A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-12-10

#Title
Citations
1.Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and David, Bernardo and Oliynykov, Roman. 2017
448
2.A survey of attacks on ethereum smart contracts (sok) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2017
435
3.Algorand: Scaling byzantine agreements for cryptocurrencies Gilad, Yossi and Hemo, Rotem and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2017
364
4.A survey on the security of blockchain systems Li, Xiaoqi and Jiang, Peng and Chen, Ting and Luo, Xiapu and Wen, Qiaoyan. 2017
284
5.Do you need a Blockchain? Wüst, Karl and Gervais, Arthur. 2017
260
6.A taxonomy of blockchain-based systems for architecture design Xu, Xiwei and Weber, Ingo and Staples, Mark and Zhu, Liming and Bosch, Jan and Bass, Len and Pautasso, Cesare and Rimba, Paul. 2017
232
7.Blockchain consensus protocols in the wild Cachin, Christian and Vukoli\'c, Marko. 2017
222
8.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
192
9.Casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik and Griffith, Virgil. 2017
192
10.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
163
11.A smart contract for boardroom voting with maximum voter privacy McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2017
150
12.Hybrid consensus: Efficient consensus in the permissionless model Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2017
142
13.The blockchain folk theorem Biais, Bruno and Bisi\`ere, Christophe and Bouvard, Matthieu and Casamatta, Catherine. 2017
136
14.Scalable zero knowledge via cycles of elliptic curves Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2017
123
15.Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts Poon, Joseph and Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
123
16.Consensus in the age of blockchains Bano, Shehar and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Danezis, George. 2017
122
17.Defining the ethereum virtual machine for interactive theorem provers Hirai, Yoichi. 2017
107
18.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
102
19.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
89
20.Under-optimized smart contracts devour your money Chen, Ting and Li, Xiaoqi and Luo, Xiapu and Zhang, Xiaosong. 2017
89
21.A traceability analysis of monero’s blockchain Kumar, Amrit and Fischer, Cl\'ement and Tople, Shruti and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
79
22.Ligero: Lightweight sublinear arguments without a trusted setup Ames, Scott and Hazay, Carmit and Ishai, Yuval and Venkitasubramaniam, Muthuramakrishnan. 2017
76
23.Thunderella: Blockchains with Optimistic Instant Confirmation Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2017
72
24.RingCT 2.0: A Compact Accumulator-Based (Linkable Ring Signature) Protocol for Blockchain Cryptocurrency Monero Sun, Shi-Feng and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Joseph K and Yuen, Tsz Hon. 2017
69
25.Chainspace: A Sharded Smart Contracts Platform Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Hrycyszyn, Dave and Danezis, George. 2017
68
26.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
65
27.KEVM: A Complete Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine Hildenbrandt, Everett and Saxena, Manasvi and Zhu, Xiaoran and Rodrigues, Nishant and Daian, Philip and Guth, Dwight and Rosu, Grigore. 2017
60
28.A concurrent perspective on smart contracts Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas. 2017
59
29.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
55
30.Online detection of effectively callback free objects with applications to smart contracts Grossman, Shelly and Abraham, Ittai and Golan-Gueta, Guy and Michalevsky, Yan and Rinetzky, Noam and Sagiv, Mooly and Zohar, Yoni. 2017
55
31.SMART POOL : Practical Decentralized Pooled Mining Luu, Loi and Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
54
32.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
52
33.A scalable verification solution for blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Reitwie\ssner, Christian. 2017
52
34.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
52
35.SCPKI: A smart contract-based PKI and identity system Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2017
52
36.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
50
37.Designing secure Ethereum smart contracts: A finite state machine based approach Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron. 2017
47
38.Ouroboros Praos: An adaptively-secure, semi-synchronous proof-of-stake protocol Bernardo David and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2017
44
39.Snarky Signatures: Minimal Signatures of Knowledge from Simulation-Extractable SNARKs Jens Groth and Mary Maller. 2017
42
40.Simplicity: A new language for blockchains O'Connor, Russell. 2017
41
41.Fast secure two-party ECDSA signing Lindell, Yehuda. 2017
39
42.Zero-Knowledge Contingent Payments Revisited: Attacks and Payments for Services Matteo Campanelli and Rosario Gennaro and Steven Goldfeder and Luca Nizzardo. 2017
38
43.Taxonomy of blockchain technologies. Principles of identification and classification Tasca, Paolo and Tessone, Claudio J. 2017
38
44.Non-interactive proofs of proof-of-work Aggelos Kiayias and Andrew Miller and Dionysis Zindros. 2017
37
45.Subversion-zero-knowledge SNARKs Georg Fuchsbauer. 2017
35
46.Socially Optimal Mining Pools Ben A. Fisch and Rafael Pass and Abhi Shelat. 2017
34
47.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
34
48.A Subversion-Resistant SNARK Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Michal Zajac. 2017
33
49.Instantaneous Decentralized Poker Iddo Bentov and Ranjit Kumaresan and Andrew Miller. 2017
32
50.Doubly-efficient zkSNARKs without trusted setup Riad S. Wahby and Ioanna Tzialla and abhi shelat and Justin Thaler and Michael Walfish. 2017
32
51.0x: An open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain Warren, Will and Bandeali, Amir. 2017
32
52.Tesseract: Real-Time Cryptocurrency Exchange using Trusted Hardware. Bentov, Iddo and Ji, Yan and Zhang, Fan and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Daian, Philip and Juels, Ari. 2017
31
53.Scalable Multi-party Computation for zk-SNARK Parameters in the Random Beacon Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon and Ian Miers. 2017
30
54.Bulletproofs: Efficient range proofs for confidential transactions B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2017
30
55.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
29
56.Short paper: Service-oriented sharding for blockchains Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2017
29
57.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
28
58.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
26
59.Decentralized anonymous micropayments Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Liu, Jingcheng and Miao, Peihan and Miers, Ian and Mishra, Pratyush. 2017
26
60.Anonymous alone? measuring Bitcoin’s second-generation anonymization techniques M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2017
26
61.Obsidian: a safer blockchain programming language Coblenz, Michael. 2017
24
62.M{\"o}bius: Trustless Tumbling for Transaction Privacy Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2017
24
63.A user-centric system for verified identities on the bitcoin blockchain Augot, Daniel and Chabanne, Herv\'e and Chenevier, Thomas and George, William and Lambert, Laurent. 2017
23
64.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
22
65.Proofs-of-delay and randomness beacons in ethereum B\"unz, Benedikt and Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph. 2017
21
66.TwinsCoin: A Cryptocurrency via Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake Chepurnoy, Alexander and Duong, Tuyet and Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2017
20
67.Ethereum smart contracts: Security vulnerabilities and security tools Dika, Ardit. 2017
20
68.Constant-deposit multiparty lotteries on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2017
19
69.Mind your credit: Assessing the health of the ripple credit network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Modi, Navin and Songhela, Raghuvir and Kate, Aniket and Fahmy, Sonia. 2017
18
70.Porosity: A decompiler for blockchain-based smart contracts bytecode Suiche, Matt. 2017
18
71.Strain: A Secure Auction for Blockchains Erik-Oliver Blass and Florian Kerschbaum. 2017
17
72.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
17
73.Atomically Trading with Roger: Gambling on the success of a hardfork Patrick McCorry and Ethan Heilman and Andrew Miller. 2017
16
74.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
12
75.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
10
76.Casper the friendly ghost: A correct by construction blockchain consensus protocol Zamfir, Vlad. 2017
10
77.Proofs of Work for Blockchain Protocols Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2017
9
78.Obscuro: A Bitcoin Mixer using Trusted Execution Environments Muoi Tran and Loi Luu and Min Suk Kang and Iddo Bentov and Prateek Saxena. 2017
9
79.SilentWhispers: Enforcing security and privacy in credit networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo. 2017
9
80.A Proof-of-Stake protocol for consensus on Bitcoin subchains Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2017
9
81.(Short Paper) PieceWork: Generalized Outsourcing Control for Proofs of Work Philip Daian and Ittay Eyal and Ari Juels and Emin G\"un Sirer. 2017
8
82.Kaleidoscope: An Efficient Poker Protocol with Payment Distribution and Penalty Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2017
8
83.An Empirical Analysis of Linkability in the Monero Blockchain Andrew Miller and Malte M\"oser and Kevin Lee and Arvind Narayanan. 2017
8
84.Z-Channel: Scalable and Efficient Scheme in Zerocash Yuncong Zhang and Yu Long and Zhen Liu and Zhiqiang Liu and Dawu Gu. 2017
8
85.Anonymous Post-Quantum Cryptocash. Zhang, Huang and Zhang, Fangguo and Tian, Haibo and Au, Man Ho. 2017
8
86.Rational proofs of space-time Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2017
7
87.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
88.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
89.Using level-1 homomorphic encryption to improve threshold dsa signatures for bitcoin wallet security Boneh, Dan and Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven. 2017
7
90.The Transaction Graph for Modeling Blockchain Semantics Christian Cachin and Angelo De Caro and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Bj\"orn Tackmann and Marko Vukoli\'c. 2017
6
91.Public Accountability vs. Secret Laws: Can They Coexist?: A Cryptographic Proposal Goldwasser, Shafi and Park, Sunoo. 2017
6
92.Forkable Strings are Rare. Russell, Alexander and Moore, Cristopher and Kiayias, Aggelos and Quader, Saad. 2017
6
93.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
5
94.Decentralized Blacklistable Anonymous Credentials with Reputation Yang, Rupeng and Au, Man Ho and Xu, Qiuliang and Yu, Zuoxia. 2017
5
95.Pathshuffle: Mixing credit paths for anonymous transactions in ripple Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket. 2017
5
96.Time-Memory Tradeoff Attacks on the MTP Proof-of-Work Scheme Itai Dinur and Niv Nadler. 2017
4
97.A Nonoutsourceable Puzzle under GHOST Rule Zeng, Gongxian and Yiu, Siu Ming and Zhang, Jun and Kuzuno, Hiroki and Au, Man Ho. 2017
4
98.Switch Commitments: A Safety Switch for Confidential Transactions Ruffing, Tim and Malavolta, Giulio. 2017
4
99.Beigepaper: An Ethereum Technical Specification Dameron, Micah. 2017
4
100.On decentralized oracles for data availability Teutsch, Jason. 2017
4
101.Incentives in casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
4
102.Why You Can't Beat Blockchains: Consistency and High Availability in Distributed Systems Girault, Alain and G\"ossler, Gregor and Guerraoui, Rachid and Hamza, Jad and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian. 2017
3
103.Sharding PoW-based Blockchains via Proofs of Knowledge Frederik Armknecht and Jens-Matthias Bohli and Ghassan O. Karame and Wenting Li. 2017
2
104.On Space-Scarce Economy In Blockchain Systems Alexander Chepurnoy and Dmitry Meshkov. 2017
2
105.Efficient Algorithms for Broadcast and Consensus Based on Proofs of Work Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss. 2017
2
106.Load Thresholds for Cuckoo Hashing with Overlapping Blocks Walzer, S.. 2017
2
107.Towards a Smart Contract-based, Decentralized, Public-Key Infrastructure Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Roussopoulos, Mema and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2017
2
108.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
2
109.Bancor Protocol Hertzog, Eyal and Benartzi, Guy and Benartzi, Galia. 2017
0
110.ON DEPLOYING SUCCINCT ZERO-KNOWLEDGE PROOFS Madars Virza. 2017
0