A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-12-10

#Title
Citations
1.Ethereum: a secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger Wood, Gavin. 2014
1945
2.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014
1187
3.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
1067
4.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014
846
5.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
791
6.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol : Analysis and Applications Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos. 2014
676
7.Ipfs-content addressed, versioned, p2p file system Benet, Juan. 2014
407
8.The Ripple protocol consensus algorithm Schwartz, D and Youngs, N and Britto, A. 2014
299
9.Secure multiparty computations on bitcoin Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
288
10.Proof of Activity: Extending Bitcoin's Proof of Work via Proof of Stake Bentov, Iddo and Lee, Charles and Mizrahi, Alex and Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
284
11.Enabling blockchain innovations with pegged sidechains Back, A and Corallo, M and Dashjr, L. 2014
275
12.Deanonymisation of clients in Bitcoin P2P network Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Pustogarov, Ivan. 2014
272
13.The Miner's Dilemma Eyal, Ittay. 2014
267
14.Mixcoin: Anonymity for bitcoin with accountable mixes Bonneau, Joseph and Narayanan, Arvind and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2014
243
15.Succinct Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge for a von Neumann Architecture. Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
238
16.An analysis of anonymity in bitcoin using p2p network traffic Koshy, Philip and Koshy, Diana and McDaniel, Patrick. 2014
231
17.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
226
18.How to use Bitcoin to design fair protocols Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit. 2014
216
19.CoinShuffle: Practical decentralized coin mixing for bitcoin Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2014
205
20.Is bitcoin a decentralized currency? Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and Capkun, Vedran and Capkun, Srdjan. 2014
204
21.Permacoin: Repurposing bitcoin work for data preservation Miller, Andrew and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine and Parno, Bryan and Katz, Jonathan. 2014
199
22.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
123
23.Empirical analysis of denial-of-service attacks in the Bitcoin ecosystem Vasek, Marie and Thornton, Micah and Moore, Tyler. 2014
116
24.Fair two-party computations via bitcoin deposits Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
112
25.A Decentralized Public Key Infrastructure with Identity Retention. Fromknecht, Conner and Velicanu, Dragos and Yakoubov, Sophia. 2014
109
26.Anonymous Byzantine Consensus from Moderately-Hard Puzzles: A Model for Bitcoin Miller, Andrew and Jr, Jj LaViola. 2014
82
27.How did dread pirate roberts acquire and protect his bitcoin wealth? Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2014
47
28.On The Longest Chain Rule and Programmed Self-Destruction of Crypto Currencies Courtois, Nicolas T. 2014
41
29.Certified Bitcoins Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faonio, Antonio and Magri, Bernardo and de Medeiros, Breno. 2014
31
30.Modeling bitcoin contracts by timed automata Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2014
28
31.Distributed Cryptography Based on the Proofs of Work. Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan. 2014
23
32.Increasing anonymity in bitcoin Saxena, Amitabh and Misra, Janardan and Dhar, Aritra. 2014
23
33.Darkcoin : Peer ­ to ­ Peer Crypto ­ Currency with Anonymous Blockchain Transactions and an Improved Proof ­ of ­ Work System Duffield, Evan and Hagan, Kyle. 2014
19
34.Rational zero: Economic security for zerocoin with everlasting anonymity Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Rubin, Aviel D. 2014
16
35.Tezos -- a self-amending crypto-ledger Goodman, L.M.. 2014
14