-of-work Events: Confirming Transactions via Recursive Elections Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Lewenberg, Yoad and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
27
50.Why buy when you can rent? bribery attacks on bitcoin consensus Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward W and Goldfeder, Steven and Kroll, Joshua A and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
26
51.Agreement with Satoshi – On the Formalization of Nakamoto Consensus Nicholas Stifter and Aljosha Judmayer and Philipp Schindler and Alexei Zamyatin and Edgar Weippl. 2018
24
52.Bootstrapping the Blockchain, with Applications to Consensus and Fast PKI Setup Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2018
23
53.Communication complexity of byzantine agreement, revisited Abraham, Ittai and Chan, TH and Dolev, Danny and Nayak, Kartik and Pass, Rafael and Ren, Ling and Shi, Elaine. 2018
23
54.Incentives in Ethereum's Hybrid Casper Protocol Buterin, Vitalik and Reijsbergen, Daniel and Leonardos, Stefanos and Piliouras, Georgios. 2019
23
55.Blockchain-Free Cryptocurrencies: A Framework for Truly Decentralised Fast Transactions Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2016
22
56.Redactable blockchain in the permissionless setting Deuber, Dominic and Magri, Bernardo and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan. 2019  
20
57.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
19
58.State Machine Replication in the Libra Blockchain Baudet, Mathieu and Ching, Avery and Chursin, Andrey and Danezis, George and Garillot, Fran\ccois and Li, Zekun and Malkhi, Dahlia and Naor, Oded and Perelman, Dmitri and Sonnino, Alberto. 2019
19
59.Synchronous, with a Chance of Partition Tolerance. Guo, Yue and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
18
60.PaLa: A Simple Partially Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
17
61.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
16
62.Casper the friendly ghost: A correct by construction blockchain consensus protocol Zamfir, Vlad. 2017
16
63.Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus Ling Ren. 2019
16
64.Ouroboros-BFT: A Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerant Consensus Protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
14
65.Correctness and fairness of tendermint-core blockchains Amoussou-Guenou, Yackolley and Del Pozzo, Antonella and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2018
14
66.Betting on Blockchain Consensus with Fantomette Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
13
67.Scalable and Probabilistic Leaderless BFT Consensus through Metastability Rocket, Team and Yin, Maofan and Sekniqi, Kevin and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2019
12
68.A Scalable Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng and Katz, Jonathan. 2018
12
69.StrongChain: Transparent and Collaborative Proof-of-Work Consensus Szalachowski, Pawel and Reijsbergen, Dani\"el and Homoliak, Ivan and Sun, Siwei. 2019
12
70.Blockmania: from Block DAGs to Consensus Danezis, George and Hrycyszyn, David. 2018
11
71.Graphchain: a Blockchain-Free Scalable Decentralised Ledger Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2018
10
72.Consensus through Herding Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019  
9
73.Ouroboros Chronos: Permissionless Clock Synchronization via Proof-of-Stake Christian Badertscher and Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2019
8
74.Analysis of Deterministic Longest-Chain Protocols Shi, Elaine. 2018
7
75.Rationality is Self-Defeating in Permissionless Systems Ford, Bryan and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2019
6
76.Polygraph: Accountable Byzantine Agreement Civit, Pierre and Gilbert, Seth and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
6
77.Pixel: Multi-signatures for Consensus Manu Drijvers and Sergey Gorbunov and Gregory Neven and Hoeteck Wee. 2019
6
78.A Nonoutsourceable Puzzle under GHOST Rule Zeng, Gongxian and Yiu, Siu Ming and Zhang, Jun and Kuzuno, Hiroki and Au, Man Ho. 2017
5
79.PiLi: An Extremely Simple Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
5
80.Divide and Scale: Formalization of Distributed Ledger Sharding Protocols Avarikioti, Georgia and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
5
81.Streamlet: Textbook Streamlined Blockchains Benjamin Y Chan and Elaine Shi. 2020
5
82.Everything is a Race and Nakamoto Always Wins Amir Dembo and Sreeram Kannan and Ertem Nusret Tas and David Tse and Pramod Viswanath and Xuechao Wang and Ofer Zeitouni. 2020
5
83.Compact Storage of Superblocks for NIPoPoW Applications Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos and Dionysis Zindros. 2019
4
84.Afgjort: A Partially Synchronous Finality Layer for Blockchains Bernardo Magri and Christian Matt and Jesper Buus Nielsen and Daniel Tschudi. 2019
4
85.Cogsworth: Byzantine View Synchronization Naor, Oded and Baudet, Mathieu and Malkhi, Dahlia and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2019
4
86.Hydra: Fast Isomorphic State Channels Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Coretti, Sandro and Fitzi, Matthias and Gazi, Peter and Kant, Philipp and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2020
4
87.Efficient Algorithms for Broadcast and Consensus Based on Proofs of Work Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss. 2017
3
88.Afgjort--A Semi-Synchronous Finality Layer for Blockchains Magri, Bernardo and Matt, Christian and Nielsen, Jesper Buus and Tschudi, Daniel. 2019
3
89.Platypus: a Partially Synchronous Offchain Protocol for Blockchains Ranchal-Pedrosa, Alejandro and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
3
90.On Profitability of Nakamoto double spend Grunspan, Cyril and P\'erez-Marco, Ricardo. 2019
3
91.Streamlined Blockchains: A Simple and Elegant Approach (A Tutorial and Survey) Elaine Shi. 2020
3
92.Order-Fairness for Byzantine Consensus Mahimna Kelkar and Fan Zhang and Steven Goldfeder and Ari Juels. 2020
3
93.The Thunder Protocol Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
2
94.Digital Signatures for Consensus. Gorbunov, Sergey and Wee, Hoeteck. 2019
2
95.Consistency in Proof-of-Stake Blockchains with Concurrent Honest Slot Leaders Aggelos Kiayias and Saad Quader and Alexander Russell. 2020
2
96.Reparo: Publicly Verifiable Layer to Repair Blockchains Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan and Bhat, Adithya and Magri, Bernardo and Tschudi, Daniel and Kate, Aniket. 2020
2
97.Single Secret Leader Election Boneh, Dan and Eskandarian, Saba and Hanzlik, Lucjan and Greco, Nicola. 2020
2
98.Securing Proof-of-Work Ledgers via Checkpointing Dimitris Karakostas and Aggelos Kiayias. 2020
2
99.Proof of Necessary Work: Succinct State Verification with Fairness Guarantees Assimakis Kattis and Joseph Bonneau. 2020
2
100.Network-Agnostic State Machine Replication Blum, Erica and Katz, Jonathan and Loss, Julian. 2020
2
101.Expected Linear Round Synchronization: The Missing Link for Linear Byzantine SMR Naor, Oded and Keidar, Idit. 2020
2
102.Optimal Good-case Latency for Byzantine Broadcast and State Machine Replication Abraham, Ittai and Nayak, Kartik and Ren, Ling and Xiang, Zhuolun. 2020
2
103.Resource-Restricted Cryptography: Revisiting MPC Bounds in the Proof-of-Work Era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos and Ostrovsky, Rafail M and Panagiotakos, Giorgos and Zikas, Vassilis. 2020
2
104.Toychain: Formally Verified Blockchain Consensus George P\^ırlea. 2019
1
105.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol Against Quantum Adversaries Alexandru Cojocaru and Juan Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Fang Song and Petros Wallden. 2019
1
106.Just Enough Security: Reducing Proof-of-Work Ecological Footprint Tsabary, Itay and Spiegelman, Alexander and Eyal, Ittay. 2019
1
107.Number of confirmation blocks for Bitcoin and GHOST consensus protocols on networks with delayed message delivery Kovalchuk, Lyudmila and Kaidalov, Dmytro and Nastenko, Andrii and Shevtsov, Oleksiy and Rodinko, Mariia and Oliynykov, Roman. 2018
1
108.LazyLedger: A Distributed Data Availability Ledger With Client-Side Smart Contracts Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2019
1
109.Full Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus in Bounded-Delay Networks Juan Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2020
1
110.Incentives Don't Solve Blockchain's Problems Ketsdever, Shea and Fischer, Michael J. 2019
1
111.Combining GHOST and Casper Buterin, Vitalik and Hernandez, Diego and Kamphefner, Thor and Pham, Khiem and Qiao, Zhi and Ryan, Danny and Sin, Juhyeok and Wang, Ying and Zhang, Yan X. 2020
1
112.A PoR/PoS-Hybrid Blockchain: Proof of Reputation with Nakamoto Fallback Leonard Kleinrock and Rafail Ostrovsky and Vassilis Zikas. 2020
1
113.Tight Consistency Bounds for Bitcoin Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2020
1
114.Blockchain with Varying Number of Players T-H. Hubert Chan and Naomi Ephraim and Antonio Marcedone and Andrew Morgan and Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2020
1
115.Fractal: A New Paradigm for High-Performance Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
0
116.The Rush Dilemma: Attacking and Repairing Smart Contracts on Forking Blockchains Vincenzo Botta and Daniele Friolo and Daniele Venturi and Ivan Visconti. 2019
0
117.ABC: Asynchronous Blockchain without Consensus Sliwinski, Jakub and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
118.TULIP: A Fully Incentive Compatible Blockchain Framework Amortizing Redundant Communication Ersoy, Oguzhan and Zekeriya, Erkin and Lagendijk, Reginald L. 2019
0
119.Barracuda: The Power of $$\backslash$ell $-polling in Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Fanti, Giulia and Jiao, Jiantao and Makkuva, Ashok and Oh, Sewoong and Rana, Ranvir and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
0
120.A Formal Analysis of Blockchain Consensus Laneve, Cosimo and Veschetti, Adele. 2019
0
121.Hydra: A Multiple Blockchain Protocol for Improving Transaction Throughput G\"undlach, Rowel and Hoepman, Jaap-Henk and van der Hofstad, Remco and Koens, Tommy and Meijer, Stijn. 2019
0
122.BackPackers: A New Network Paradigm for Secure and High-performance Blockchains Thai, Phuc D and Zhou, Hong-sheng and Katz, Jonathan and Fan, Lei and Dinh, Thang N. 2019
0
123.FastPay: High-Performance Byzantine Fault Tolerant Settlement Baudet, Mathieu and Danezis, George and Sonnino, Alberto. 2020
0
124.Plumo: Towards Scalable Interoperable Blockchains Using Ultra Light Validation Systems Gabizon, Ariel and Gurkan, Kobi and Jovanovic, Philipp and Konstantopoulos, Georgios and Oines, Asa and Olszewski, Marek and Straka, Michael and Tromer, Eran. 2020  
0
125.Prism Removes Consensus Bottleneck for Smart Contracts Wang, Gerui and Wang, Shuo and Bagaria, Vivek and Tse, David and Viswanath, Pramod. 2020
0
126.Expected Constant Round Byzantine Broadcast under Dishonest Majority Jun Wan and Hanshen Xiao and Elaine Shi and Srinivas Devadas. 2020
0
127.Permissionless Consensus in the Resource Model Benjamin Terner. 2020
0
128.Rational Behavior in Committee-Based Blockchains Yackolley Amoussou-Guenou and Bruno Biais and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci-Piergiovanni. 2020
0
129.Leveraging Weight Functions for Optimistic Responsiveness in Blockchains Simon Holmgaard Kamp and Bernardo Magri and Christian Matt and Jesper Buus Nielsen and Søren Eller Thomsen and Daniel Tschudi. 2020
0
130.BTSO: A Blockchain Protocol Based on Reconfigurable Byzantine Consensus Abraham, Ittai and Malkhi, Dahlia and Nayak, Kartik and Rowadoski, Listovich and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2020  
0
131.Virtual ASICs: Generalized Proof-of-Stake Mining in Cryptocurrencies Chaya Ganesh and Claudio Orlandi and Daniel Tschudi and Aviv Zohar. 2020
0
132.Proofs of Useless Work--Positive and Negative Results for Wasteless Mining Systems Dotan, Maya and Tochner, Saar. 2020
0
133.Formalizing Nakamoto-Style Proof of Stake Søren Eller Thomsen and Bas Spitters. 2020
0
134.UTXOma: UTXO with Multi-Asset Support Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Chapman, James and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Melkonian, Orestis and M\"uller, Jann and Jones, Michael Peyton and Vinogradova, Polina and Wadler, Philip and Zahnentferner, Joachim. 2020
0
135.Native Custom Tokens in the Extended UTXO Model Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Chapman, James and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Melkonian, Orestis and M\"uller, Jann and Jones, Michael Peyton and Vinogradova, Polina and Wadler, Philip. 2020
0
136.Foundations of DistributedConsensus and Blockchains Elaine Shi. 2020
0
137.Consensus Redux: Distributed Ledgers in the Face of Adversarial Supremacy Badertscher, Christian and Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and Zikas, Vassilis. 2020
0

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