A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-09-19

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008
7253
2.Ethereum: a secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger Wood, Gavin. 2014
1646
3.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014
1056
4.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
911
5.Hawk: The blockchain model of cryptography and privacy-preserving smart contracts Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine and Wen, Zikai and Papamanthou, Charalampos. 2016
800
6.An analysis of anonymity in the bitcoin system Reid, F and Harrigan, M. 2013
775
7.Decentralizing privacy: Using blockchain to protect personal data Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and others. 2015
773
8.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
697
9.Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies: a comprehensive introduction Narayanan, Arvind and Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward and Miller, Andrew and Goldfeder, Steven. 2016
694
10.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014
679
11.Quantitative analysis of the full bitcoin transaction graph Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2013
642
12.Formalizing and securing relationships on public networks Szabo, Nick. 1997
625
13.Hashcash - A Denial of Service Counter-Measure Back, Adam. 2002
614
14.SoK: Research perspectives and challenges for bitcoin and cryptocurrencies Bonneau, Joseph and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Narayanan, Arvind and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2015
611
15.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol : Analysis and Applications Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos. 2014
589
16.Information propagation in the Bitcoin network Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2013
576
17.Zerocoin: Anonymous distributed e-cash from bitcoin Miers, Ian and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Rubin, Aviel D. 2013
552
18.Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Sirer, Emin Gün and van Renesse, Robbert. 2016
548
19.On Scaling Decentralized Blockchains Croman, Kyle and Decker, Christian and Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Saxena, Prateek and Shi, Elaine and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2016
536
20.Making smart contracts smarter Luu, Loi and Chu, Duc-Hiep and Olickel, Hrishi and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2016
516
21.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
511
22.Pinocchio: Nearly practical verifiable computation Parno, Bryan and Howell, Jon and Gentry, Craig and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
494
23.On the security and performance of proof of work blockchains Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and W\"ust, Karl and Glykantzis, Vasileios and Ritzdorf, Hubert and Capkun, Srdjan. 2016
431
24.Evaluating user privacy in bitcoin Androulaki, Elli and Karame, Ghassan O and Roeschlin, Marc and Scherer, Tobias and Capkun, Srdjan. 2013
420
25.The economics of Bitcoin mining, or Bitcoin in the presence of adversaries Kroll, Joshua A and Davey, Ian C and Felten, Edward W. 2013
369
26.Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and David, Bernardo and Oliynykov, Roman. 2017
364
27.Quadratic span programs and succinct NIZKs without PCPs Gennaro, Rosario and Gentry, Craig and Parno, Bryan and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
355
28.A Survey of Attacks on Ethereum Smart Contracts (SoK) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2016
354
29.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
336
30.Ipfs-content addressed, versioned, p2p file system Benet, Juan. 2014
333
31.Ppcoin: Peer-to-peer crypto-currency with proof-of-stake King, Sunny and Nadal, Scott. 2012
321
32.Eclipse Attacks on Bitcoin's Peer-to-Peer Network Heilman, Ethan and Kendler, Alison and Zohar, Aviv and Goldberg, Sharon. 2015
311
33.SNARKs for C: Verifying program executions succinctly and in zero knowledge Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Genkin, Daniel and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2013
310
34.Algorand: Scaling byzantine agreements for cryptocurrencies Gilad, Yossi and Hemo, Rotem and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2017
287
35.Algorand Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2016
287
36.Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gailly, Nicolas and Khoffi, Ismail and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2016
276
37.Secure multiparty computations on bitcoin Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
265
38.Separating succinct non-interactive arguments from all falsifiable assumptions Gentry, Craig and Wichs, Daniel. 2011
265
39.Step by step towards creating a safe smart contract: Lessons and insights from a cryptocurrency lab Delmolino, Kevin and Arnett, Mitchell and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine. 2016
264
40.Optimal Selfish Mining Strategies in Bitcoin Sapirshtein, Ayelet and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
264
41.A secure sharding protocol for open blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Zheng, Chaodong and Baweja, Kunal and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
256
42.Short pairing-based non-interactive zero-knowledge arguments Groth, Jens. 2010
248
43.Proof of Activity: Extending Bitcoin's Proof of Work via Proof of Stake Bentov, Iddo and Lee, Charles and Mizrahi, Alex and Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
246
44.The Ripple protocol consensus algorithm Schwartz, D and Youngs, N and Britto, A. 2014
245
45.Analysis of the Blockchain Protocol in Asynchronous Networks Pass, Rafael and Seeman, Lior and abhi Shelat. 2016
241
46.Deanonymisation of clients in Bitcoin P2P network Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Pustogarov, Ivan. 2014
237
47.Enabling blockchain innovations with pegged sidechains Back, A and Corallo, M and Dashjr, L. 2014
235
48.The Miner's Dilemma Eyal, Ittay. 2014
233
49.On Bitcoin and red balloons Babaioff, Moshe and Dobzinski, Shahar and Oren, Sigal and Zohar, Aviv. 2011
227
50.Mixcoin: Anonymity for bitcoin with accountable mixes Bonneau, Joseph and Narayanan, Arvind and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2014
220
51.Enigma: Decentralized computation platform with guaranteed privacy Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and Pentland, Alex. 2015
220
52.An analysis of anonymity in bitcoin using p2p network traffic Koshy, Philip and Koshy, Diana and McDaniel, Patrick. 2014
216
53.A survey on the security of blockchain systems Li, Xiaoqi and Jiang, Peng and Chen, Ting and Luo, Xiapu and Wen, Qiaoyan. 2017
216
54.Formal verification of smart contracts: Short paper Bhargavan, Karthikeyan and Delignat-Lavaud, Antoine and Fournet, C\'edric and Gollamudi, Anitha and Gonthier, Georges and Kobeissi, Nadim and Kulatova, Natalia and Rastogi, Aseem and Sibut-Pinote, Thomas and Swamy, Nikhil and others. 2016
214
55.Succinct Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge for a von Neumann Architecture. Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
210
56.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
205
57.Town crier: An authenticated data feed for smart contracts Zhang, Fan and Cecchetti, Ethan and Croman, Kyle and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
205
58.The honey badger of BFT protocols Miller, Andrew and Xia, Yu and Croman, Kyle and Shi, Elaine and Song, Dawn. 2016
200
59.How to use Bitcoin to design fair protocols Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit. 2014
195
60.A taxonomy of blockchain-based systems for architecture design Xu, Xiwei and Weber, Ingo and Staples, Mark and Zhu, Liming and Bosch, Jan and Bass, Len and Pautasso, Cesare and Rimba, Paul. 2017
191
61.Do you need a Blockchain? Wüst, Karl and Gervais, Arthur. 2017
189
62.Analysis of bitcoin pooled mining reward systems Rosenfeld, Meni. 2011
189
63.The stellar consensus protocol: A federated model for internet-level consensus Mazieres, David. 2015
187
64.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
186
65.CoinShuffle: Practical decentralized coin mixing for bitcoin Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2014
179
66.Is bitcoin a decentralized currency? Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and Capkun, Vedran and Capkun, Srdjan. 2014
179
67.Permacoin: Repurposing bitcoin work for data preservation Miller, Andrew and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine and Parno, Bryan and Katz, Jonathan. 2014
178
68.Cryptocurrencies without proof of work Bentov, Iddo and Gabizon, Ariel and Mizrahi, Alex. 2016
177
69.A survey on security and privacy issues of bitcoin Conti, Mauro and Kumar, E Sandeep and Lal, Chhagan and Ruj, Sushmita. 2018
176
70.Recursive composition and bootstrapping for SNARKs and proof-carrying data Bitansky, Nir and Canetti, Ran and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran. 2013
170
71.Blockchain consensus protocols in the wild Cachin, Christian and Vukoli\'c, Marko. 2017
169
72.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
163
73.Inclusive block chain protocols Lewenberg, Yoad and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
162
74.Succinct non-interactive arguments via linear interactive proofs Bitansky, Nir and Chiesa, Alessandro and Ishai, Yuval and Paneth, Omer and Ostrovsky, Rafail. 2013
162
75.Centrally banked cryptocurrencies Danezis, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2015
161
76.Casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik and Griffith, Virgil. 2017
148
77.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
140
78.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
138
79.Proofs of Space Dziembowski, Stefan and Faust, Sebastian and Kolmogorov, Vladimir and Pietrzak, Krzysztof. 2015
138
80.On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward Carlsten, Miles and Kalodner, Harry and Weinberg, S Matthew and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
128
81.Demystifying incentives in the consensus computer Luu, Loi and Teutsch, Jason and Kulkarni, Raghav and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
122
82.Have a Snack, Pay with Bitcoins Bamert, Tobias and Decker, Christian and Elsen, Lennart and Wattenhofer, Roger and Welten, Samuel. 2013
120
83.Hybrid consensus: Efficient consensus in the permissionless model Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2017
118
84.Geppetto: Versatile verifiable computation Costello, Craig and Fournet, C\'edric and Howell, Jon and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kreuter, Benjamin and Naehrig, Michael and Parno, Bryan and Zahur, Samee. 2015
117
85.Fruitchains: A fair blockchain Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
115
86.Omniledger: A secure, scale-out, decentralized ledger via sharding Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Gailly, Nicolas and Syta, Ewa and Ford, Bryan. 2018
114
87.Scalable zero knowledge via cycles of elliptic curves Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2017
113
88.A smart contract for boardroom voting with maximum voter privacy McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2017
113
89.Snow White: Provably Secure Proofs of Stake. Bentov, Iddo and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
112
90.Difficulty control for blockchain-based consensus systems Kraft, Daniel. 2016
109
91.Fair two-party computations via bitcoin deposits Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
106
92.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
106
93.The blockchain folk theorem Biais, Bruno and Bisi\`ere, Christophe and Bouvard, Matthieu and Casamatta, Catherine. 2017
104
94.Empirical analysis of denial-of-service attacks in the Bitcoin ecosystem Vasek, Marie and Thornton, Micah and Moore, Tyler. 2014
104
95.Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts Poon, Joseph and Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
100
96.CryptoNote v 2.0 Saberhagen, Nicolas Van. 2013
99
97.Consensus in the age of blockchains Bano, Shehar and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Danezis, George. 2017
99
98.Tendermint: Byzantine fault tolerance in the age of blockchains Buchman, Ethan. 2016
98
99.Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with prime number proof-of-work King, Sunny. 2013
96
100.Finding The Greedy, Prodigal, and Suicidal Contracts at Scale Nikolic, Ivica and Kolluri, Aashish and Sergey, Ilya and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
95
101.Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing. Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, A. 2013
95
102.A Decentralized Public Key Infrastructure with Identity Retention. Fromknecht, Conner and Velicanu, Dragos and Yakoubov, Sophia. 2014
94
103.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
92
104.Defining the ethereum virtual machine for interactive theorem provers Hirai, Yoichi. 2017
91
105.Zeus: Analyzing safety of smart contracts Kalra, Sukrit and Goel, Seep and Dhawan, Mohan and Sharma, Subodh. 2018
90
106.On the size of pairing-based non-interactive arguments Groth, Jens. 2016
89
107.Efficient RAM and control flow in verifiable outsourced computation. Wahby, Riad S and Setty, Srinath TV and Ren, Zuocheng and Blumberg, Andrew J and Walfish, Michael. 2015
89
108.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
88
109.Pinocchio coin Danezis, George and Fournet, Cedric and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Parno, Bryan. 2013
84
110.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
84
111.Bulletproofs: Short proofs for confidential transactions and more B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2018
83
112.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
82
113.Decentralization in bitcoin and ethereum networks Gencer, Adem Efe and Basu, Soumya and Eyal, Ittay and Van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
82
114.Speed-Security Tradeoffs in Blockchain Protocols Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2015
81
115.The ring of gyges: Investigating the future of criminal smart contracts Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Shi, Elaine. 2016
80
116.On Bitcoin as a public randomness source. Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Goldfeder, Steven. 2015
77
117.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
77
118.Anonymous Byzantine Consensus from Moderately-Hard Puzzles: A Model for Bitcoin Miller, Andrew and Jr, Jj LaViola. 2014
76
119.Securify: Practical Security Analysis of Smart Contracts Tsankov, Petar and Dan, Andrei and Cohen, Dana Drachsler and Gervais, Arthur and Buenzli, Florian and Vechev, Martin. 2018
75
120.Theoretical Bitcoin Attacks with less than Half of the Computational Power (draft) Lear Bahack. 2013
75
121.Proofs of Space: When Space is of the Essence Ateniese, Giuseppe and Bonacina, Ilario and Faonio, Antonio and Galesi, Nicola. 2013
74
122.ZKBoo: Faster Zero-Knowledge for Boolean Circuits. Giacomelli, Irene and Madsen, Jesper and Orlandi, Claudio. 2016
74
123.Spacecoin : A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Park, Sunoo and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Alwen, Joel and Fuchsbauer, Georg and Gazi, Peter. 2015
74
124.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016
73
125.Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions Miller, Andrew and Kosba, Ahmed and Katz, Jonathan and Shi, Elaine. 2015
73
126.Scalable, transparent, and post-quantum secure computational integrity Eli Ben-Sasson and Iddo Bentov and Yinon Horesh and Michael Riabzev. 2018
72
127.Threshold-optimal DSA/ECDSA signatures and an application to Bitcoin wallet security Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
71
128.Secure sampling of public parameters for succinct zero knowledge proofs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2015
69
129.Under-optimized smart contracts devour your money Chen, Ting and Li, Xiaoqi and Luo, Xiapu and Zhang, Xiaosong. 2017
69
130.Incentive Compatibility of Bitcoin Mining Pool Reward Functions Schrijvers, Okke and Bonneau, Joseph and Boneh, Dan and Roughgarden, Tim. 2016
68
131.Succinct non-interactive zero knowledge arguments from span programs and linear error-correcting codes Lipmaa, Helger. 2013
64
132.High Parallel Complexity Graphs and Memory-Hard Functions Alwen, Jo\"el and Serbinenko, Vladimir. 2015
63
133.Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2015
61
134.Ligero: Lightweight sublinear arguments without a trusted setup Ames, Scott and Hazay, Carmit and Ishai, Yuval and Venkitasubramaniam, Muthuramakrishnan. 2017
60
135.Ekiden: A Platform for Confidentiality-Preserving, Trustworthy, and Performant Smart Contracts Cheng, Raymond and Zhang, Fan and Kos, Jernej and He, Warren and Hynes, Nicholas and Johnson, Noah and Juels, Ari and Miller, Andrew and Song, Dawn. 2019
60
136.Towards Verifying Ethereum Smart Contract Bytecode in Isabelle/HOL Amani, Sidney and B\'egel, Myriam and Bortin, Maksym and Staples, Mark. 2018
58
137.A Semantic Framework for the Security Analysis of Ethereum smart contracts Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
58
138.Thunderella: Blockchains with Optimistic Instant Confirmation Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2017
58
139.One-out-of-many proofs: Or how to leak a secret and spend a coin Groth, Jens and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2015
56
140.Chainspace: A Sharded Smart Contracts Platform Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Hrycyszyn, Dave and Danezis, George. 2017
54
141.RingCT 2.0: A Compact Accumulator-Based (Linkable Ring Signature) Protocol for Blockchain Cryptocurrency Monero Sun, Shi-Feng and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Joseph K and Yuen, Tsz Hon. 2017
53
142.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
51
143.SMART POOL : Practical Decentralized Pooled Mining Luu, Loi and Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
51
144.When bitcoin mining pools run dry Laszka, Aron and Johnson, Benjamin and Grossklags, Jens. 2015
51
145.Solidus: An Incentive-compatible Cryptocurrency Based on Permissionless Byzantine Consensus Abraham, Ittai and Malkhi, Dahlia and Nayak, Kartik and Ren, Ling and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2016
50
146.Rapidchain: Scaling blockchain via full sharding Zamani, Mahdi and Movahedi, Mahnush and Raykova, Mariana. 2018
50
147.Ring Signature Confidential Transactions for Monero Shen Noether. 2015
49
148.SCPKI: A smart contract-based PKI and identity system Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2017
49
149.A concurrent perspective on smart contracts Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas. 2017
49
150.Verifiable Delay Functions Dan Boneh, Joseph Bonneau, Benedikt Bünz, Ben Fisch. 2018
48
151.Zcash protocol specification Hopwood, Daira and Bowe, Sean and Hornby, Taylor and Wilcox, Nathan. 2016
48
152.On Trees, Chains and Fast Transactions in the Blockchain Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2016
47
153.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
47
154.KEVM: A Complete Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine Hildenbrandt, Everett and Saxena, Manasvi and Zhu, Xiaoran and Rodrigues, Nishant and Daian, Philip and Guth, Dwight and Rosu, Grigore. 2017
46
155.Scilla: a Smart Contract Intermediate-Level LAnguage Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
46
156.Mastering ethereum: building smart contracts and dapps Antonopoulos, Andreas M and Wood, Gavin. 2018
46
157.Atomic cross-chain swaps Herlihy, Maurice. 2018
46
158.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits in the discrete log setting Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Chaidos, Pyrros and Groth, Jens and Petit, Christophe. 2016
45
159.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
45
160.Publicly Verifiable Proofs of Sequential Work Mahmoody, Mohammad and Moran, Tal and Vadhan, Salil. 2013
45
161.How did dread pirate roberts acquire and protect his bitcoin wealth? Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2014
45
162.A protocol for interledger payments Thomas, Stefan and Schwartz, Evan. 2015
43
163.On the Malleability of Bitcoin Transactions Marcin Andrychowicz and Stefan Dziembowski and Daniel Malinowski and Lukasz Mazurek. 2015
42
164.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
42
165.Bitcoin's security model revisited Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
42
166.Sealed-Glass Proofs: Using Transparent Enclaves to Prove and Sell Knowledge. Tramer, Florian and Zhang, Fan and Lin, Huang and Hubaux, Jean-Pierre and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
41
167.Designing secure Ethereum smart contracts: A finite state machine based approach Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron. 2017
41
168.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
40
169.Ouroboros Praos: An adaptively-secure, semi-synchronous proof-of-stake protocol Bernardo David and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2017
40
170.A scalable verification solution for blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Reitwie\ssner, Christian. 2017
40
171.Liar, liar, coins on fire!: Penalizing equivocation by loss of bitcoins Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket and Schr\"oder, Dominique. 2015
40
172.Polkadot: Vision for a heterogeneous multi-chain framework Wood, Gavin. 2016
40
173.Polkadot: Vision for a heterogeneous multi-chain framework Wood, Gavin. 2016
40
174.On The Longest Chain Rule and Programmed Self-Destruction of Crypto Currencies Courtois, Nicolas T. 2014
39
175.DFINITY Technology Overview Series, Consensus System Hanke, Timo and Movahedi, Mahnush and Williams, Dominic. 2018
39
176.An Empirical Analysis of Anonymity in Zcash Kappos, George and Yousaf, Haaroon and Maller, Mary and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
39
177.Privacy preserving payments in credit networks Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Pecina, Kim. 2015
39
178.Accountable privacy for decentralized anonymous payments Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2016
37
179.Balloon Hashing: A Memory-Hard Function Providing Provable Protection Against Sequential Attacks Boneh, Dan and Corrigan-Gibbs, Henry and Schechter, Stuart. 2016
36
180.SpaceMint: A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Sunoo Park and Albert Kwon and Georg Fuchsbauer and Peter Gaži and Joël Alwen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2015
36
181.Smart contracts: security patterns in the ethereum ecosystem and solidity Wohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2018
36
182.Chain interoperability Buterin, Vitalik. 2016
36
183.EthIKS: Using Ethereum to audit a CONIKS key transparency log Bonneau, Joseph. 2016
34
184.A multi-party protocol for constructing the public parameters of the Pinocchio zk-SNARK Bowe, Sean and Gabizon, Ariel and Green, Matthew D. 2018
33
185.Snarky Signatures: Minimal Signatures of Knowledge from Simulation-Extractable SNARKs Jens Groth and Mary Maller. 2017
32
186.Non-interactive proofs of proof-of-work Aggelos Kiayias and Andrew Miller and Dionysis Zindros. 2017
32
187.Cosmos: A network of distributed ledgers Kwon, Jae and Buchman, Ethan. 2016
32
188.Provisions: Privacy-preserving Proofs of Solvency for Bitcoin Exchanges Dagher, Gaby G and Bünz, Benedikt and Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Boneh, Dan. 2015
31
189.Socially Optimal Mining Pools Ben A. Fisch and Rafael Pass and Abhi Shelat. 2017
31
190.Bitmessage: A Peer-to-Peer Message Authentication and Delivery System Warren, Jonathan. 2012
31
191.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
31
192.Zero-Knowledge Contingent Payments Revisited: Attacks and Payments for Services Matteo Campanelli and Rosario Gennaro and Steven Goldfeder and Luca Nizzardo. 2017
30
193.SBFT: a Scalable Decentralized Trust Infrastructure for Blockchains Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai and Grossman, Shelly and Malkhi, Dahlia and Pinkas, Benny and Reiter, Michael K and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian and Tamir, Orr and Tomescu, Alin. 2018
30
194.PHANTOM: A Scalable BlockDAG Protocol Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. 2018
30
195.Listening to whispers of ripple: Linking wallets and deanonymizing transactions in the ripple network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Zafar, Muhammad Bilal and Kate, Aniket. 2016
30
196.ContractFuzzer: fuzzing smart contracts for vulnerability detection Jiang, Bo and Liu, Ye and Chan, WK. 2018
30
197.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
30
198.teether: Gnawing at ethereum to automatically exploit smart contracts Krupp, Johannes and Rossow, Christian. 2018
30
199.Certified Bitcoins Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faonio, Antonio and Magri, Bernardo and de Medeiros, Breno. 2014
29
200.Ouroboros Genesis: Composable Proof-of-Stake Blockchains with Dynamic Availability Christian Badertscher and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2018
29
201.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
29
202.Taxonomy of blockchain technologies. Principles of identification and classification Tasca, Paolo and Tessone, Claudio J. 2017
29
203.Instantaneous Decentralized Poker Iddo Bentov and Ranjit Kumaresan and Andrew Miller. 2017
28
204.Bulletproofs: Efficient range proofs for confidential transactions B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2017
27
205.Low-Resource Eclipse Attacks on Ethereum’s Peer-to-Peer Network Marcus, Yuval and Heilman, Ethan and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
26
206.Doubly-efficient zkSNARKs without trusted setup Riad S. Wahby and Ioanna Tzialla and abhi shelat and Justin Thaler and Michael Walfish. 2017
26
207.Blockchain Access Privacy: Challenges and Directions Henry, Ryan and Herzberg, Amir and Kate, Aniket. 2018
26
208.Short paper: Service-oriented sharding for blockchains Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2017
26
209.Compact Multi-Signatures for Smaller Blockchains Dan Boneh and Manu Drijvers and Gregory Neven. 2018
25
210.Scalable Multi-party Computation for zk-SNARK Parameters in the Random Beacon Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon and Ian Miers. 2017
25
211.Mechanising Blockchain Consensus P\^\irlea, George and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
25
212.Simple verifiable delay functions Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. 2019
25
213.Strong federations: An interoperable blockchain solution to centralized third-party risks Dilley, Johnny and Poelstra, Andrew and Wilkins, Jonathan and Piekarska, Marta and Gorlick, Ben and Friedenbach, Mark. 2016
24
214.A Subversion-Resistant SNARK Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Michal Zajac. 2017
23
215.Subversion-zero-knowledge SNARKs Georg Fuchsbauer. 2017
23
216.Zero-Collateral Lotteries in Bitcoin and Ethereum Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo. 2016
23
217.0x: An open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain Warren, Will and Bandeali, Amir. 2017
23
218.Bancor Protocol Hertzog, Eyal and Benartzi, Guy and Benartzi, Galia. 2017
23
219.Modeling bitcoin contracts by timed automata Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2014
23
220.Increasing anonymity in bitcoin Saxena, Amitabh and Misra, Janardan and Dhar, Aritra. 2014
23
221.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
23
222.Tesseract: Real-Time Cryptocurrency Exchange using Trusted Hardware. Bentov, Iddo and Ji, Yan and Zhang, Fan and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Daian, Philip and Juels, Ari. 2017
23
223.Simple Proofs of Sequential Work Bram Cohen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2018
22
224.Distributed Cryptography Based on the Proofs of Work. Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan. 2014
22
225.Tezos -- a self-amending crypto-ledger Goodman, L.M.. 2014
22
226.Stake-Bleeding Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2018
21
227.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
21
228.M{\"o}bius: Trustless Tumbling for Transaction Privacy Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2017
21
229.Rethinking Large-Scale Consensus Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2018
21
230.SPECTRE: Serialization of Proof-of-work Events: Confirming Transactions via Recursive Elections Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Lewenberg, Yoad and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
21
231.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
21
232.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
21
233.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
21
234.Decentralized anonymous micropayments Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Liu, Jingcheng and Miao, Peihan and Miers, Ian and Mishra, Pratyush. 2017
21
235.Obsidian: a safer blockchain programming language Coblenz, Michael. 2017
20
236.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
20
237.IKP: Turning a PKI Around with Blockchains Stephanos Matsumoto and Raphael M. Reischuk. 2016
20
238.ZombieCoin: powering next-generation botnets with bitcoin Ali, Syed Taha and McCorry, Patrick and Lee, Peter Hyun-Jeen and Hao, Feng. 2015
20
239.Aurora: Transparent Succinct Arguments for R1CS Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Riabzev, Michael and Spooner, Nicholas and Virza, Madars and Ward, Nicholas P. 2018
20
240.Arbitrum: scalable, private smart contracts Kalodner, Harry and Goldfeder, Steven and Chen, Xiaoqi and Weinberg, S Matthew and Felten, Edward W. 2018
20
241.Erays: Reverse engineering ethereum’s opaque smart contracts Zhou, Yi and Kumar, Deepak and Bakshi, Surya and Mason, Joshua and Miller, Andrew and Bailey, Michael. 2018
20
242.A user-centric system for verified identities on the bitcoin blockchain Augot, Daniel and Chabanne, Herv\'e and Chenevier, Thomas and George, William and Lambert, Laurent. 2017
20
243.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
19
244.Cuckoo Cycle: a memory bound graph-theoretic proof-of-work Tromp, John. 2015
19
245.Hostile blockchain takeovers (short paper) Joseph Bonneau. 2018
19
246.Constant-deposit multiparty lotteries on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2017
19
247.Quasi-linear size zero knowledge from linear-algebraic PCPs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Gabizon, Ariel and Virza, Madars. 2016
19
248.Astraea: A decentralized blockchain oracle Adler, John and Berryhill, Ryan and Veneris, Andreas and Poulos, Zissis and Veira, Neil and Kastania, Anastasia. 2018
19
249.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
18
250.Darkcoin : Peer ­ to ­ Peer Crypto ­ Currency with Anonymous Blockchain Transactions and an Improved Proof ­ of ­ Work System Duffield, Evan and Hagan, Kyle. 2014
18
251.FairSwap: How to fairly exchange digital goods Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian. 2018
18
252.The Gap Game Tsabary, Itay and Eyal, Ittay. 2018
17
253.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
17
254.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
16
255.TwinsCoin: A Cryptocurrency via Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake Chepurnoy, Alexander and Duong, Tuyet and Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2017
16
256.zkLedger: Privacy-Preserving Auditing for Distributed Ledgers Neha Narula and Willy Vasquez and Madars Virza. 2018
16
257.Mind your credit: Assessing the health of the ripple credit network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Modi, Navin and Songhela, Raghuvir and Kate, Aniket and Fahmy, Sonia. 2017
16
258.A formal verification tool for Ethereum VM Bytecode Park, Daejun and Zhang, Yi and Saxena, Manasvi and Daian, Philip and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2018
16
259.Proofs-of-delay and randomness beacons in ethereum B\"unz, Benedikt and Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph. 2017
16
260.A Survey of Two Verifiable Delay Functions. Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Ben. 2018
16
261.Strain: A Secure Auction for Blockchains Erik-Oliver Blass and Florian Kerschbaum. 2017
15
262.Proofs of Proofs of Work with Sublinear Complexity Kiayias, Aggelos and Lamprou, Nikolaos and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2016
15
263.Agreement with Satoshi – On the Formalization of Nakamoto Consensus Nicholas Stifter and Aljosha Judmayer and Philipp Schindler and Alexei Zamyatin and Edgar Weippl. 2018
15
264.Empirical Vulnerability Analysis of Automated Smart Contracts Security Testing on Blockchains Parizi, Reza M and Dehghantanha, Ali and Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond and Singh, Amritraj. 2018
15
265.Formal verification of Deed contract in Ethereum name service Hirai, Yoichi. 2016
15
266.Rational zero: Economic security for zerocoin with everlasting anonymity Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Rubin, Aviel D. 2014
15
267.Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus Ling Ren. 2019
15
268.Why buy when you can rent? bribery attacks on bitcoin consensus Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward W and Goldfeder, Steven and Kroll, Joshua A and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
15
269.EthIR: A Framework for High-Level Analysis of Ethereum Bytecode Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Livshits, Benjamin and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
14
270.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
14
271.Atomically Trading with Roger: Gambling on the success of a hardfork Patrick McCorry and Ethan Heilman and Andrew Miller. 2017
14
272.Improving Authenticated Dynamic Dictionaries, with Applications to Cryptocurrencies Reyzin, Leonid and Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Ivanov, Sasha. 2016
14
273.ALGORAND AGREEMENT: Super Fast and Partition Resilient Byzantine Agreement. Chen, Jing and Gorbunov, Sergey and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios. 2018
14
274.Sub-linear lattice-based zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits Baum, Carsten and Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Del Pino, Rafa\"el and Groth, Jens and Lyubashevsky, Vadim. 2018
14
275.C$\emptyset$C$\emptyset$: A Framework for Building Composable Zero-Knowledge Proofs Ahmed Kosba and Zhichao Zhao and Andrew Miller and Yi Qian and Hubert Chan and Charalampos Papamanthou and Rafael Pass and abhi shelat and Elaine Shi. 2015
13
276.Bootstrapping the Blockchain, with Applications to Consensus and Fast PKI Setup Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2018
13
277.Channels: Horizontal scaling and confidentiality on permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Cachin, Christian and De Caro, Angelo and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios. 2018
13
278.Enter the Hydra: Towards Principled Bug Bounties and Exploit-Resistant Smart Contracts Breidenbach, Lorenz and Cornell Tech, IC and Daian, Philip and Tramer, Florian and Juels, Ari. 2018
12
279.PoReps: Proofs of Space on Useful Data Ben Fisch. 2018
12
280.Updatable and Universal Common Reference Strings with Applications to zk-SNARKs Jens Groth and Markulf Kohlweiss and Mary Maller and Sarah Meiklejohn and Ian Miers. 2018
12
281.How to Use SNARKs in Universally Composable Protocols. Kosba, Ahmed E and Zhao, Zhichao and Miller, Andrew and Qian, Yi and Chan, T-H Hubert and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Pass, Rafael and Shelat, Abhi and Shi, Elaine. 2015
12
282.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
12
283.A Better Method to Analyze Blockchain Consistency Kiffer, Lucianna and Rajaraman, Rajmohan and others. 2018
12
284.Raziel: private and verifiable smart contracts on blockchains S\'anchez, David Cerezo. 2018
12
285.Sonic: Zero-Knowledge SNARKs from Linear-Size Universal and Updateable Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary and Bowe, Sean and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2019
12
286.Interledger: Creating a standard for payments Hope-Bailie, Adrian and Thomas, Stefan. 2016
12
287.Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Composite Statements Shashank Agrawal and Chaya Ganesh and Payman Mohassel. 2018
11
288.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
11
289.Service-Oriented Sharding with Aspen Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
11
290.Reward Sharing Schemes for Stake Pools Br\"unjes, Lars and Kiayias, Aggelos and Koutsoupias, Elias and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2018
11
291.The Aztec Protocol Zachary J., Williamson. 2018
11
292.Lay down the common metrics: Evaluating proof-of-work consensus protocols’ security Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2019
11
293.Blockchain-Free Cryptocurrencies: A Framework for Truly Decentralised Fast Transactions Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2016
10
294.Chimeric Ledgers: Translating and Unifying UTXO-based and Account-based Cryptocurrencies Joachim Zahnentferner. 2018
10
295.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
10
296.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
10
297.Deconstructing the Blockchain to Approach Physical Limits Bagaria, Vivek and Kannan, Sreeram and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
10
298.Making bitcoin exchanges transparent Decker, Christian and Guthrie, James and Seidel, Jochen and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
10
299.The Thunder Protocol Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
10
300.Coconut: Threshold Issuance Selective Disclosure Credentials with Applications to Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Bano, Shehar and Danezis, George. 2018
10
301.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019
10
302.The Bitcoin brain drain: a short paper on the use and abuse of bitcoin brain wallets Vasek, Marie and Bonneau, Joseph and Castellucci, Ryan and Keith, Cameron and Moore, Tyler. 2016
10
303.Proofs of Work for Blockchain Protocols Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2017
9
304.Blockmania: from Block DAGs to Consensus Danezis, George and Hrycyszyn, David. 2018
9
305.SMT-Based Verification of Solidity Smart Contracts Alt, Leonardo and Reitwiessner, Christian. 2018
9
306.Sok: A consensus taxonomy in the blockchain era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2018
9
307.Confidential assets Poelstra, Andrew and Back, Adam and Friedenbach, Mark and Maxwell, Gregory and Wuille, Pieter. 2018
9
308.Proof-of-Stake Sidechains. Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
9
309.Towards safer smart contracts: A survey of languages and verification methods Harz, Dominik and Knottenbelt, William. 2018
9
310.Z-Channel: Scalable and Efficient Scheme in Zerocash Yuncong Zhang and Yu Long and Zhen Liu and Zhiqiang Liu and Dawu Gu. 2017
8
311.Formal Barriers to Longest-Chain Proof-of-Stake Protocols Brown-Cohen, Jonah and Narayanan, Arvind and Psomas, Christos-Alexandros and Weinberg, S Matthew. 2018
8
312.SilentWhispers: Enforcing security and privacy in credit networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo. 2017
8
313.Model-Checking of Smart Contracts Nehai, Zeinab and Piriou, Pierre-Yves and Daumas, Frederic. 2018
8
314.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
8
315.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
8
316.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
8
317.Alt chains and atomic transfers Tier Nolan. 2013
8
318.(Short Paper) PieceWork: Generalized Outsourcing Control for Proofs of Work Philip Daian and Ittay Eyal and Ari Juels and Emin G\"un Sirer. 2017
7
319.Automated Verification of Electrum Wallet Mathieu Turuani and Thomas Voegtlin and Micha\"el Rusinowitch. 2016
7
320.Proofs of Work from Worst-Case Assumptions Marshall Ball and Alon Rosen and Manuel Sabin and Prashant Nalini Vasudevan. 2018
7
321.Making Groth's zk-SNARK Simulation Extractable in the Random Oracle Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon. 2018
7
322.Obscuro: A Bitcoin Mixer using Trusted Execution Environments Muoi Tran and Loi Luu and Min Suk Kang and Iddo Bentov and Prateek Saxena. 2017
7
323.Ouroboros-BFT: A Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerant Consensus Protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
7
324.Batching Techniques for Accumulators with Applications to IOPs and Stateless Blockchains Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Benjamin. 2018
7
325.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
326.Exploiting the laws of order in smart contracts Kolluri, Aashish and Nikolic, Ivica and Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas and Saxena, Prateek. 2019
7
327.A Proof-of-Stake protocol for consensus on Bitcoin subchains Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2017
7
328.Anonymous Post-Quantum Cryptocash. Zhang, Huang and Zhang, Fangguo and Tian, Haibo and Au, Man Ho. 2017
7
329.Hidden in Plain Sight: Storing and Managing Secrets on a Public Ledger. Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Alp, Enis Ceyhun and Siby, Sandra Deepthy and Gailly, Nicolas and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2018
7
330.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
331.Casper the friendly ghost: A correct by construction blockchain consensus protocol Zamfir, Vlad. 2017
7
332.Drivechains, sidechains and hybrid 2-way peg designs Lerner, Sergio Damian. 2016
7
333.xJsnark: a framework for efficient verifiable computation Kosba, Ahmed and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Shi, Elaine. 2018
7
334.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
6
335.Kaleidoscope: An Efficient Poker Protocol with Payment Distribution and Penalty Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2017
6
336.Blockclique: scaling blockchains through transaction sharding in a multithreaded block graph Forestier, S\'ebastien. 2018
6
337.An Empirical Analysis of Linkability in the Monero Blockchain Andrew Miller and Malte M\"oser and Kevin Lee and Arvind Narayanan. 2017
6
338.DIZK: A Distributed Zero-Knowledge Proof System Wu, Howard and Zheng, Wenting and Chiesa, Alessandro and Popa, Raluca Ada and Stoica, Ion. 2018
6
339.Rational proofs of space-time Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2017
6
340.Fraud Proofs: Maximising Light Client Security and Scaling Blockchains with Dishonest Majorities Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Buterin, Vitalik. 2018
6
341.Proof-of-Work Sidechains Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
6
342.Betting on Blockchain Consensus with Fantomette Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
6
343.Lattice-Based zk-SNARKs from Square Span Programs Gennaro, Rosario and Minelli, Michele and Nitulescu, Anca and Orr\`u, Michele. 2018
6
344.Biased Nonce Sense: Lattice Attacks against Weak ECDSA Signatures in Cryptocurrencies Breitner, Joachim and Heninger, Nadia. 2019
6
345.Tight proofs of space and replication Fisch, Ben. 2018
6
346.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
6
347.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018
6
348.A Scalable Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng and Katz, Jonathan. 2018
6
349.Zether: Towards Privacy in a Smart Contract World. B\"unz, Benedikt and Agrawal, Shashank and Zamani, Mahdi and Boneh, Dan. 2019
6
350.TxProbe: Discovering Bitcoin's Network Topology Using Orphan Transactions Delgado-Segura, Sergi and Bakshi, Surya and P\'erez-Sol\`a, Cristina and Litton, James and Pachulski, Andrew and Miller, Andrew and Bhattacharjee, Bobby. 2018
6
351.Redactable blockchain in the permissionless setting Deuber, Dominic and Magri, Bernardo and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan. 2019
6
352.Rootstock: Bitcoin powered smart contracts Lerner, S Demian. 2015
6
353.Ethereum Query Language Bragagnolo, Santiago and Rocha, Henrique and Denker, Marcus and Ducasse, St\'ephane. 2018
5
354.The Transaction Graph for Modeling Blockchain Semantics Christian Cachin and Angelo De Caro and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Bj\"orn Tackmann and Marko Vukoli\'c. 2017
5
355.A Systematic Approach To Cryptocurrency Fees Alexander Chepurnoy and Vasily Kharin and Dmitry Meshkov. 2018
5
356.ROYALE: A Framework for Universally Composable Card Games with Financial Rewards and Penalties Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2018
5
357.Public Accountability vs. Secret Laws: Can They Coexist?: A Cryptographic Proposal Goldwasser, Shafi and Park, Sunoo. 2017
5
358.A Treasury System for Cryptocurrencies: Enabling Better Collaborative Intelligence Bingsheng Zhang and Roman Oliynykov and Hamed Balogun. 2018
5
359.Forkable Strings are Rare. Russell, Alexander and Moore, Cristopher and Kiayias, Aggelos and Quader, Saad. 2017
5
360.Pathshuffle: Mixing credit paths for anonymous transactions in ripple Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket. 2017
5
361.Loopring: A decentralized token exchange protocol Wang, Daniel and Zhou, Jay and Wang, Alex and Finestone, Matthew. 2018
5
362.Xclaim: Interoperability with cryptocurrency-backed tokens Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2018
5
363.GASTAP: A Gas Analyzer for Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
5
364.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
5
365.Parallel Chains: Improving Throughput and Latency of Blockchain Protocols via Parallel Composition Fitzi, Matthias and Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
5
366.VeriSolid: Correct-by-Design Smart Contracts for Ethereum Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron and Stachtiari, Emmanouela and Dubey, Abhishek. 2019
5
367.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
5
368.Polyshard: Coded sharding achieves linearly scaling efficiency and security simultaneously Li, Songze and Yu, Mingchao and Avestimehr, Salman and Kannan, Sreeram and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
5
369.How perfect offline wallets can still leak bitcoin private keys Verb\"ucheln, Stephan. 2015
5
370.Drivechain-the simple two way peg, November 2015 Sztorc, Paul. 2015
5
371.COMIT-Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction Network Hosp, Dr and Hoenisch, Toby and Kittiwongsunthorn, Paul and others. 2018
5
372.Graphchain: a Blockchain-Free Scalable Decentralised Ledger Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2018
4
373.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
4
374.Time-Memory Tradeoff Attacks on the MTP Proof-of-Work Scheme Itai Dinur and Niv Nadler. 2017
4
375.R3C3: Cryptographically secure Censorship Resistant Rendezvous using Cryptocurrencies Mohsen Minaei and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aniket Kate. 2018
4
376.Developing a K-ary malware using Blockchain Moubarak, Joanna and Filiol, Eric and Chamoun, Maroun. 2018
4
377.Decentralized Blacklistable Anonymous Credentials with Reputation Yang, Rupeng and Au, Man Ho and Xu, Qiuliang and Yu, Zuoxia. 2017
4
378.A Nonoutsourceable Puzzle under GHOST Rule Zeng, Gongxian and Yiu, Siu Ming and Zhang, Jun and Kuzuno, Hiroki and Au, Man Ho. 2017
4
379.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
4
380.Switch Commitments: A Safety Switch for Confidential Transactions Ruffing, Tim and Malavolta, Giulio. 2017
4
381.Temporal Properties of Smart Contracts Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
4
382.Contracts over Smart Contracts: Recovering from Violations Dynamically Colombo, Christian and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
4
383.PaLa: A Simple Partially Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
4
384.Zexe: Enabling decentralized private computation Bowe, S and Chiesa, A and Green, M and Miers, I and Mishra, P and Wu, H. 2018
4
385.Compounding of Wealth in Proof-of-Stake Cryptocurrencies Fanti, Giulia and Kogan, Leonid and Oh, Sewoong and Ruan, Kathleen and Viswanath, Pramod and Wang, Gerui. 2018
4
386.Flash Boys 2.0: Frontrunning, Transaction Reordering, and Consensus Instability in Decentralized Exchanges Daian, Philip and Goldfeder, Steven and Kell, Tyler and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Bentov, Iddo and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Juels, Ari. 2019
4
387.Sereum: Protecting Existing Smart Contracts Against Re-Entrancy Attacks Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2018
4
388.Communication complexity of byzantine agreement, revisited Abraham, Ittai and Chan, TH and Dolev, Danny and Nayak, Kartik and Pass, Rafael and Ren, Ling and Shi, Elaine. 2018
4
389.Beigepaper: An Ethereum Technical Specification Dameron, Micah. 2017
4
390.State Machine Replication in the Libra Blockchain Baudet, Mathieu and Ching, Avery and Chursin, Andrey and Danezis, George and Garillot, Fran\ccois and Li, Zekun and Malkhi, Dahlia and Naor, Oded and Perelman, Dmitri and Sonnino, Alberto. 2019
4
391.On decentralized oracles for data availability Teutsch, Jason and Estsblishment, TrueBit. 2017
4
392.Monero - Privacy in the Blockchain Kurt M. Alonso and Jordi Herrera Joancomartí. 2018
3
393.21-bringing down the complexity: fast composable protocols for card games without secret state David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
3
394.BeatCoin: Leaking Private Keys from Air-Gapped Cryptocurrency Wallets Guri, Mordechai. 2018
3
395.A Practical De-mixing Algorithm for Bitcoin Mixing Services Hong, Younggee and Kwon, Hyunsoo and Lee, Jihwan and Hur, Junbeom. 2018
3
396.Executable Operational Semantics of Solidity Jiao, Jiao and Kan, Shuanglong and Lin, Shang-Wei and Sanan, David and Liu, Yang and Sun, Jun. 2018
3
397.Pies: Public incompressible encodings for decentralized storage Cecchetti, Ethan and Miers, Ian and Juels, Ari. 2018
3
398.Retrofitting a two-way peg between blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Straka, Michael and Boneh, Dan. 2018
3
399.Quisquis: A New Design for Anonymous Cryptocurrencies Fauzi, Prastudy and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Mercer, Rebekah and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018
3
400.Ouroboros Crypsinous: Privacy-Preserving Proof-of-Stake Kerber, Thomas and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zikas, Vassilis. 2018
3
401.OHIE: Blockchain Scaling Made Simple Yu, Haifeng and Nikolic, Ivica and Hou, Ruomu and Saxena, Prateek. 2018
3
402.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Eskandari, Shayan and Moosavi, Seyedehmahsa and Clark, Jeremy. 2019
3
403.On the security of the BCTV Pinocchio zk-SNARK variant Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
3
404.Libra: Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Optimal Prover Computation Xie, Tiacheng and Zhang, Jiaheng and Zhang, Yupeng and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Song, Dawn. 2019
3
405.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Shayan Eskandari and Seyedehmahsa Moosavi and Jeremy Clark. 2019
3
406.Cryptanalysis of Curl-P and Other Attacks on the IOTA Cryptocurrency. Heilman, Ethan and Narula, Neha and Tanzer, Garrett and Lovejoy, James and Colavita, Michael and Virza, Madars and Dryja, Tadge. 2019
3
407.Synchronous, with a Chance of Partition Tolerance. Guo, Yue and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
3
408.SoK: Tools for Game Theoretic Models of Security for Cryptocurrencies Azouvi, Sarah and Hicks, Alexander. 2019
3
409.On Space-Scarce Economy In Blockchain Systems Alexander Chepurnoy and Dmitry Meshkov. 2017
2
410.Database Perspectives on Blockchains Cohen, Sara and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
2
411.Efficient Algorithms for Broadcast and Consensus Based on Proofs of Work Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss. 2017
2
412.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
2
413.Burning Zerocoins for Fun and for Profit: A Cryptographic Denial-of-Spending Attack on the Zerocoin Protocol Tim Ruffing and Sri Aravinda Thyagarajan and Viktoria Ronge and Dominique Schröder. 2018
2
414.Load Thresholds for Cuckoo Hashing with Overlapping Blocks Walzer, S.. 2017
2
415.Flux: Revisting Near Blocks for Proof-of-Work Blockchains Alexei Zamyatin and Nicholas Stifter and Philipp Schindler and Edgar Weippl and William J. Knottenbelt. 2018
2
416.Paralysis Proofs: Safe Access-Structure Updates for Cryptocurrencies and More Fan Zhang and Philip Daian and Iddo Bentov and Ari Juels. 2018
2
417.Privacy Preserving Verifiable Key Directories. Chase, Melissa and Deshpande, Apoorvaa and Ghosh, Esha. 2018
2
418.Mimblewimble Poelstra, Andrew. 2016
2
419.Towards a Smart Contract-based, Decentralized, Public-Key Infrastructure Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Roussopoulos, Mema and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2017
2
420.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
2
421.Aggregate Cash Systems: A Cryptographic Investigation of Mimblewimble Fuchsbauer, Georg and Orr\`u, Michele and Seurin, Yannick. 2018
2
422.PiLi: An Extremely Simple Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
2
423.EDRAX: A Cryptocurrency with Stateless Transaction Validation Chepurnoy, Alexander and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Zhang, Yupeng. 2018
2
424.MARVELlous: a STARK-Friendly Family of Cryptographic Primitives Tomer Ashur and Siemen Dhooghe. 2018
2
425.Proof-of-Stake Protocols for Privacy-Aware Blockchains Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio and Tschudi, Daniel. 2018
2
426.Echoes of the Past: Recovering Blockchain Metrics From Merged Mining Stifter, Nicholas and Schindler, Philipp and Judmayer, Aljosha and Zamyatin, Alexei and Kern, Andreas and Weippl, Edgar. 2018
2
427.piChain: When a Blockchain meets Paxos Burchert, Conrad and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2018
2
428.Founding Secure Computation on Blockchains Choudhuri, Arka Rai and Goyal, Vipul and Jain, Abhishek. 2019
2
429.LegoSNARK: Modular Design and Composition of Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs Campanelli, Matteo and Fiore, Dario and Querol, Ana\"\is. 2019
2
430.Traceable Monero: Anonymous Cryptocurrency with Enhanced Accountability Li, Yannan and Yang, Guomin and Susilo, Willy and Yu, Yong and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Dongxi. 2019
2
431.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
2
432.Proofs of Replicated Storage Without Timing Assumptions. Damg\aard, Ivan and Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018
2
433.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
2
434.StrongChain: Transparent and Collaborative Proof-of-Work Consensus Szalachowski, Pawel and Reijsbergen, Dani\"el and Homoliak, Ivan and Sun, Siwei. 2019
2
435.Vault: Fast Bootstrapping for the Algorand Cryptocurrency. Leung, Derek and Suhl, Adam and Gilad, Yossi and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2019
2
436.NOCUST--A Securely Scalable Commit-Chain Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur and Felley, Guillaume. 2019
2
437.Incentives in casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
2
438.Incentives in Ethereum's Hybrid Casper Protocol Buterin, Vitalik and Reijsbergen, Daniel and Leonardos, Stefanos and Piliouras, Georgios. 2019
2
439.Deterministic witnesses for claim-first transactions Borkowski, Michael and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
2
440.Towards atomic cross-chain token transfers: State of the art and open questions within tast Borkowski, Michael and McDonald, Daniel and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
2
441.Interledger Approaches Siris, Vasilios A and Nikander, Pekka and Voulgaris, Spyros and Fotiou, Nikos and Lagutin, Dmitrij and Polyzos, George C. 2019
2
442.Temporary censorship attacks in the presence of rational miners Winzer, Fredrik and Herd, Benjamin and Faust, Sebastian. 2019
2
443.Why Preventing a Cryptocurrency Exchange Heist Isn't Good Enough Patrick McCorry and Malte M\"oser and Syed Taha Ali. 2018
1
444.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
1
445.MARS: Monetized Ad-hoc Routing System (A Position Paper) David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
1
446.Why You Can't Beat Blockchains: Consistency and High Availability in Distributed Systems Girault, Alain and G\"ossler, Gregor and Guerraoui, Rachid and Hamza, Jad and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian. 2017
1
447.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
1
448.Insured MPC: Efficient Secure Multiparty Computation with Punishable Abort Baum, Carsten and David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael. 2018
1
449.The Proof is in the Pudding: Proofs of Work for Solving Discrete Logarithms Marcella Hastings and Nadia Heninger and Eric Wustrow. 2018
1
450.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
1
451.Algorand: A Secure and Efficient Distributed Ledger Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2019
1
452.A Formal Treatment of Hardware Wallets Arapinis, Myrto and Gkaniatsou, Andriana and Karakostas, Dimitris and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2019
1
453.The Art of The Scam: Demystifying Honeypots in Ethereum Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Steichen, Mathis. 2019
1
454.Precise Attack Synthesis for Smart Contracts Feng, Yu and Torlak, Emina and Bodik, Rastislav. 2019
1
455.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
1
456.Analysis of Deterministic Longest-Chain Protocols Shi, Elaine. 2018
1
457.Consensus through Herding Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
1
458.FastKitten: Practical Smart Contracts on Bitcoin Das, Poulami and Eckey, Lisa and Frassetto, Tommaso and Gens, David and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina and Jauernig, Patrick and Faust, Sebastian and Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza. 2019
1
459.MixEth: efficient, trustless coin mixing service for Ethereum Istv\'an Andr'\as Seres and D ́aniel A. Nagy and Chris Buckland, and \'Peter Burcsi. 2019
1
460.Iterated Search Problems and Blockchain Security under Falsifiable Assumptions Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2019
1
461.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
1
462.Flyclient: Super-Light Clients for Cryptocurrencies. B\"unz, Benedikt and Kiffer, Lucianna and Luu, Loi and Zamani, Mahdi. 2019
1
463.Ostraka: Secure Blockchain Scaling by Node Sharding Alex Manuskin and Michael Mirkin and Ittay Eyal. 2019
1
464.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
465.solc-verify: A Modular Verifier for Solidity Smart Contracts Hajdu, \'Akos and Jovanovi\'c, Dejan. 2019
1
466.MProve: A Proof of Reserves Protocol for Monero Exchanges Dutta, Arijit and Vijayakumaran, Saravanan. 2019
1
467.Proof-of-Prestige: A Useful Work Reward System for Unverifiable Tasks Kr\'ol, Micha\l and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Tasiopoulos, Argyrios and Psaras, Ioannis. 2019
1
468.Reversible Proofs of Sequential Work Abusalah, Hamza and Kamath, Chethan and Klein, Karen and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Walter, Michael. 2019
1
469.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
1
470.Self-reproducing coins as universal turing machine Chepurnoy, Alexander and Kharin, Vasily and Meshkov, Dmitry. 2018
1
471.Digital Signatures for Consensus. Gorbunov, Sergey and Wee, Hoeteck. 2019
1
472.Multi-party virtual state channels Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian and Hesse, Julia and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina. 2019
1
473.SoK of Used Cryptography in Blockchain Raikwar, Mayank and Gligoroski, Danilo and Kralevska, Katina. 2019
1
474.Sharding PoW-based Blockchains via Proofs of Knowledge Frederik Armknecht and Jens-Matthias Bohli and Ghassan O. Karame and Wenting Li. 2017
0
475.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
476.ZeroLedge: Proving Solvency with Privacy Doerner, Jack and Shelat, Abhi and Evans, David. 2018
0
477.Pitchforks in Cryptocurrencies: Enforcing Rule Changes Through Offensive Weippl, Edgar. 2018
0
478.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
0
479.On the specification and verification of atomic swap smart contracts⋆ van der Meyden, Ron. 2018
0
480.Tracing Transactions Across Cryptocurrency Ledgers Yousaf, Haaroon and Kappos, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
0
481.On the Practicality of Smart Contract PKI Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Kiayias, Aggelos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2019
0
482.Replay Attacks and Defenses against Cross-shard Consensus in Sharded Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Danezis, George. 2019
0
483.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
0
484.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
0
485.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
0
486.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
0
487.Efficient Symmetric Primitives for Advanced Cryptographic Protocols (A Marvellous Contribution) Abdelrahaman Aly and Tomer Ashur and Eli Ben-Sasson and Siemen Dhooghe and Alan Szepieniec. 2019
0
488.Replay Attacks and Defenses against Cross-shard Consensus in Sharded Distributed Ledgers Alberto Sonnino and Shehar Bano and Mustafa Al-Bassam and George Danezis. 2019
0
489.UC-Secure CRS Generation for SNARKs Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Janno Siim and Michal Zajac. 2019
0
490.Scalable and Probabilistic Leaderless BFT Consensus through Metastability Rocket, Team and Yin, Maofan and Sekniqi, Kevin and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2019
0
491.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
0
492.SAFEVM: A Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
0
493.A Formal Treatment of Deterministic Wallets Das, Poulami and Faust, Sebastian and Loss, Julian. 2019
0
494.Extending the Anonymity of Zcash George Kappos and Ania M. Piotrowska. 2019
0
495.Toychain: Formally Verified Blockchain Consensus George P\^ırlea. 2019
0
496.ON DEPLOYING SUCCINCT ZERO-KNOWLEDGE PROOFS Madars Virza. 2017
0
497.Ouroboros Chronos: Permissionless Clock Synchronization via Proof-of-Stake Christian Badertscher and Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2019
0
498.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
0
499.A Tale of Three Signatures: practical attack of ECDSA with wNAF Gabrielle De Micheli and Rémi Piau and Cécile Pierrot. 2019
0
500.Succinct Arguments in the Quantum Random Oracle Model Alessandro Chiesa and Peter Manohar and Nicholas Spooner. 2019
0
501.VerX: Safety Verification of Smart Contracts Permenev, Anton and Dimitrov, Dimitar and Tsankov, Petar and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Vechev, Martin. 2019
0
502.Fractal: A New Paradigm for High-Performance Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
0
503.Thring Signatures and their Applications to Spender-Ambiguous Digital Currencies. Goodell, Brandon and Noether, Sarang. 2018
0
504.A survey on zero knowledge range proofs and applications Morais, Eduardo and Koens, Tommy and van Wijk, Cees and Koren, Aleksei. 2019
0
505.Practical Zero-Knowledge Arguments from Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary. 2019
0
506.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
0
507.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
0
508.Contingent payments on a public ledger: models and reductions for automated verification. Bursuc, Sergiu and Kremer, Steve. 2019
0
509.A Stealthier Partitioning Attack against Bitcoin Peer-to-Peer Network Tran, Muoi and Choi, Inho and Moon, Gi Jun and Vu, Anh V and Kang, Min Suk. 2020
0
510.Who Spent My EOS? On the (In) Security of Resource Management of EOS. IO Lee, Sangsup and Kim, Daejun and Kim, Dongkwan and Son, Sooel and Kim, Yongdae. 2019
0
511.Bootstrapping a stable computation token Teutsch, Jason and M\"akel\"a, Sami and Bakshi, Surya. 2019
0
512.A minimal core calculus for Solidity contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
0
513.Scalable Zero Knowledge with No Trusted Setup Ben-Sasson, Eli and Bentov, Iddo and Horesh, Yinon and Riabzev, Michael. 2019
0
514.PLONK: Permutations over Lagrange-bases for Oecumenical Noninteractive arguments of Knowledge Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson and Oana Ciobotaru. 2019
0
515.Empirically Analyzing Ethereum's Gas Mechanism Yang, Renlord and Murray, Toby and Rimba, Paul and Parampalli, Udaya. 2019
0
516.WI Is Not Enough: Zero-Knowledge Contingent (Service) Payments Revisited Georg Fuchsbauer. 2019
0
517.ETHDKG: Distributed Key Generation with Ethereum Smart Contracts Philipp Schindler and Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Edgar Weippl. 2019
0
518.Tight Verifiable Delay Functions D\"ottling, Nico and Garg, Sanjam and Malavolta, Giulio and Nalini, Prashant. 2019
0
519.Simulation Extractability in Groth’s zk-SNARK Atapoor, Shahla and Baghery, Karim. 2019
0
520.VeriSmart: A Highly Precise Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts So, Sunbeom and Lee, Myungho and Park, Jisu and Lee, Heejo and Oh, Hakjoo. 2019
0
521.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments in the discrete log setting, revisited Max Hoffmann and Michael Klooß and Andy Rupp. 2019
0
522.The Rush Dilemma: Attacking and Repairing Smart Contracts on Forking Blockchains Vincenzo Botta and Daniele Friolo and Daniele Venturi and Ivan Visconti. 2019
0
523.Manticore: A User-Friendly Symbolic Execution Framework for Binaries and Smart Contracts Mossberg, Mark and Manzano, Felipe and Hennenfent, Eric and Groce, Alex and Grieco, Gustavo and Feist, Josselin and Brunson, Trent and Dinaburg, Artem. 2019
0
524.Refinement and Verification of CBC Casper Nakamura, Ryuya and Jimba, Takayuki and Harz, Dominik. 2019
0
525.On the (In)security of Kilian-Based SNARGs James Bartusek and Liron Bronfman and Justin Holmgren and Fermi Ma and Ron Rothblum. 2019
0
526.Halo: Recursive Proof Composition without aTrusted Setup Bowe, Sean Grigg, Jack Hopwood, Daira. 2019
0
527.On the optionality and fairness of Atomic Swaps Han, Runchao and Lin, Haoyu and Yu, Jiangshan. 2019
0
528.DeXTT: Deterministic Cross-Blockchain Token Transfers Borkowski, Michael and Sigwart, Marten and Frauenthaler, Philipp and Hukkinen, Taneli and Schulte, Stefan. 2019
0
529.Proof-Carrying Smart Contracts Dickerson, Thomas and Gazzillo, Paul and Herlihy, Maurice and Saraph, Vikram and Koskinen, Eric. 2018
0
530.Kadcast: A Structured Approach to Broadcast in Blockchain Networks Rohrer, Elias and Tschorsch, Florian. 2019
0
531.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
0
532.Privacy-preserving auditable token payments in a permissioned blockchain system Elli Androulaki and Jan Camenisch and Angelo De Caro and Maria Dubovitskaya and Kaoutar Elkhiyaoui and Bjoern Tackmann. 2019
0
533.Marlin: Preprocessing zkSNARKs with Universal and Updatable SRS Alessandro Chiesa and Yuncong Hu and Mary Maller and Pratyush Mishra and Noah Vesely and Nicholas Ward. 2019
0