A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2020-01-21

#Title
Citations
1.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014
1223
2.A fistful of bitcoins: characterizing payments among men with no names Meiklejohn, Sarah and Pomarole, Marjori and Jordan, Grant and Levchenko, Kirill and McCoy, Damon and Voelker, Geoffrey M and Savage, Stefan. 2013
803
3.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
582
4.A survey of attacks on ethereum smart contracts (sok) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2017
468
5.The economics of Bitcoin mining, or Bitcoin in the presence of adversaries Kroll, Joshua A and Davey, Ian C and Felten, Edward W. 2013
425
6.Eclipse Attacks on Bitcoin's Peer-to-Peer Network Heilman, Ethan and Kendler, Alison and Zohar, Aviv and Goldberg, Sharon. 2015
369
7.A survey on the security of blockchain systems Li, Xiaoqi and Jiang, Peng and Chen, Ting and Luo, Xiapu and Wen, Qiaoyan. 2017
322
8.Deanonymisation of clients in Bitcoin P2P network Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Pustogarov, Ivan. 2014
283
9.A survey on security and privacy issues of bitcoin Conti, Mauro and Kumar, E Sandeep and Lal, Chhagan and Ruj, Sushmita. 2018
260
10.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
234
11.Is bitcoin a decentralized currency? Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and Capkun, Vedran and Capkun, Srdjan. 2014
211
12.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
204
13.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
182
14.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
148
15.Zeus: Analyzing safety of smart contracts Kalra, Sukrit and Goel, Seep and Dhawan, Mohan and Sharma, Subodh. 2018
143
16.Securify: Practical security analysis of smart contracts Tsankov, Petar and Dan, Andrei and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Gervais, Arthur and Buenzli, Florian and Vechev, Martin. 2018
137
17.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
134
18.Empirical analysis of denial-of-service attacks in the Bitcoin ecosystem Vasek, Marie and Thornton, Micah and Moore, Tyler. 2014
124
19.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
98
20.Theoretical Bitcoin Attacks with less than Half of the Computational Power (draft) Lear Bahack. 2013
84
21.A traceability analysis of monero’s blockchain Kumar, Amrit and Fischer, Cl\'ement and Tople, Shruti and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
81
22.teether: Gnawing at ethereum to automatically exploit smart contracts Krupp, Johannes and Rossow, Christian. 2018
60
23.Madmax: Surviving out-of-gas conditions in ethereum smart contracts Grech, Neville and Kong, Michael and Jurisevic, Anton and Brent, Lexi and Scholz, Bernhard and Smaragdakis, Yannis. 2018
55
24.On the Malleability of Bitcoin Transactions Marcin Andrychowicz and Stefan Dziembowski and Daniel Malinowski and Lukasz Mazurek. 2015
51
25.Bitcoin's security model revisited Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
49
26.An Empirical Analysis of Anonymity in Zcash Kappos, George and Yousaf, Haaroon and Maller, Mary and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
47
27.Vandal: A scalable security analysis framework for smart contracts Brent, Lexi and Jurisevic, Anton and Kong, Michael and Liu, Eric and Gauthier, Francois and Gramoli, Vincent and Holz, Ralph and Scholz, Bernhard. 2018
45
28.Stake-Bleeding Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2018
40
29.Low-Resource Eclipse Attacks on Ethereum’s Peer-to-Peer Network Marcus, Yuval and Heilman, Ethan and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
37
30.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
36
31.Empirical Vulnerability Analysis of Automated Smart Contracts Security Testing on Blockchains Parizi, Reza M and Dehghantanha, Ali and Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond and Singh, Amritraj. 2018
34
32.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
29
33.Hostile blockchain takeovers (short paper) Joseph Bonneau. 2018
28
34.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
27
35.Anonymous alone? measuring Bitcoin’s second-generation anonymization techniques M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2017
27
36.Smashing ethereum smart contracts for fun and real profit Mueller, Bernhard. 2018
27
37.Ethereum smart contracts: Security vulnerabilities and security tools Dika, Ardit. 2017
25
38.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
23
39.Osiris: Hunting for integer bugs in ethereum smart contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Sch\"utte, Julian and others. 2018
22
40.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
20
41.Why buy when you can rent? bribery attacks on bitcoin consensus Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward W and Goldfeder, Steven and Kroll, Joshua A and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
19
42.Flash Boys 2.0: Frontrunning, Transaction Reordering, and Consensus Instability in Decentralized Exchanges Daian, Philip and Goldfeder, Steven and Kell, Tyler and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Bentov, Iddo and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Juels, Ari. 2019
16
43.Sereum: Protecting Existing Smart Contracts Against Re-Entrancy Attacks Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2018
13
44.The Bitcoin brain drain: a short paper on the use and abuse of bitcoin brain wallets Vasek, Marie and Bonneau, Joseph and Castellucci, Ryan and Keith, Cameron and Moore, Tyler. 2016
12
45.A survey of tools for analyzing ethereum smart contracts Di Angelo, Monika and Salzer, Gernot. 2019
10
46.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
7
47.Precise Attack Synthesis for Smart Contracts Feng, Yu and Torlak, Emina and Bodik, Rastislav. 2019
7
48.Biased Nonce Sense: Lattice Attacks against Weak ECDSA Signatures in Cryptocurrencies Breitner, Joachim and Heninger, Nadia. 2019
6
49.On the security of the BCTV Pinocchio zk-SNARK variant Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
6
50.Monitoring smart contracts: Contractlarva and open challenges beyond Azzopardi, Shaun and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
6
51.An empirical analysis of monero cross-chain traceability Hinteregger, Abraham and Haslhofer, Bernhard. 2018
6
52.Partitioning Attacks on Bitcoin: Colliding Space, Time and Logic Saad, Muhammad and Cook, Victor and Nguyen, Lan and Thai, My T and Mohaisen, Aziz. 2019
6
53.BeatCoin: Leaking Private Keys from Air-Gapped Cryptocurrency Wallets Guri, Mordechai. 2018
5
54.Cryptanalysis of Curl-P and Other Attacks on the IOTA Cryptocurrency. Heilman, Ethan and Narula, Neha and Tanzer, Garrett and Lovejoy, James and Colavita, Michael and Virza, Madars and Dryja, Tadge. 2019
5
55.How perfect offline wallets can still leak bitcoin private keys Verb\"ucheln, Stephan. 2015
5
56.Burning Zerocoins for Fun and for Profit: A Cryptographic Denial-of-Spending Attack on the Zerocoin Protocol Tim Ruffing and Sri Aravinda Thyagarajan and Viktoria Ronge and Dominique Schröder. 2018
4
57.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Eskandari, Shayan and Moosavi, Seyedehmahsa and Clark, Jeremy. 2019
4
58.Replay Attacks and Defenses against Cross-shard Consensus in Sharded Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Danezis, George. 2019
4
59.Smartanvil: Open-source tool suite for smart contract analysis Ducasse, St\'ephane and Rocha, Henrique and Bragagnolo, Santiago and Denker, Marcus and Francomme, Cl\'ement. 2019
4
60.Running on Fumes Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2019
4
61.Why Preventing a Cryptocurrency Exchange Heist Isn't Good Enough Patrick McCorry and Malte M\"oser and Syed Taha Ali. 2018
3
62.The Art of The Scam: Demystifying Honeypots in Ethereum Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Steichen, Mathis. 2019
3
63.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
3
64.Temporary censorship attacks in the presence of rational miners Winzer, Fredrik and Herd, Benjamin and Faust, Sebastian. 2019
3
65.Harvey: A greybox fuzzer for smart contracts W\"ustholz, Valentin and Christakis, Maria. 2019
3
66.Broken Metre: Attacking Resource Metering in EVM Daniel Perez and Benjamin Livshits. 2019
2
67.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
1
68.On the (In)security of Kilian-Based SNARGs James Bartusek and Liron Bronfman and Justin Holmgren and Fermi Ma and Ron Rothblum. 2019
1
69.Learning to Fuzz from Symbolic Execution with Application to Smart Contracts He, Jingxuan and Balunovi\'c, Mislav and Ambroladze, Nodar and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
1
70.LockDown: Balance Availability Attack against Lightning Network Channels Cristina Pérez-Solà and Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí and Guillermo Navarro-Arribas and Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 2019
1
71.Cascading Machine Learning to Attack Bitcoin Anonymity Zola, Francesco and Eguimendia, Maria and Bruse, Jan Lukas and Urrutia, Raul Orduna. 2019
1
72.What are the Actual Flaws in Important Smart Contracts (and How Can We Find Them)? Groce, Alex and Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Colburn, Michael. 2019
1
73.Privacy Aspects and Subliminal Channels in Zcash Biryukov, Alex and Feher, Daniel and Vitto, Giuseppe. 2019
1
74.Power Adjusting and Bribery Racing: Novel Mining Attacks in the Bitcoin System Gao, Shang and Li, Zecheng and Peng, Zhe and Xiao, Bin. 2019
1
75.Pitchforks in Cryptocurrencies: Enforcing Rule Changes Through Offensive Weippl, Edgar. 2018
0
76.A Tale of Three Signatures: practical attack of ECDSA with wNAF Gabrielle De Micheli and Rémi Piau and Cécile Pierrot. 2019
0
77.A Stealthier Partitioning Attack against Bitcoin Peer-to-Peer Network Tran, Muoi and Choi, Inho and Moon, Gi Jun and Vu, Anh V and Kang, Min Suk. 2020
0
78.Who Spent My EOS? On the (In) Security of Resource Management of EOS. IO Lee, Sangsup and Kim, Daejun and Kim, Dongkwan and Son, Sooel and Kim, Yongdae. 2019
0
79.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
0
80.Short Paper: Towards Characterizing Sybil Attacks in Cryptocurrency Mixers Mikerah Quintyne-Collins. 2019
0
81.PING and REJECT:The Impact of Side-Channels on Zcash Privacy Florian Tramèr and Dan Boneh and Kenneth G. Paterson. 2019
0
82.Effective Cryptocurrency Regulation Through Blacklisting M\"oser, Malte and Narayanan, Arvind. 2019
0
83.Linking Anonymous Transactions via Remote Side-Channel Attacks Tramer, Florian and Boneh, Dan and Paterson, Kenneth G. 2019
0
84.{\AE}GIS: Smart Shielding of Smart Contracts Ferreira Torres, Christof and Baden, Mathis and Norvill, Robert and Jonker, Hugo. 2019
0
85.SquirRL: Automating Attack Discovery on Blockchain Incentive Mechanisms with Deep Reinforcement Learning Hou, Charlie and Zhou, Mingxun and Ji, Yan and Daian, Phil and Tramer, Florian and Fanti, Giulia and Juels, Ari. 2019
0
86.BDoS: Blockchain Denial of Service Michael Mirkin and Yan Ji and Jonathan Pang and Ariah Klages-Mundt and Ittay Eyal and Ari Jules. 2019
0
87.Selfish Behavior in the Tezos Proof-of-Stake Protocol Neuder, Michael and Moroz, Daniel J and Rao, Rithvik and Parkes, David C. 2019
0
88.Winkle: Foiling Long-Range Attacks in Proof-of-Stake Systems Sarah Azouvi and George Danezis and Valeria Nikolaenko. 2019
0
89.Short Selling Attack: A Self-Destructive But Profitable 51% Attack On PoS Blockchains Suhyeon Lee and Seungjoo Kim. 2020
0