A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2020-10-22

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008  
12306
2.Ethereum: a secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger Wood, Gavin. 2014   
3225
3.Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things Christidis, Konstantinos and Devetsikiotis, Michael. 2016
2234
4.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014  
1605
5.Decentralizing privacy: Using blockchain to protect personal data Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and others. 2015
1489
6.Pricing via processing or combatting junk mail Dwork, Cynthia and Naor, Moni. 1992
1460
7.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
1454
8.Hawk: The blockchain model of cryptography and privacy-preserving smart contracts Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine and Wen, Zikai and Papamanthou, Charalampos. 2016  
1410
9.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014   
1333
10.Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies: a comprehensive introduction Narayanan, Arvind and Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward and Miller, Andrew and Goldfeder, Steven. 2016
1282
11.Hyperledger fabric: a distributed operating system for permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Barger, Artem and Bortnikov, Vita and Cachin, Christian and Christidis, Konstantinos and De Caro, Angelo and Enyeart, David and Ferris, Christopher and Laventman, Gennady and Manevich, Yacov and Muralidharan, Srinivasan and Murthy, Chet and Nguyen, Binh and Sethi, Manish and Singh, Gari and Smith, Keith and Sorniotti, Alessandro and Stathakopoulou, Chrysoula and Vukolić, Marko and Weed Cocco, Sharon and Yellick, Jason. 2018  
1267
12.Formalizing and securing relationships on public networks Szabo, Nick. 1997
1115
13.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014  
1108
14.An analysis of anonymity in the bitcoin system Reid, F and Harrigan, M. 2013
1034
15.A fistful of bitcoins: characterizing payments among men with no names Meiklejohn, Sarah and Pomarole, Marjori and Jordan, Grant and Levchenko, Kirill and McCoy, Damon and Voelker, Geoffrey M and Savage, Stefan. 2013  
992
16.Making smart contracts smarter Luu, Loi and Chu, Duc-Hiep and Olickel, Hrishi and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2016  
961
17.SoK: Research perspectives and challenges for bitcoin and cryptocurrencies Bonneau, Joseph and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Narayanan, Arvind and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2015  
938
18.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol : Analysis and Applications Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos. 2014  
938
19.Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Sirer, Emin Gün and van Renesse, Robbert. 2016  
920
20.Information propagation in the Bitcoin network Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2013  
876
21.Quantitative analysis of the full bitcoin transaction graph Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2013
864
22.On Scaling Decentralized Blockchains Croman, Kyle and Decker, Christian and Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Saxena, Prateek and Shi, Elaine and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2016
843
23.Hashcash - A Denial of Service Counter-Measure Back, Adam. 2002
807
24.Zerocoin: Anonymous distributed e-cash from bitcoin Miers, Ian and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Rubin, Aviel D. 2013  
790
25.On the security and performance of proof of work blockchains Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and W\"ust, Karl and Glykantzis, Vasileios and Ritzdorf, Hubert and Capkun, Srdjan. 2016  
779
26.The quest for scalable blockchain fabric: Proof-of-work vs. BFT replication Vukolić, Marko. 2015
764
27.Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and David, Bernardo and Oliynykov, Roman. 2017   
759
28.A survey of attacks on ethereum smart contracts (sok) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2017  
693
29.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
680
30.Pinocchio: Nearly practical verifiable computation Parno, Bryan and Howell, Jon and Gentry, Craig and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
674
31.Algorand: Scaling byzantine agreements for cryptocurrencies Gilad, Yossi and Hemo, Rotem and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2017   
636
32.Algorand Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2016
636
33.Ppcoin: Peer-to-peer crypto-currency with proof-of-stake King, Sunny and Nadal, Scott. 2012
588
34.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016  
577
35.Evaluating user privacy in bitcoin Androulaki, Elli and Karame, Ghassan O and Roeschlin, Marc and Scherer, Tobias and Capkun, Srdjan. 2013
563
36.Ipfs-content addressed, versioned, p2p file system Benet, Juan. 2014   
562
37.A survey on the security of blockchain systems Li, Xiaoqi and Jiang, Peng and Chen, Ting and Luo, Xiapu and Wen, Qiaoyan. 2017
555
38.A secure sharding protocol for open blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Zheng, Chaodong and Baweja, Kunal and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2016  
532
39.The economics of Bitcoin mining, or Bitcoin in the presence of adversaries Kroll, Joshua A and Davey, Ian C and Felten, Edward W. 2013
519
40.Do you need a Blockchain? Wüst, Karl and Gervais, Arthur. 2017
493
41.Quadratic span programs and succinct NIZKs without PCPs Gennaro, Rosario and Gentry, Craig and Parno, Bryan and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
488
42.Eclipse Attacks on Bitcoin's Peer-to-Peer Network Heilman, Ethan and Kendler, Alison and Zohar, Aviv and Goldberg, Sharon. 2015  
488
43.Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gailly, Nicolas and Khoffi, Ismail and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2016  
452
44.SNARKs for C: Verifying program executions succinctly and in zero knowledge Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Genkin, Daniel and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2013  
431
45.Proof of Activity: Extending Bitcoin's Proof of Work via Proof of Stake Bentov, Iddo and Lee, Charles and Mizrahi, Alex and Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
426
46.A survey on security and privacy issues of bitcoin Conti, Mauro and Kumar, E Sandeep and Lal, Chhagan and Ruj, Sushmita. 2018
426
47.Step by step towards creating a safe smart contract: Lessons and insights from a cryptocurrency lab Delmolino, Kevin and Arnett, Mitchell and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine. 2016
419
48.Analysis of the Blockchain Protocol in Asynchronous Networks Pass, Rafael and Seeman, Lior and abhi Shelat. 2016
419
49.A taxonomy of blockchain-based systems for architecture design Xu, Xiwei and Weber, Ingo and Staples, Mark and Zhu, Liming and Bosch, Jan and Bass, Len and Pautasso, Cesare and Rimba, Paul. 2017
414
50.The Ripple protocol consensus algorithm Schwartz, D and Youngs, N and Britto, A. 2014
411
51.Optimal Selfish Mining Strategies in Bitcoin Sapirshtein, Ayelet and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
408
52.Formal verification of smart contracts: Short paper Bhargavan, Karthikeyan and Delignat-Lavaud, Antoine and Fournet, C\'edric and Gollamudi, Anitha and Gonthier, Georges and Kobeissi, Nadim and Kulatova, Natalia and Rastogi, Aseem and Sibut-Pinote, Thomas and Swamy, Nikhil and others. 2016
384
53.Enabling blockchain innovations with pegged sidechains Back, A and Corallo, M and Dashjr, L. 2014
381
54.Omniledger: A secure, scale-out, decentralized ledger via sharding Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Gailly, Nicolas and Syta, Ewa and Ford, Bryan. 2018
372
55.Deanonymisation of clients in Bitcoin P2P network Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Pustogarov, Ivan. 2014
368
56.Blockchain consensus protocols in the wild Cachin, Christian and Vukoli\'c, Marko. 2017
365
57.Secure multiparty computations on bitcoin Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
361
58.The honey badger of BFT protocols Miller, Andrew and Xia, Yu and Croman, Kyle and Shi, Elaine and Song, Dawn. 2016
354
59.Town crier: An authenticated data feed for smart contracts Zhang, Fan and Cecchetti, Ethan and Croman, Kyle and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016  
351
60.The Miner's Dilemma Eyal, Ittay. 2014  
342
61.Separating succinct non-interactive arguments from all falsifiable assumptions Gentry, Craig and Wichs, Daniel. 2011  
336
62.Enigma: Decentralized computation platform with guaranteed privacy Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and Pentland, Alex. 2015  
333
63.Succinct Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge for a von Neumann Architecture. Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
333
64.Short pairing-based non-interactive zero-knowledge arguments Groth, Jens. 2010
325
65.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
324
66.Mixcoin: Anonymity for bitcoin with accountable mixes Bonneau, Joseph and Narayanan, Arvind and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2014
320
67.An analysis of anonymity in bitcoin using p2p network traffic Koshy, Philip and Koshy, Diana and McDaniel, Patrick. 2014
315
68.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
313
69.Casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik and Griffith, Virgil. 2017   
305
70.The stellar consensus protocol: A federated model for internet-level consensus Mazieres, David. 2015  
305
71.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
298
72.CoinShuffle: Practical decentralized coin mixing for bitcoin Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2014
285
73.Analysis of bitcoin pooled mining reward systems Rosenfeld, Meni. 2011
284
74.On Bitcoin and red balloons Babaioff, Moshe and Dobzinski, Shahar and Oren, Sigal and Zohar, Aviv. 2011
280
75.Is bitcoin a decentralized currency? Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and Capkun, Vedran and Capkun, Srdjan. 2014
280
76.Cryptocurrencies without proof of work Bentov, Iddo and Gabizon, Ariel and Mizrahi, Alex. 2016
279
77.How to use Bitcoin to design fair protocols Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit. 2014
278
78.Bulletproofs: Short proofs for confidential transactions and more B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2018  
265
79.Centrally banked cryptocurrencies Danezis, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2015
260
80.A smart contract for boardroom voting with maximum voter privacy McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2017
257
81.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
256
82.Inclusive block chain protocols Lewenberg, Yoad and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
251
83.Securify: Practical security analysis of smart contracts Tsankov, Petar and Dan, Andrei and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Gervais, Arthur and Buenzli, Florian and Vechev, Martin. 2018  
249
84.Permacoin: Repurposing bitcoin work for data preservation Miller, Andrew and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine and Parno, Bryan and Katz, Jonathan. 2014
247
85.The blockchain folk theorem Biais, Bruno and Bisi\`ere, Christophe and Bouvard, Matthieu and Casamatta, Catherine. 2017
237
86.Zeus: Analyzing safety of smart contracts Kalra, Sukrit and Goel, Seep and Dhawan, Mohan and Sharma, Subodh. 2018   
227
87.Finding The Greedy, Prodigal, and Suicidal Contracts at Scale Nikolic, Ivica and Kolluri, Aashish and Sergey, Ilya and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
222
88.Hybrid consensus: Efficient consensus in the permissionless model Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2017
219
89.On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward Carlsten, Miles and Kalodner, Harry and Weinberg, S Matthew and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
217
90.Succinct non-interactive arguments via linear interactive proofs Bitansky, Nir and Chiesa, Alessandro and Ishai, Yuval and Paneth, Omer and Ostrovsky, Rafail. 2013
213
91.On the size of pairing-based non-interactive arguments Groth, Jens. 2016  
212
92.Proofs of Space Dziembowski, Stefan and Faust, Sebastian and Kolmogorov, Vladimir and Pietrzak, Krzysztof. 2015
211
93.Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts Poon, Joseph and Buterin, Vitalik. 2017   
208
94.Rapidchain: Scaling blockchain via full sharding Zamani, Mahdi and Movahedi, Mahnush and Raykova, Mariana. 2018  
207
95.Recursive composition and bootstrapping for SNARKs and proof-carrying data Bitansky, Nir and Canetti, Ran and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran. 2013
207
96.Fruitchains: A fair blockchain Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
196
97.Constant-size commitments to polynomials and their applications Kate, Aniket and Zaverucha, Gregory M and Goldberg, Ian. 2010  
196
98.Decentralization in bitcoin and ethereum networks Gencer, Adem Efe and Basu, Soumya and Eyal, Ittay and Van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
192
99.Tendermint: Byzantine fault tolerance in the age of blockchains Buchman, Ethan. 2016   
192
100.Difficulty control for blockchain-based consensus systems Kraft, Daniel. 2016
189
101.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
187
102.Snow White: Provably Secure Proofs of Stake. Bentov, Iddo and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
186
103.Mastering ethereum: building smart contracts and dapps Antonopoulos, Andreas M and Wood, Gavin. 2018   
181
104.Scalable zero knowledge via cycles of elliptic curves Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2017  
169
105.Empirical analysis of denial-of-service attacks in the Bitcoin ecosystem Vasek, Marie and Thornton, Micah and Moore, Tyler. 2014
167
106.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
165
107.CryptoNote v 2.0 Saberhagen, Nicolas Van. 2013
163
108.Demystifying incentives in the consensus computer Luu, Loi and Teutsch, Jason and Kulkarni, Raghav and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
163
109.Geppetto: Versatile verifiable computation Costello, Craig and Fournet, C\'edric and Howell, Jon and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kreuter, Benjamin and Naehrig, Michael and Parno, Bryan and Zahur, Samee. 2015  
162
110.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
161
111.Scalable, transparent, and post-quantum secure computational integrity Eli Ben-Sasson and Iddo Bentov and Yinon Horesh and Michael Riabzev. 2018   
160
112.Defining the ethereum virtual machine for interactive theorem provers Hirai, Yoichi. 2017  
159
113.Vector commitments and their applications Catalano, Dario and Fiore, Dario. 2013
157
114.Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with prime number proof-of-work King, Sunny. 2013
156
115.A Semantic Framework for the Security Analysis of Ethereum smart contracts Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
153
116.Under-optimized smart contracts devour your money Chen, Ting and Li, Xiaoqi and Luo, Xiapu and Zhang, Xiaosong. 2017
151
117.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017  
149
118.Consensus in the age of blockchains Bano, Shehar and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Danezis, George. 2017
149
119.Have a Snack, Pay with Bitcoins Bamert, Tobias and Decker, Christian and Elsen, Lennart and Wattenhofer, Roger and Welten, Samuel. 2013
147
120.A Decentralized Public Key Infrastructure with Identity Retention. Fromknecht, Conner and Velicanu, Dragos and Yakoubov, Sophia. 2014
147
121.Atomic cross-chain swaps Herlihy, Maurice. 2018
143
122.Fair two-party computations via bitcoin deposits Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
141
123.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016  
139
124.Ekiden: A Platform for Confidentiality-Preserving, Trustworthy, and Performant Smart Contracts Cheng, Raymond and Zhang, Fan and Kos, Jernej and He, Warren and Hynes, Nicholas and Johnson, Noah and Juels, Ari and Miller, Andrew and Song, Dawn. 2019
138
125.Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing. Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, A. 2013
137
126.Verifiable Delay Functions Dan Boneh, Joseph Bonneau, Benedikt Bünz, Ben Fisch. 2018  
137
127.Smartcheck: Static analysis of ethereum smart contracts Tikhomirov, Sergei and Voskresenskaya, Ekaterina and Ivanitskiy, Ivan and Takhaviev, Ramil and Marchenko, Evgeny and Alexandrov, Yaroslav. 2018   
134
128.ContractFuzzer: fuzzing smart contracts for vulnerability detection Jiang, Bo and Liu, Ye and Chan, WK. 2018
128
129.Towards Verifying Ethereum Smart Contract Bytecode in Isabelle/HOL Amani, Sidney and B\'egel, Myriam and Bortin, Maksym and Staples, Mark. 2018
125
130.The ring of gyges: Investigating the future of criminal smart contracts Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Shi, Elaine. 2016
124
131.Incentive Compatibility of Bitcoin Mining Pool Reward Functions Schrijvers, Okke and Bonneau, Joseph and Boneh, Dan and Roughgarden, Tim. 2016
124
132.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
124
133.Zcash protocol specification Hopwood, Daira and Bowe, Sean and Hornby, Taylor and Wilcox, Nathan. 2016
123
134.Speed-Security Tradeoffs in Blockchain Protocols Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2015
122
135.Thunderella: Blockchains with Optimistic Instant Confirmation Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2017
122
136.On Bitcoin as a public randomness source. Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Goldfeder, Steven. 2015
121
137.Threshold-optimal DSA/ECDSA signatures and an application to Bitcoin wallet security Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
120
138.Pbft vs proof-of-authority: applying the cap theorem to permissioned blockchain De Angelis, Stefano and Aniello, Leonardo and Baldoni, Roberto and Lombardi, Federico and Margheri, Andrea and Sassone, Vladimiro. 2018
120
139.Ligero: Lightweight sublinear arguments without a trusted setup Ames, Scott and Hazay, Carmit and Ishai, Yuval and Venkitasubramaniam, Muthuramakrishnan. 2017  
118
140.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
118
141.ZKBoo: Faster Zero-Knowledge for Boolean Circuits. Giacomelli, Irene and Madsen, Jesper and Orlandi, Claudio. 2016
117
142.RingCT 2.0: A Compact Accumulator-Based (Linkable Ring Signature) Protocol for Blockchain Cryptocurrency Monero Sun, Shi-Feng and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Joseph K and Yuen, Tsz Hon. 2017
117
143.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
116
144.Ring Signature Confidential Transactions for Monero Shen Noether. 2015
114
145.Efficient RAM and control flow in verifiable outsourced computation. Wahby, Riad S and Setty, Srinath TV and Ren, Zuocheng and Blumberg, Andrew J and Walfish, Michael. 2015
114
146.Madmax: Surviving out-of-gas conditions in ethereum smart contracts Grech, Neville and Kong, Michael and Jurisevic, Anton and Brent, Lexi and Scholz, Bernhard and Smaragdakis, Yannis. 2018
114
147.Chainspace: A Sharded Smart Contracts Platform Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Hrycyszyn, Dave and Danezis, George. 2017
113
148.Smart contracts: security patterns in the ethereum ecosystem and solidity Wohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2018
113
149.Secure sampling of public parameters for succinct zero knowledge proofs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2015
112
150.Resolving the conflict between generality and plausibility in verified computation Setty, Srinath and Braun, Benjamin and Vu, Victor and Blumberg, Andrew J and Parno, Bryan and Walfish, Michael. 2013
112
151.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
110
152.Deterministic usage of the digital signature algorithm (DSA) and elliptic curve digital signature algorithm (ECDSA) Pornin, Thomas. 2013
110
153.Hotstuff: Bft consensus with linearity and responsiveness Yin, Maofan and Malkhi, Dahlia and Reiter, Michael K and Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai. 2019
109
154.SCPKI: A smart contract-based PKI and identity system Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2017
108
155.A traceability analysis of monero’s blockchain Kumar, Amrit and Fischer, Cl\'ement and Tople, Shruti and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
108
156.Ouroboros Genesis: Composable Proof-of-Stake Blockchains with Dynamic Availability Christian Badertscher and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2018
105
157.Interactive oracle proofs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Spooner, Nicholas. 2016   
103
158.Pinocchio coin Danezis, George and Fournet, Cedric and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Parno, Bryan. 2013
102
159.Theoretical Bitcoin Attacks with less than Half of the Computational Power (draft) Lear Bahack. 2013
102
160.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits in the discrete log setting Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Chaidos, Pyrros and Groth, Jens and Petit, Christophe. 2016
101
161.Anonymous Byzantine Consensus from Moderately-Hard Puzzles: A Model for Bitcoin Miller, Andrew and Jr, Jj LaViola. 2014
101
162.Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions Miller, Andrew and Kosba, Ahmed and Katz, Jonathan and Shi, Elaine. 2015
100
163.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
99
164.Taxonomy of blockchain technologies. Principles of identification and classification Tasca, Paolo and Tessone, Claudio J. 2017
99
165.One-out-of-many proofs: Or how to leak a secret and spend a coin Groth, Jens and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2015
98
166.Spacecoin : A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Park, Sunoo and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Alwen, Joel and Fuchsbauer, Georg and Gazi, Peter. 2015
96
167.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
96
168.teether: Gnawing at ethereum to automatically exploit smart contracts Krupp, Johannes and Rossow, Christian. 2018  
96
169.Proofs of Space: When Space is of the Essence Ateniese, Giuseppe and Bonacina, Ilario and Faonio, Antonio and Galesi, Nicola. 2013
95
170.How to use bitcoin to play decentralized poker Kumaresan, Ranjit and Moran, Tal and Bentov, Iddo. 2015
95
171.Online detection of effectively callback free objects with applications to smart contracts Grossman, Shelly and Abraham, Ittai and Golan-Gueta, Guy and Michalevsky, Yan and Rinetzky, Noam and Sagiv, Mooly and Zohar, Yoni. 2017
92
172.DFINITY Technology Overview Series, Consensus System Hanke, Timo and Movahedi, Mahnush and Williams, Dominic. 2018  
91
173.Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2015
91
174.Blockchain Access Privacy: Challenges and Directions Henry, Ryan and Herzberg, Amir and Kate, Aniket. 2018
91
175.Polkadot: Vision for a heterogeneous multi-chain framework Wood, Gavin. 2016
90
176.SMART POOL : Practical Decentralized Pooled Mining Luu, Loi and Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
88
177.Simple schnorr multi-signatures with applications to bitcoin Maxwell, Gregory and Poelstra, Andrew and Seurin, Yannick and Wuille, Pieter. 2018
87
178.Designing secure Ethereum smart contracts: A finite state machine based approach Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron. 2017
86
179.Square span programs with applications to succinct NIZK arguments Danezis, George and Fournet, C\'edric and Groth, Jens and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2014  
85
180.A scalable verification solution for blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Reitwie\ssner, Christian. 2017
82
181.Aurora: Transparent Succinct Arguments for R1CS Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Riabzev, Michael and Spooner, Nicholas and Virza, Madars and Ward, Nicholas P. 2018  
82
182.Succinct non-interactive zero knowledge arguments from span programs and linear error-correcting codes Lipmaa, Helger. 2013  
82
183.Simple verifiable delay functions Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. 2019
81
184.Vandal: A scalable security analysis framework for smart contracts Brent, Lexi and Jurisevic, Anton and Kong, Michael and Liu, Eric and Gauthier, Francois and Gramoli, Vincent and Holz, Ralph and Scholz, Bernhard. 2018
81
185.Compact Multi-Signatures for Smaller Blockchains Dan Boneh and Manu Drijvers and Gregory Neven. 2018
80
186.Efficient verifiable delay functions Wesolowski, Benjamin. 2019  
78
187.MiMC: Efficient encryption and cryptographic hashing with minimal multiplicative complexity Albrecht, Martin and Grassi, Lorenzo and Rechberger, Christian and Roy, Arnab and Tiessen, Tyge. 2016
78
188.A concurrent perspective on smart contracts Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas. 2017
77
189.High Parallel Complexity Graphs and Memory-Hard Functions Alwen, Jo\"el and Serbinenko, Vladimir. 2015
76
190.Chain interoperability Buterin, Vitalik. 2016
76
191.Scp: A computationally-scalable byzantine consensus protocol for blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Baweja, Kunal and Zheng, Chaodong and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
76
192.Snarky Signatures: Minimal Signatures of Knowledge from Simulation-Extractable SNARKs Jens Groth and Mary Maller. 2017  
75
193.PHANTOM: A Scalable BlockDAG Protocol Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. 2018
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194.On Trees, Chains and Fast Transactions in the Blockchain Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2016
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195.Doubly-efficient zkSNARKs without trusted setup Riad S. Wahby and Ioanna Tzialla and abhi shelat and Justin Thaler and Michael Walfish. 2017  
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196.When bitcoin mining pools run dry Laszka, Aron and Johnson, Benjamin and Grossklags, Jens. 2015
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197.A multi-party protocol for constructing the public parameters of the Pinocchio zk-SNARK Bowe, Sean and Gabizon, Ariel and Green, Matthew D. 2018
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198.Fast secure two-party ECDSA signing Lindell, Yehuda. 2017   
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199.An Empirical Analysis of Anonymity in Zcash Kappos, George and Yousaf, Haaroon and Maller, Mary and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018  
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200.A protocol for interledger payments Thomas, Stefan and Schwartz, Evan. 2015
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201.KEVM: A Complete Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine Hildenbrandt, Everett and Saxena, Manasvi and Zhu, Xiaoran and Rodrigues, Nishant and Daian, Philip and Guth, Dwight and Rosu, Grigore. 2017   
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202.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
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203.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
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204.Non-interactive proofs of proof-of-work Aggelos Kiayias and Andrew Miller and Dionysis Zindros. 2017
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205.Empirical Vulnerability Analysis of Automated Smart Contracts Security Testing on Blockchains Parizi, Reza M and Dehghantanha, Ali and Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond and Singh, Amritraj. 2018
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206.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018   
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207.On the Malleability of Bitcoin Transactions Marcin Andrychowicz and Stefan Dziembowski and Daniel Malinowski and Lukasz Mazurek. 2015
66
208.Scilla: a Smart Contract Intermediate-Level LAnguage Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018   
66
209.FairSwap: How to fairly exchange digital goods Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian. 2018
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210.Accountable privacy for decentralized anonymous payments Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2016
66
211.SpaceMint: A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Sunoo Park and Albert Kwon and Georg Fuchsbauer and Peter Gaži and Joël Alwen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2015
65
212.Arbitrum: scalable, private smart contracts Kalodner, Harry and Goldfeder, Steven and Chen, Xiaoqi and Weinberg, S Matthew and Felten, Edward W. 2018  
65
213.SilentWhispers: Enforcing security and privacy in credit networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo. 2017
65
214.Sonic: Zero-Knowledge SNARKs from Linear-Size Universal and Updateable Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary and Bowe, Sean and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2019   
65
215.An Empirical Analysis of Linkability in the Monero Blockchain Andrew Miller and Malte M\"oser and Kevin Lee and Arvind Narayanan. 2017
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216.Bitcoin's security model revisited Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
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217.Towards scaling blockchain systems via sharding Dang, Hung and Dinh, Tien Tuan Anh and Loghin, Dumitrel and Chang, Ee-Chien and Lin, Qian and Ooi, Beng Chin. 2019
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218.Zero-Knowledge Contingent Payments Revisited: Attacks and Payments for Services Matteo Campanelli and Rosario Gennaro and Steven Goldfeder and Luca Nizzardo. 2017
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219.Ouroboros Praos: An adaptively-secure, semi-synchronous proof-of-stake protocol Bernardo David and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2017
63
220.Low-Resource Eclipse Attacks on Ethereum’s Peer-to-Peer Network Marcus, Yuval and Heilman, Ethan and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
63
221.Sealed-Glass Proofs: Using Transparent Enclaves to Prove and Sell Knowledge. Tramer, Florian and Zhang, Fan and Lin, Huang and Hubaux, Jean-Pierre and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
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222.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
63
223.Solidus: An Incentive-compatible Cryptocurrency Based on Permissionless Byzantine Consensus Abraham, Ittai and Malkhi, Dahlia and Nayak, Kartik and Ren, Ling and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2016
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224.Publicly Verifiable Proofs of Sequential Work Mahmoody, Mohammad and Moran, Tal and Vadhan, Salil. 2013
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225.Micropayments for decentralized currencies Pass, Rafael and Shelat, Abhi. 2015
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226.Stake-Bleeding Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2018
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227.Simplicity: A new language for blockchains O'Connor, Russell. 2017
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228.Flare: An approach to routing in lightning network Prihodko, Pavel and Zhigulin, Slava and Sahno, Mykola and Ostrovskiy, Aleksei and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2016
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229.Towards bitcoin payment networks McCorry, Patrick and M\"oser, Malte and Shahandasti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
60
230.How did dread pirate roberts acquire and protect his bitcoin wealth? Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2014
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231.Astraea: A decentralized blockchain oracle Adler, John and Berryhill, Ryan and Veneris, Andreas and Poulos, Zissis and Veira, Neil and Kastania, Anastasia. 2018
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232.Cosmos: A network of distributed ledgers Kwon, Jae and Buchman, Ethan. 2016  
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233.EthIKS: Using Ethereum to audit a CONIKS key transparency log Bonneau, Joseph. 2016
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234.Decentralized reputation Tassos Dimitriou. 2020
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235.Hotstuff: Bft consensus in the lens of blockchain Yin, Maofan and Malkhi, Dahlia and Reiter, Michael K and Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai. 2018
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236.Batching Techniques for Accumulators with Applications to IOPs and Stateless Blockchains Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Benjamin. 2018   
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237.Privacy preserving payments in credit networks Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Pecina, Kim. 2015
54
238.Liar, liar, coins on fire!: Penalizing equivocation by loss of bitcoins Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket and Schr\"oder, Dominique. 2015
54
239.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019  
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240.Tezos -- a self-amending crypto-ledger Goodman, L.M.. 2014
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241.Subversion-zero-knowledge SNARKs Georg Fuchsbauer. 2017
53
242.Updatable and Universal Common Reference Strings with Applications to zk-SNARKs Jens Groth and Markulf Kohlweiss and Mary Maller and Sarah Meiklejohn and Ian Miers. 2018
53
243.Setting standards for altering and undoing smart contracts Marino, Bill and Juels, Ari. 2016
53
244.Osiris: Hunting for integer bugs in ethereum smart contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Sch\"utte, Julian and others. 2018
53
245.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
52
246.0x: An open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain Warren, Will and Bandeali, Amir. 2017
51
247.Tesseract: Real-Time Cryptocurrency Exchange using Trusted Hardware. Bentov, Iddo and Ji, Yan and Zhang, Fan and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Daian, Philip and Juels, Ari. 2017
51
248.Fast secure multiparty ecdsa with practical distributed key generation and applications to cryptocurrency custody Lindell, Yehuda and Nof, Ariel. 2018
51
249.Formal verification of smart contracts based on users and blockchain behaviors models Abdellatif, Tesnim and Brousmiche, Kei-L\'eo. 2018
51
250.A Subversion-Resistant SNARK Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Michal Zajac. 2017  
50
251.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018   
50
252.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
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253.Erays: Reverse engineering ethereum’s opaque smart contracts Zhou, Yi and Kumar, Deepak and Bakshi, Surya and Mason, Joshua and Miller, Andrew and Bailey, Michael. 2018
50
254.A Survey of Two Verifiable Delay Functions. Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Ben. 2018
50
255.Scalable Multi-party Computation for zk-SNARK Parameters in the Random Beacon Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon and Ian Miers. 2017
49
256.The Gap Game Tsabary, Itay and Eyal, Ittay. 2018
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257.Zether: Towards Privacy in a Smart Contract World. B\"unz, Benedikt and Agrawal, Shashank and Zamani, Mahdi and Boneh, Dan. 2019   
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258.Fast multiparty threshold ecdsa with fast trustless setup Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven. 2018  
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259.Analysis of the XRP ledger consensus protocol Chase, Brad and MacBrough, Ethan. 2018
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260.Obsidian: a safer blockchain programming language Coblenz, Michael. 2017
48
261.A Better Method to Analyze Blockchain Consistency Kiffer, Lucianna and Rajaraman, Rajmohan and others. 2018
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262.Secure two-party threshold ECDSA from ECDSA assumptions Doerner, Jack and Kondi, Yashvanth and Lee, Eysa and Shelat, Abhi. 2018
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263.Balloon Hashing: A Memory-Hard Function Providing Provable Protection Against Sequential Attacks Boneh, Dan and Corrigan-Gibbs, Henry and Schechter, Stuart. 2016
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264.Provisions: Privacy-preserving Proofs of Solvency for Bitcoin Exchanges Dagher, Gaby G and Bünz, Benedikt and Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Boneh, Dan. 2015
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265.zkLedger: Privacy-Preserving Auditing for Distributed Ledgers Neha Narula and Willy Vasquez and Madars Virza. 2018  
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266.Bitmessage: A Peer-to-Peer Message Authentication and Delivery System Warren, Jonathan. 2012
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267.Instantaneous Decentralized Poker Iddo Bentov and Ranjit Kumaresan and Andrew Miller. 2017  
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268.On The Longest Chain Rule and Programmed Self-Destruction of Crypto Currencies Courtois, Nicolas T. 2014
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269.Socially Optimal Mining Pools Ben A. Fisch and Rafael Pass and Abhi Shelat. 2017
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270.Sok: A consensus taxonomy in the blockchain era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2018
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271.Rethinking Large-Scale Consensus Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2018
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272.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
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273.Network layer aspects of permissionless blockchains Neudecker, Till and Hartenstein, Hannes. 2018
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274.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018   
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275.Smashing ethereum smart contracts for fun and real profit Mueller, Bernhard. 2018  
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276.Mechanising Blockchain Consensus P\^\irlea, George and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
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277.Channels: Horizontal scaling and confidentiality on permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Cachin, Christian and De Caro, Angelo and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios. 2018
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278.Strong federations: An interoperable blockchain solution to centralized third-party risks Dilley, Johnny and Poelstra, Andrew and Wilkins, Jonathan and Piekarska, Marta and Gorlick, Ben and Friedenbach, Mark. 2016
42
279.Lattice-based SNARGs and their application to more efficient obfuscation Boneh, Dan and Ishai, Yuval and Sahai, Amit and Wu, David J. 2017  
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280.M{\"o}bius: Trustless Tumbling for Transaction Privacy Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2017
41
281.EthIR: A Framework for High-Level Analysis of Ethereum Bytecode Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Livshits, Benjamin and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
40
282.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017  
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283.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
40
284.A formal verification tool for Ethereum VM Bytecode Park, Daejun and Zhang, Yi and Saxena, Manasvi and Daian, Philip and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2018
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285.Augur: a decentralized oracle and prediction market platform Peterson, Jack and Krug, Joseph and Zoltu, Micah and Williams, Austin K and Alexander, Stephanie. 2018
40
286.Strain: A Secure Auction for Blockchains Erik-Oliver Blass and Florian Kerschbaum. 2017
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287.Listening to whispers of ripple: Linking wallets and deanonymizing transactions in the ripple network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Zafar, Muhammad Bilal and Kate, Aniket. 2016
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288.Increasing anonymity in bitcoin Saxena, Amitabh and Misra, Janardan and Dhar, Aritra. 2014
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289.Certified Bitcoins Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faonio, Antonio and Magri, Bernardo and de Medeiros, Breno. 2014
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290.ZombieCoin: powering next-generation botnets with bitcoin Ali, Syed Taha and McCorry, Patrick and Lee, Peter Hyun-Jeen and Hao, Feng. 2015
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291.Zexe: Enabling decentralized private computation Bowe, S and Chiesa, A and Green, M and Miers, I and Mishra, P and Wu, H. 2018   
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292.Sub-linear lattice-based zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits Baum, Carsten and Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Del Pino, Rafa\"el and Groth, Jens and Lyubashevsky, Vadim. 2018
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293.Short paper: Service-oriented sharding for blockchains Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2017
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294.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
38
295.Proof-of-Stake Sidechains. Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
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296.Marlin: Preprocessing zkSNARKs with Universal and Updatable SRS Alessandro Chiesa and Yuncong Hu and Mary Maller and Pratyush Mishra and Noah Vesely and Nicholas Ward. 2019  
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297.Securing Bitcoin wallets via a new DSA/ECDSA threshold signature scheme Goldfeder, Steven and Gennaro, Rosario and Kalodner, Harry and Bonneau, Joseph and Kroll, Joshua A and Felten, Edward W and Narayanan, Arvind. 2015
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298.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
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299.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
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300.Deconstructing the Blockchain to Approach Physical Limits Bagaria, Vivek and Kannan, Sreeram and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
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301.Libra: Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Optimal Prover Computation Xie, Tiacheng and Zhang, Jiaheng and Zhang, Yupeng and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Song, Dawn. 2019   
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302.Modeling bitcoin contracts by timed automata Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2014
37
303.Sereum: Protecting Existing Smart Contracts Against Re-Entrancy Attacks Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2018  
37
304.Scalable Zero Knowledge with No Trusted Setup Ben-Sasson, Eli and Bentov, Iddo and Horesh, Yinon and Riabzev, Michael. 2019
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305.PLONK: Permutations over Lagrange-bases for Oecumenical Noninteractive arguments of Knowledge Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson and Oana Ciobotaru. 2019   
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306.Filecoin: A decentralized storage network Benet, J and Greco, N. 2018   
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307.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
36
308.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
36
309.Towards safer smart contracts: A survey of languages and verification methods Harz, Dominik and Knottenbelt, William. 2018
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310.Simple Proofs of Sequential Work Bram Cohen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2018
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311.Zero-Collateral Lotteries in Bitcoin and Ethereum Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo. 2016
35
312.Flash Boys 2.0: Frontrunning, Transaction Reordering, and Consensus Instability in Decentralized Exchanges Daian, Philip and Goldfeder, Steven and Kell, Tyler and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Bentov, Iddo and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Juels, Ari. 2019  
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313.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019  
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314.Hostile blockchain takeovers (short paper) Joseph Bonneau. 2018
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315.VerX: Safety Verification of Smart Contracts Permenev, Anton and Dimitrov, Dimitar and Tsankov, Petar and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Vechev, Martin. 2019
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316.Ethereum smart contracts: Security vulnerabilities and security tools Dika, Ardit. 2017
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317.Findel: Secure derivative contracts for Ethereum Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Tikhomirov, Sergei. 2017  
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318.Proofs of Proofs of Work with Sublinear Complexity Kiayias, Aggelos and Lamprou, Nikolaos and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2016
34
319.Bulletproofs: Efficient range proofs for confidential transactions B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2017
34
320.Slither: a static analysis framework for smart contracts Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Groce, Alex. 2019  
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321.Routing cryptocurrency with the spider network Sivaraman, Vibhaalakshmi and Venkatakrishnan, Shaileshh Bojja and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
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322.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
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323.IKP: Turning a PKI Around with Blockchains Stephanos Matsumoto and Raphael M. Reischuk. 2016
33
324.Cuckoo Cycle: a memory bound graph-theoretic proof-of-work Tromp, John. 2015
33
325.Proofs-of-delay and randomness beacons in ethereum B\"unz, Benedikt and Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph. 2017
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326.Exploiting the laws of order in smart contracts Kolluri, Aashish and Nikolic, Ivica and Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas and Saxena, Prateek. 2019
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327.Formal Barriers to Longest-Chain Proof-of-Stake Protocols Brown-Cohen, Jonah and Narayanan, Arvind and Psomas, Christos-Alexandros and Weinberg, S Matthew. 2018
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328.Decentralized anonymous micropayments Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Liu, Jingcheng and Miao, Peihan and Miers, Ian and Mishra, Pratyush. 2017  
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329.ALGORAND AGREEMENT: Super Fast and Partition Resilient Byzantine Agreement. Chen, Jing and Gorbunov, Sergey and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios. 2018
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330.Confidential assets Poelstra, Andrew and Back, Adam and Friedenbach, Mark and Maxwell, Gregory and Wuille, Pieter. 2018
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331.Quasi-linear size zero knowledge from linear-algebraic PCPs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Gabizon, Ariel and Virza, Madars. 2016
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332.Anonymous alone? measuring Bitcoin’s second-generation anonymization techniques M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2017
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333.Cross-chain Deals and Adversarial Commerce Herlihy, Maurice and Liskov, Barbara and Shrira, Liuba. 2019
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334.Transparent SNARKs from DARK Compilers Benedikt Bünz and Ben Fisch and Alan Szepieniec. 2019  
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335.Model-Checking of Smart Contracts Nehai, Zeinab and Piriou, Pierre-Yves and Daumas, Frederic. 2018
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336.Manticore: A User-Friendly Symbolic Execution Framework for Binaries and Smart Contracts Mossberg, Mark and Manzano, Felipe and Hennenfent, Eric and Groce, Alex and Grieco, Gustavo and Feist, Josselin and Brunson, Trent and Dinaburg, Artem. 2019  
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337.A user-centric system for verified identities on the bitcoin blockchain Augot, Daniel and Chabanne, Herv\'e and Chenevier, Thomas and George, William and Lambert, Laurent. 2017
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338.Interledger: Creating a standard for payments Hope-Bailie, Adrian and Thomas, Stefan. 2016
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339.Porosity: A decompiler for blockchain-based smart contracts bytecode Suiche, Matt. 2017
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340.A survey of tools for analyzing ethereum smart contracts Di Angelo, Monika and Salzer, Gernot. 2019
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341.On the linkability of Zcash transactions Quesnelle, Jeffrey. 2017
30
342.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
29
343.Constant-deposit multiparty lotteries on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2017
29
344.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
29
345.Lay down the common metrics: Evaluating proof-of-work consensus protocols’ security Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2019  
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346.Graphene: A new protocol for block propagation using set reconciliation Ozisik, A Pinar and Andresen, Gavin and Bissias, George and Houmansadr, Amir and Levine, Brian. 2017
29
347.Distributed Cryptography Based on the Proofs of Work. Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan. 2014
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348.Proof-of-Work Sidechains Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
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349.Raziel: private and verifiable smart contracts on blockchains S\'anchez, David Cerezo. 2018
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350.Polyshard: Coded sharding achieves linearly scaling efficiency and security simultaneously Li, Songze and Yu, Mingchao and Avestimehr, Salman and Kannan, Sreeram and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
28
351.TwinsCoin: A Cryptocurrency via Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake Chepurnoy, Alexander and Duong, Tuyet and Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2017
27
352.Improving Authenticated Dynamic Dictionaries, with Applications to Cryptocurrencies Reyzin, Leonid and Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Ivanov, Sasha. 2016
27
353.SPECTRE: Serialization of Proof-of-work Events: Confirming Transactions via Recursive Elections Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Lewenberg, Yoad and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
27
354.VeriSolid: Correct-by-Design Smart Contracts for Ethereum Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron and Stachtiari, Emmanouela and Dubey, Abhishek. 2019
27
355.Smt-based verification of solidity smart contracts Alt, Leonardo and Reitwiessner, Christian. 2018
27
356.Enter the Hydra: Towards Principled Bug Bounties and Exploit-Resistant Smart Contracts Breidenbach, Lorenz and Cornell Tech, IC and Daian, Philip and Tramer, Florian and Juels, Ari. 2018  
26
357.Quisquis: A New Design for Anonymous Cryptocurrencies Fauzi, Prastudy and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Mercer, Rebekah and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018  
26
358.Coconut: Threshold Issuance Selective Disclosure Credentials with Applications to Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Bano, Shehar and Danezis, George. 2018
26
359.TxProbe: Discovering Bitcoin's Network Topology Using Orphan Transactions Delgado-Segura, Sergi and Bakshi, Surya and P\'erez-Sol\`a, Cristina and Litton, James and Pachulski, Andrew and Miller, Andrew and Bhattacharjee, Bobby. 2018
26
360.Why buy when you can rent? bribery attacks on bitcoin consensus Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward W and Goldfeder, Steven and Kroll, Joshua A and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
26
361.Starkad and Poseidon: New Hash Functions for Zero Knowledge Proof Systems. Grassi, Lorenzo and Kales, Daniel and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Roy, Arnab and Rechberger, Christian and Schofnegger, Markus. 2019  
26
362.Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Composite Statements Shashank Agrawal and Chaya Ganesh and Payman Mohassel. 2018  
25
363.Darkcoin : Peer ­ to ­ Peer Crypto ­ Currency with Anonymous Blockchain Transactions and an Improved Proof ­ of ­ Work System Duffield, Evan and Hagan, Kyle. 2014
25
364.Service-Oriented Sharding with Aspen Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
25
365.Communication complexity of byzantine agreement, revisited Abraham, Ittai and Chan, TH and Dolev, Danny and Nayak, Kartik and Pass, Rafael and Ren, Ling and Shi, Elaine. 2018
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366.Incentives in Ethereum's Hybrid Casper Protocol Buterin, Vitalik and Reijsbergen, Daniel and Leonardos, Stefanos and Piliouras, Georgios. 2019
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367.Atomic commitment across blockchains Zakhary, Victor and Agrawal, Divyakant and Abbadi, Amr El. 2019
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368.Safer smart contract programming with Scilla Sergey, Ilya and Nagaraj, Vaivaswatha and Johannsen, Jacob and Kumar, Amrit and Trunov, Anton and Hao, Ken Chan Guan. 2019
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369.Lightweight delegatable proofs of storage Xu, Jia and Yang, Anjia and Zhou, Jianying and Wong, Duncan S. 2016
25
370.C$\emptyset$C$\emptyset$: A Framework for Building Composable Zero-Knowledge Proofs Ahmed Kosba and Zhichao Zhao and Andrew Miller and Yi Qian and Hubert Chan and Charalampos Papamanthou and Rafael Pass and abhi shelat and Elaine Shi. 2015
24
371.Agreement with Satoshi – On the Formalization of Nakamoto Consensus Nicholas Stifter and Aljosha Judmayer and Philipp Schindler and Alexei Zamyatin and Edgar Weippl. 2018
24
372.Chimeric Ledgers: Translating and Unifying UTXO-based and Account-based Cryptocurrencies Joachim Zahnentferner. 2018
24
373.Mind your credit: Assessing the health of the ripple credit network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Modi, Navin and Songhela, Raghuvir and Kate, Aniket and Fahmy, Sonia. 2017
24
374.The Art of The Scam: Demystifying Honeypots in Ethereum Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Steichen, Mathis. 2019   
24
375.Calypso: Auditable sharing of private data over blockchains Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Alp, Enis Ceyhun and Siby, Sandra Deepthy and Gailly, Nicolas and Gasser, Linus and Jovanovic, Philipp and Syta, Ewa and Ford, Bryan. 2018
24
376.Analyzing Ethereum's Contract Topology Kiffer, Lucianna and Levin, Dave and Mislove, Alan. 2018
24
377.Privacy-preserving solutions for Blockchain: review and challenges Bernabe, Jorge Bernal and Canovas, Jose L and Hernandez-Ramos, Jose L and Moreno, Rafael Torres and Skarmeta, Antonio. 2019
24
378.Feistel Structures for MPC, and more Albrecht, Martin R and Grassi, Lorenzo and Perrin, L\'eo and Ramacher, Sebastian and Rechberger, Christian and Rotaru, Dragos and Roy, Arnab and Schofnegger, Markus. 2019
24
379.Bootstrapping the Blockchain, with Applications to Consensus and Fast PKI Setup Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2018
23
380.Formal verification of Deed contract in Ethereum name service Hirai, Yoichi. 2016   
23
381.Alt chains and atomic transfers Tier Nolan. 2013
23
382.Marlowe: Financial contracts on blockchain Seijas, Pablo Lamela and Thompson, Simon. 2018   
23
383.Interactive oracle proofs with constant rate and query complexity Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Gabizon, Ariel and Riabzev, Michael and Spooner, Nicholas. 2017
23
384.Decaf: Eliminating cofactors through point compression Hamburg, Mike. 2015
23
385.Blockchain-Free Cryptocurrencies: A Framework for Truly Decentralised Fast Transactions Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2016
22
386.Ouroboros Crypsinous: Privacy-Preserving Proof-of-Stake Kerber, Thomas and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zikas, Vassilis. 2018  
22
387.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
22
388.Redactable blockchain in the permissionless setting Deuber, Dominic and Magri, Bernardo and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan. 2019  
22
389.Making Groth's zk-SNARK Simulation Extractable in the Random Oracle Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon. 2018
21
390.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018  
21
391.Lattice-Based zk-SNARKs from Square Span Programs Gennaro, Rosario and Minelli, Michele and Nitulescu, Anca and Orr\`u, Michele. 2018  
21
392.OHIE: Blockchain Scaling Made Simple Yu, Haifeng and Nikolic, Ivica and Hou, Ruomu and Saxena, Prateek. 2018
21
393.LegoSNARK: Modular Design and Composition of Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs Campanelli, Matteo and Fiore, Dario and Querol, Ana\"\is. 2019  
21
394.Interledger Approaches Siris, Vasilios A and Nikander, Pekka and Voulgaris, Spyros and Fotiou, Nikos and Lagutin, Dmitrij and Polyzos, George C. 2019
21
395.SoK: Communication Across Distributed Ledgers Alexei Zamyatin and Mustafa Al-Bassam and Dionysis Zindros and Eleftherios Kokoris-Kogias and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aggelos Kiayias and William J. Knottenbelt. 2019
21
396.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
20
397.Mimblewimble Poelstra, Andrew. 2016  
20
398.Reward Sharing Schemes for Stake Pools Br\"unjes, Lars and Kiayias, Aggelos and Koutsoupias, Elias and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2018
20
399.Compounding of Wealth in Proof-of-Stake Cryptocurrencies Fanti, Giulia and Kogan, Leonid and Oh, Sewoong and Ruan, Kathleen and Viswanath, Pramod and Wang, Gerui. 2018
20
400.SoK of Used Cryptography in Blockchain Raikwar, Mayank and Gligoroski, Danilo and Kralevska, Katina. 2019
20
401.Continuous verifiable delay functions Ephraim, Naomi and Freitag, Cody and Komargodski, Ilan and Pass, Rafael. 2019
20
402.Design of Symmetric-Key Primitives for Advanced Cryptographic Protocols Aly, Abdelrahaman and Ashur, Tomer and Ben-Sasson, Eli and Dhooghe, Siemen and Szepieniec, Alan. 2019  
20
403.Atomically Trading with Roger: Gambling on the success of a hardfork Patrick McCorry and Ethan Heilman and Andrew Miller. 2017
19
404.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
19
405.Tight proofs of space and replication Fisch, Ben. 2018
19
406.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
19
407.Flyclient: Super-Light Clients for Cryptocurrencies. B\"unz, Benedikt and Kiffer, Lucianna and Luu, Loi and Zamani, Mahdi. 2019  
19
408.State Machine Replication in the Libra Blockchain Baudet, Mathieu and Ching, Avery and Chursin, Andrey and Danezis, George and Garillot, Fran\ccois and Li, Zekun and Malkhi, Dahlia and Naor, Oded and Perelman, Dmitri and Sonnino, Alberto. 2019
19
409.Synchronous, with a Chance of Partition Tolerance. Guo, Yue and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
19
410.Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus Ling Ren. 2019
19
411.Fractal: Post-Quantum and Transparent Recursive Proofs from Holography Alessandro Chiesa and Dev Ojha and Nicholas Spooner. 2019   
19
412.Off-chaining models and approaches to off-chain computations Eberhardt, Jacob and Heiss, Jonathan. 2018
19
413.Learning to Fuzz from Symbolic Execution with Application to Smart Contracts He, Jingxuan and Balunovi\'c, Mislav and Ambroladze, Nodar and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
19
414.Algebraic cryptanalysis of STARK-friendly designs: application to MARVELlous and MiMC Albrecht, Martin R and Cid, Carlos and Grassi, Lorenzo and Khovratovich, Dmitry and L\"uftenegger, Reinhard and Rechberger, Christian and Schofnegger, Markus. 2019
19
415.Committing to quantum resistance: A slow defence for Bitcoin against a fast quantum computing attack Stewart, Iain and Ilie, D and Zamyatin, Alexei and Werner, Sam and Torshizi, MF and Knottenbelt, William J. 2018
19
416.Private Key Recovery Combination Attacks: On Extreme Fragility of Popular Bitcoin Key Management, Wallet and Cold Storage Solutions in Presence of Poor RNG Events. Courtois, Nicolas T and Valsorda, Filippo and Emirdag, Pinar. 2014
19
417.Proofs of Work from Worst-Case Assumptions Marshall Ball and Alon Rosen and Manuel Sabin and Prashant Nalini Vasudevan. 2018
18
418.How to Use SNARKs in Universally Composable Protocols. Kosba, Ahmed E and Zhao, Zhichao and Miller, Andrew and Qian, Yi and Chan, T-H Hubert and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Pass, Rafael and Shelat, Abhi and Shi, Elaine. 2015
18
419.DIZK: A Distributed Zero-Knowledge Proof System Wu, Howard and Zheng, Wenting and Chiesa, Alessandro and Popa, Raluca Ada and Stoica, Ion. 2018  
18
420.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
18
421.Biased Nonce Sense: Lattice Attacks against Weak ECDSA Signatures in Cryptocurrencies Breitner, Joachim and Heninger, Nadia. 2019  
18
422.FastKitten: Practical Smart Contracts on Bitcoin Das, Poulami and Eckey, Lisa and Frassetto, Tommaso and Gens, David and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina and Jauernig, Patrick and Faust, Sebastian and Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza. 2019
18
423.solc-verify: A Modular Verifier for Solidity Smart Contracts Hajdu, \'Akos and Jovanovi\'c, Dejan. 2019
18
424.Casper the friendly ghost: A correct by construction blockchain consensus protocol Zamfir, Vlad. 2017
18
425.Multi-party virtual state channels Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian and Hesse, Julia and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina. 2019
18
426.Atomic multi-channel updates with constant collateral in bitcoin-compatible payment-channel networks Egger, Christoph and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
18
427.Prism: Deconstructing the Blockchain to Approach Physical Limits Bagaria, Vivek and Kannan, Sreeram and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
18
428.On the (in) security of SNARKs in the presence of oracles Fiore, Dario and Nitulescu, Anca. 2016
18
429.PoReps: Proofs of Space on Useful Data Ben Fisch. 2018
17
430.Making bitcoin exchanges transparent Decker, Christian and Guthrie, James and Seidel, Jochen and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
17
431.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
17
432.Rational zero: Economic security for zerocoin with everlasting anonymity Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Rubin, Aviel D. 2014
17
433.xJsnark: a framework for efficient verifiable computation Kosba, Ahmed and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Shi, Elaine. 2018   
17
434.Threshold ECDSA from ECDSA Assumptions: The Multiparty Case Doerner, Jack and Kondi, Yashvanth and Lee, Eysa and Shelat, Abhi. 2019
17
435.Smart contracts and opportunities for formal methods Miller, Andrew and Cai, Zhicheng and Jha, Somesh. 2018
17
436.Simulation-Extractable SNARKs Revisited Lipmaa, Helger. 2019
17
437.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
16
438.PaLa: A Simple Partially Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
16
439.The Bitcoin brain drain: a short paper on the use and abuse of bitcoin brain wallets Vasek, Marie and Bonneau, Joseph and Castellucci, Ryan and Keith, Cameron and Moore, Tyler. 2016
16
440.A Proof-of-Stake protocol for consensus on Bitcoin subchains Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2017
16
441.Drivechains, sidechains and hybrid 2-way peg designs Lerner, Sergio Damian. 2016
16
442.Ethereum Query Language Bragagnolo, Santiago and Rocha, Henrique and Denker, Marcus and Ducasse, St\'ephane. 2018
15
443.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
15
444.EDRAX: A Cryptocurrency with Stateless Transaction Validation Chepurnoy, Alexander and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Zhang, Yupeng. 2018
15
445.MARVELlous: a STARK-Friendly Family of Cryptographic Primitives Tomer Ashur and Siemen Dhooghe. 2018
15
446.Precise Attack Synthesis for Smart Contracts Feng, Yu and Torlak, Emina and Bodik, Rastislav. 2019
15
447.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
15
448.Vault: Fast Bootstrapping for the Algorand Cryptocurrency. Leung, Derek and Suhl, Adam and Gilad, Yossi and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2019
15
449.Halo: Recursive Proof Composition without aTrusted Setup Bowe, Sean Grigg, Jack Hopwood, Daira. 2019  
15
450.Spartan: Efficient and general-purpose zkSNARKs without trusted setup Setty, Srinath. 2019  
15
451.Monitoring smart contracts: Contractlarva and open challenges beyond Azzopardi, Shaun and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
15
452.SoK: Sharding on Blockchain Gang Wang and Zhijie Jerry Shi and Mark Nixon and Song Han. 2019
15
453.(Short Paper) PieceWork: Generalized Outsourcing Control for Proofs of Work Philip Daian and Ittay Eyal and Ari Juels and Emin G\"un Sirer. 2017
14
454.Obscuro: A Bitcoin Mixer using Trusted Execution Environments Muoi Tran and Loi Luu and Min Suk Kang and Iddo Bentov and Prateek Saxena. 2017
14
455.Fraud Proofs: Maximising Light Client Security and Scaling Blockchains with Dishonest Majorities Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Buterin, Vitalik. 2018
14
456.Aggregate Cash Systems: A Cryptographic Investigation of Mimblewimble Fuchsbauer, Georg and Orr\`u, Michele and Seurin, Yannick. 2018
14
457.Ouroboros-BFT: A Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerant Consensus Protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
14
458.GASTAP: A Gas Analyzer for Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
14
459.Parallel Chains: Improving Throughput and Latency of Blockchain Protocols via Parallel Composition Fitzi, Matthias and Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
14
460.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Eskandari, Shayan and Moosavi, Seyedehmahsa and Clark, Jeremy. 2019
14
461.Anonymous Post-Quantum Cryptocash. Zhang, Huang and Zhang, Fangguo and Tian, Haibo and Au, Man Ho. 2017
14
462.Using level-1 homomorphic encryption to improve threshold dsa signatures for bitcoin wallet security Boneh, Dan and Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven. 2017
14
463.Correctness and fairness of tendermint-core blockchains Amoussou-Guenou, Yackolley and Del Pozzo, Antonella and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2018
14
464.Split payments in payment networks Piatkivskyi, Dmytro and Nowostawski, Mariusz. 2018
14
465.RingCT 3.0 for Blockchain Confidential Transaction: Shorter Size and Stronger Security Tsz Hon Yuen and Shi-feng Sun and Joseph K. Liu and Man Ho Au and Muhammed F. Esgin and Qingzhao Zhang and Dawu Gu. 2019
14
466.On cycles of pairing-friendly elliptic curves Chiesa, Alessandro and Chua, Lynn and Weidner, Matthew. 2019
14
467.Subvector commitments with application to succinct arguments Lai, Russell WF and Malavolta, Giulio. 2019  
14
468.Proofs of Work for Blockchain Protocols Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2017
13
469.Temporal Properties of Smart Contracts Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
13
470.Betting on Blockchain Consensus with Fantomette Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
13
471.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
13
472.Succinct Arguments in the Quantum Random Oracle Model Alessandro Chiesa and Peter Manohar and Nicholas Spooner. 2019
13
473.Hidden in Plain Sight: Storing and Managing Secrets on a Public Ledger. Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Alp, Enis Ceyhun and Siby, Sandra Deepthy and Gailly, Nicolas and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2018
13
474.CHURP: Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing. Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
13
475.A 2 L: Anonymous Atomic Locks for Scalability and Interoperability in Payment Channel Hubs Tairi, Erkan and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
13
476.A Systematic Approach To Cryptocurrency Fees Alexander Chepurnoy and Vasily Kharin and Dmitry Meshkov. 2018
12
477.Kaleidoscope: An Efficient Poker Protocol with Payment Distribution and Penalty Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2017  
12
478.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
12
479.Traceable Monero: Anonymous Cryptocurrency with Enhanced Accountability Li, Yannan and Yang, Guomin and Susilo, Willy and Yu, Yong and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Dongxi. 2019
12
480.Scalable and Probabilistic Leaderless BFT Consensus through Metastability Rocket, Team and Yin, Maofan and Sekniqi, Kevin and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2019
12
481.A Scalable Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng and Katz, Jonathan. 2018
12
482.StrongChain: Transparent and Collaborative Proof-of-Work Consensus Szalachowski, Pawel and Reijsbergen, Dani\"el and Homoliak, Ivan and Sun, Siwei. 2019
12
483.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
12
484.SoK: Tools for Game Theoretic Models of Security for Cryptocurrencies Azouvi, Sarah and Hicks, Alexander. 2019
12
485.Fast and simple constant-time hashing to the BLS12-381 elliptic curve Wahby, Riad S and Boneh, Dan. 2019  
12
486.Transparency Logs via Append-Only Authenticated Dictionaries Tomescu, Alin and Bhupatiraju, Vivek and Papadopoulos, Dimitrios and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Triandopoulos, Nikos and Devadas, Srinivas. 2019
12
487.Graphchain: a Blockchain-Free Scalable Decentralised Ledger Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2018
11
488.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
11
489.BeatCoin: Leaking Private Keys from Air-Gapped Cryptocurrency Wallets Guri, Mordechai. 2018
11
490.Burning Zerocoins for Fun and for Profit: A Cryptographic Denial-of-Spending Attack on the Zerocoin Protocol Tim Ruffing and Sri Aravinda Thyagarajan and Viktoria Ronge and Dominique Schröder. 2018
11
491.Blockmania: from Block DAGs to Consensus Danezis, George and Hrycyszyn, David. 2018
11
492.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
11
493.Proof-of-Stake Protocols for Privacy-Aware Blockchains Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio and Tschudi, Daniel. 2018
11
494.On the Practicality of Smart Contract PKI Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Kiayias, Aggelos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2019
11
495.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
11
496.Empirically Analyzing Ethereum's Gas Mechanism Yang, Renlord and Murray, Toby and Rimba, Paul and Parampalli, Udaya. 2019
11
497.Tight Verifiable Delay Functions D\"ottling, Nico and Garg, Sanjam and Malavolta, Giulio and Nalini, Prashant. 2019
11
498.EtherTrust: Sound static analysis of ethereum bytecode Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
11
499.Harvey: A greybox fuzzer for smart contracts W\"ustholz, Valentin and Christakis, Maria. 2019
11
500.On a Generalization of Substitution-Permutation Networks: The HADES Design Strategy Grassi, Lorenzo and L\"uftenegger, Reinhard and Rechberger, Christian and Rotaru, Dragos and Schofnegger, Markus. 2019
11
501.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
10
502.Blockclique: scaling blockchains through transaction sharding in a multithreaded block graph Forestier, S\'ebastien. 2018
10
503.R3C3: Cryptographically secure Censorship Resistant Rendezvous using Cryptocurrencies Mohsen Minaei and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aniket Kate. 2018
10
504.Tracing Transactions Across Cryptocurrency Ledgers Yousaf, Haaroon and Kappos, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
10
505.Consensus through Herding Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019  
10
506.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
10
507.The Aztec Protocol Zachary J., Williamson. 2018   
10
508.A survey on zero knowledge range proofs and applications Morais, Eduardo and Koens, Tommy and van Wijk, Cees and Koren, Aleksei. 2019
10
509.DeXTT: Deterministic Cross-Blockchain Token Transfers Borkowski, Michael and Sigwart, Marten and Frauenthaler, Philipp and Hukkinen, Taneli and Schulte, Stefan. 2019
10
510.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
10
511.Two-party ECDSA from hash proof systems and efficient instantiations Castagnos, Guilhem and Catalano, Dario and Laguillaumie, Fabien and Savasta, Federico and Tucker, Ida. 2019
10
512.Incremental proofs of sequential work D\"ottling, Nico and Lai, Russell WF and Malavolta, Giulio. 2019
10
513.Swap, Swear, and Swindle: Incentive System for Swarm Tr\'on, Viktor and Fischer, Aron and Nagy, D\'aniel A and Felf\"oldi, Zsolt and Johnson, Nick. 2016   
10
514.LockDown: Balance Availability Attack against Lightning Network Channels Cristina Pérez-Solà and Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí and Guillermo Navarro-Arribas and Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 2019
10
515.Transparent Polynomial Delegation and Its Applications to Zero Knowledge Proof Jiaheng Zhang and Tiancheng Xie and Yupeng Zhang and Dawn Song. 2019
10
516.Developing secure Bitcoin contracts with BitML Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Yoshida, Nobuko and Zunino, Roberto. 2019
10
517.Collisions on Feistel-MiMC and univariate GMiMC Bonnetain, Xavier. 2019
10
518.Coda: Decentralized Cryptocurrency at Scale Joseph Bonneau and Izaak Meckler and Vanishree Rao and Evan Shapiro. 2020  
10
519.UC-Secure CRS Generation for SNARKs Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Janno Siim and Michal Zajac. 2019
10
520.Automated Verification of Electrum Wallet Mathieu Turuani and Thomas Voegtlin and Micha\"el Rusinowitch. 2016
9
521.The Transaction Graph for Modeling Blockchain Semantics Christian Cachin and Angelo De Caro and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Bj\"orn Tackmann and Marko Vukoli\'c. 2017
9
522.Z-Channel: Scalable and Efficient Scheme in Zerocash Yuncong Zhang and Yu Long and Zhen Liu and Zhiqiang Liu and Dawu Gu. 2017
9
523.Pies: Public incompressible encodings for decentralized storage Cecchetti, Ethan and Miers, Ian and Juels, Ari. 2018
9
524.Contracts over Smart Contracts: Recovering from Violations Dynamically Colombo, Christian and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
9
525.Loopring: A decentralized token exchange protocol Wang, Daniel and Zhou, Jay and Wang, Alex and Finestone, Matthew. 2018  
9
526.Proofs of Replicated Storage Without Timing Assumptions. Damg\aard, Ivan and Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018
9
527.Rootstock: Bitcoin powered smart contracts Lerner, S Demian. 2015
9
528.Simple Proofs of Space-Time and Rational Proofs of Storage Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2019
9
529.Formal Specification and Verification of Smart Contracts for Azure Blockchain Lahiri, Shuvendu K and Chen, Shuo and Wang, Yuepeng and Dillig, Isil. 2018
9
530.An empirical analysis of monero cross-chain traceability Hinteregger, Abraham and Haslhofer, Bernhard. 2018
9
531.Power Adjusting and Bribery Racing: Novel Mining Attacks in the Bitcoin System Gao, Shang and Li, Zecheng and Peng, Zhe and Xiao, Bin. 2019
9
532.Partitioning Attacks on Bitcoin: Colliding Space, Time and Logic Saad, Muhammad and Cook, Victor and Nguyen, Lan and Thai, My T and Mohaisen, Aziz. 2019
9
533.On the efficiency of privacy-preserving smart contract systems Baghery, Karim. 2019
9
534.Omniring: Scaling Up Private Payments Without Trusted Setup Lai, Russell WF and Ronge, Viktoria and Ruffing, Tim and Schr\"oder, Dominique and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan and Wang, Jiafan. 2019
9
535.An analysis of Uniswap markets Angeris, Guillermo and Kao, Hsien-Tang and Chiang, Rei and Noyes, Charlie and Chitra, Tarun. 2019
9
536.Why Preventing a Cryptocurrency Exchange Heist Isn't Good Enough Patrick McCorry and Malte M\"oser and Syed Taha Ali. 2018
8
537.Public Accountability vs. Secret Laws: Can They Coexist?: A Cryptographic Proposal Goldwasser, Shafi and Park, Sunoo. 2017  
8
538.A Practical De-mixing Algorithm for Bitcoin Mixing Services Hong, Younggee and Kwon, Hyunsoo and Lee, Jihwan and Hur, Junbeom. 2018
8
539.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
8
540.Decentralized Blacklistable Anonymous Credentials with Reputation Yang, Rupeng and Au, Man Ho and Xu, Qiuliang and Yu, Zuoxia. 2017
8
541.Flux: Revisting Near Blocks for Proof-of-Work Blockchains Alexei Zamyatin and Nicholas Stifter and Philipp Schindler and Edgar Weippl and William J. Knottenbelt. 2018
8
542.Rational proofs of space-time Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2017
8
543.Towards a Smart Contract-based, Decentralized, Public-Key Infrastructure Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Roussopoulos, Mema and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2017
8
544.On the specification and verification of atomic swap smart contracts⋆ van der Meyden, Ron. 2018
8
545.Bancor Protocol Hertzog, Eyal and Benartzi, Guy and Benartzi, Galia. 2017
8
546.On the security of the BCTV Pinocchio zk-SNARK variant Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
8
547.Ouroboros Chronos: Permissionless Clock Synchronization via Proof-of-Stake Christian Badertscher and Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2019
8
548.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
8
549.Cryptanalysis of Curl-P and Other Attacks on the IOTA Cryptocurrency. Heilman, Ethan and Narula, Neha and Tanzer, Garrett and Lovejoy, James and Colavita, Michael and Virza, Madars and Dryja, Tadge. 2019
8
550.How perfect offline wallets can still leak bitcoin private keys Verb\"ucheln, Stephan. 2015
8
551.VeriSmart: A Highly Precise Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts So, Sunbeom and Lee, Myungho and Park, Jisu and Lee, Heejo and Oh, Hakjoo. 2019
8
552.Towards atomic cross-chain token transfers: State of the art and open questions within tast Borkowski, Michael and McDonald, Daniel and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
8
553.Temporary censorship attacks in the presence of rational miners Winzer, Fredrik and Herd, Benjamin and Faust, Sebastian. 2019
8
554.Broken Metre: Attacking Resource Metering in EVM Daniel Perez and Benjamin Livshits. 2019
8
555.Celer network: Bring internet scale to every blockchain Dong, Mo and Liang, Qingkai and Li, Xiaozhou and Liu, Junda. 2018
8
556.zkay: Specifying and Enforcing Data Privacy in Smart Contracts Steffen, Samuel and Bichsel, Benjamin and Gersbach, Mario and Melchior, Noa and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
8
557.Subversion-Resistant Simulation (Knowledge) Sound NIZKs Karim Baghery. 2019
8
558.Avoiding deadlocks in payment channel networks Werman, Shira and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
8
559.A Note on the Unsoundness of vnTinyRAM's SNARK. Parno, Bryan. 2015
8
560.Cascading Machine Learning to Attack Bitcoin Anonymity Zola, Francesco and Eguimendia, Maria and Bruse, Jan Lukas and Urrutia, Raul Orduna. 2019
8
561.Running on Fumes Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2019
8
562.Simulation Extractability in Groth’s zk-SNARK Atapoor, Shahla and Baghery, Karim. 2019
8
563.GASOL: Gas Analysis and Optimization for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
8
564.Streamlet: Textbook Streamlined Blockchains Benjamin Y Chan and Elaine Shi. 2020
8
565.A Treasury System for Cryptocurrencies: Enabling Better Collaborative Intelligence Bingsheng Zhang and Roman Oliynykov and Hamed Balogun. 2018
7
566.Retrofitting a two-way peg between blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Straka, Michael and Boneh, Dan. 2018   
7
567.Analysis of Deterministic Longest-Chain Protocols Shi, Elaine. 2018
7
568.Replay Attacks and Defenses against Cross-shard Consensus in Sharded Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Danezis, George. 2019
7
569.Ostraka: Secure Blockchain Scaling by Node Sharding Alex Manuskin and Michael Mirkin and Ittay Eyal. 2019
7
570.COMIT-Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction Network Hosp, Dr and Hoenisch, Toby and Kittiwongsunthorn, Paul and others. 2018
7
571.DECO: Liberating Web Data Using Decentralized Oracles for TLS Zhang, Fan and Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Malvai, Harjasleen and Goldfeder, Steven and Juels, Ari. 2019  
7
572.Smart Contract Interactions in Coq Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2019
7
573.Proof-of-Burn Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2019
7
574.IELE: a rigorously designed language and tool ecosystem for the blockchain Kasampalis, Theodoros and Guth, Dwight and Moore, Brandon and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Traian Florin and Zhang, Yi and Filaretti, Daniele and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Virgil and Johnson, Ralph and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2019  
7
575.OptChain: Optimal Transactions Placement for Scalable Blockchain Sharding Nguyen, Lan N and Nguyen, TD and Dinh, Thang N and Thai, My T. 2019
7
576.Mi-Cho-Coq, a framework for certifying Tezos Smart Contracts Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Hu, Zhenlei and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2019   
7
577.AuroraLight: Improved prover efficiency and SRS size in a Sonic-like system Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
7
578.SquirRL: Automating Attack Discovery on Blockchain Incentive Mechanisms with Deep Reinforcement Learning Hou, Charlie and Zhou, Mingxun and Ji, Yan and Daian, Phil and Tramer, Florian and Fanti, Giulia and Juels, Ari. 2019
7
579.Hyperservice: Interoperability and programmability across heterogeneous blockchains Liu, Zhuotao and Xiang, Yangxi and Shi, Jian and Gao, Peng and Wang, Haoyu and Xiao, Xusheng and Wen, Bihan and Hu, Yih-Chun. 2019
7
580.A percolation model for the emergence of the Bitcoin Lightning Network Bartolucci, Silvia and Caccioli, Fabio and Vivo, Pierpaolo. 2019
7
581.Scaling Verifiable Computation Using Efficient Set Accumulators Alex Ozdemir and Riad S. Wahby and Dan Boneh. 2019  
7
582.Polygraph: Accountable Byzantine Agreement Civit, Pierre and Gilbert, Seth and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
7
583.Toward Active and Passive Confidentiality Attacks On Cryptocurrency Off-Chain Networks Nisslmueller, Utz and Foerster, Klaus-Tycho and Schmid, Stefan and Decker, Christian. 2020
7
584.The Decentralized Financial Crisis: Attacking DeFi Gudgeon, Lewis and Perez, Daniel and Harz, Dominik and Gervais, Arthur and Livshits, Benjamin. 2020  
7
585.Attacking the DeFi Ecosystem with Flash Loans for Fun and Profit Qin, Kaihua and Zhou, Liyi and Livshits, Benjamin and Gervais, Arthur. 2020  
7
586.Privacy and linkability of mining in zcash Biryukov, Alex and Feher, Daniel. 2019
7
587.Synthetix Synthetix. 2020
7
588.SquirRL: Automating attack discovery on blockchain incentive mechanisms with deep reinforcement learning Hou, Charlie and Zhou, Mingxun and Ji, Yan and Daian, Phil and Tramer, Florian and Fanti, Giulia and Juels, Ari. 2019
7
589.Monero - Privacy in the Blockchain Kurt M. Alonso and Jordi Herrera Joancomartí. 2018
6
590.ROYALE: A Framework for Universally Composable Card Games with Financial Rewards and Penalties Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2018
6
591.Time-Memory Tradeoff Attacks on the MTP Proof-of-Work Scheme Itai Dinur and Niv Nadler. 2017
6
592.Executable Operational Semantics of Solidity Jiao, Jiao and Kan, Shuanglong and Lin, Shang-Wei and Sanan, David and Liu, Yang and Sun, Jun. 2018
6
593.Forkable Strings are Rare. Russell, Alexander and Moore, Cristopher and Kiayias, Aggelos and Quader, Saad. 2017
6
594.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
6
595.Xclaim: Interoperability with cryptocurrency-backed tokens Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2018
6
596.A Formal Treatment of Hardware Wallets Arapinis, Myrto and Gkaniatsou, Andriana and Karakostas, Dimitris and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2019
6
597.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
6
598.MixEth: efficient, trustless coin mixing service for Ethereum Istv\'an Andr'\as Seres and D ́aniel A. Nagy and Chris Buckland, and \'Peter Burcsi. 2019
6
599.SAFEVM: A Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
6
600.A Stealthier Partitioning Attack against Bitcoin Peer-to-Peer Network Tran, Muoi and Choi, Inho and Moon, Gi Jun and Vu, Anh V and Kang, Min Suk. 2020
6
601.Who Spent My EOS? On the (In) Security of Resource Management of EOS. IO Lee, Sangsup and Kim, Daejun and Kim, Dongkwan and Son, Sooel and Kim, Yongdae. 2019
6
602.A minimal core calculus for Solidity contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
6
603.NOCUST--A Securely Scalable Commit-Chain Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur and Felley, Guillaume. 2019
6
604.WI Is Not Enough: Zero-Knowledge Contingent (Service) Payments Revisited Georg Fuchsbauer. 2019
6
605.ETHDKG: Distributed Key Generation with Ethereum Smart Contracts Philipp Schindler and Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Edgar Weippl. 2019
6
606.Self-reproducing coins as universal turing machine Chepurnoy, Alexander and Kharin, Vasily and Meshkov, Dmitry. 2018
6
607.On decentralized oracles for data availability Teutsch, Jason. 2017
6
608.On the optionality and fairness of Atomic Swaps Han, Runchao and Lin, Haoyu and Yu, Jiangshan. 2019
6
609.Kadcast: A Structured Approach to Broadcast in Blockchain Networks Rohrer, Elias and Tschorsch, Florian. 2019
6
610.Smartanvil: Open-source tool suite for smart contract analysis Ducasse, St\'ephane and Rocha, Henrique and Bragagnolo, Santiago and Denker, Marcus and Francomme, Cl\'ement. 2019
6
611.Rationality is Self-Defeating in Permissionless Systems Ford, Bryan and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2019
6
612.On the optionality and fairness of Atomic Swaps Han, Runchao and Lin, Haoyu and Yu, Jiangshan. 2019
6
613.Pixel: Multi-signatures for Consensus Manu Drijvers and Sergey Gorbunov and Gregory Neven and Hoeteck Wee. 2019
6
614.Lift-and-Shift: Obtaining Simulation Extractable Subversion and Updatable SNARKs Generically Bezhad Abdolmaleki and Sebastian Ramacher and Daniel Slamanig. 2020
6
615.Bandwidth-efficient threshold EC-DSA Guilhem Castagnos and Dario Catalano and Fabien Laguillaumie and Federico Savasta and Ida Tucker. 2020
6
616.One-shot Signatures and Applications to Hybrid Quantum/Classical Authentication Amos, Ryan and Georgiou, Marios and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zhandry, Mark. 2020
6
617.Out of Oddity -- New Cryptanalytic Techniques against Symmetric Primitives Optimized for Integrity Proof Systems Tim Beyne and Anne Canteaut and Itai Dinur and Maria Eichlseder and Gregor Leander and Gaëtan Leurent and María Naya-Plasencia and Léo Perrin and Yu Sasaki and Yosuke Todo and Friedrich Wiemer. 2020
6
618.Order-Fairness for Byzantine Consensus Mahimna Kelkar and Fan Zhang and Steven Goldfeder and Ari Juels. 2020
6
619.Everything is a Race and Nakamoto Always Wins Amir Dembo and Sreeram Kannan and Ertem Nusret Tas and David Tse and Pramod Viswanath and Xuechao Wang and Ofer Zeitouni. 2020
6
620.DEEP-FRI: Sampling Outside the Box Improves Soundness Eli Ben-Sasson and Lior Goldberg and Swastik Kopparty and Shubhangi Saraf. 2019  
6
621.MARS: Monetized Ad-hoc Routing System (A Position Paper) David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
5
622.A Nonoutsourceable Puzzle under GHOST Rule Zeng, Gongxian and Yiu, Siu Ming and Zhang, Jun and Kuzuno, Hiroki and Au, Man Ho. 2017
5
623.Pathshuffle: Mixing credit paths for anonymous transactions in ripple Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket. 2017
5
624.Switch Commitments: A Safety Switch for Confidential Transactions Ruffing, Tim and Malavolta, Giulio. 2017
5
625.PiLi: An Extremely Simple Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
5
626.The Proof is in the Pudding: Proofs of Work for Solving Discrete Logarithms Marcella Hastings and Nadia Heninger and Eric Wustrow. 2018
5
627.Echoes of the Past: Recovering Blockchain Metrics From Merged Mining Stifter, Nicholas and Schindler, Philipp and Judmayer, Aljosha and Zamyatin, Alexei and Kern, Andreas and Weippl, Edgar. 2018
5
628.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018  
5
629.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
5
630.Thring Signatures and their Applications to Spender-Ambiguous Digital Currencies. Goodell, Brandon and Noether, Sarang. 2018
5
631.Beigepaper: An Ethereum Technical Specification Dameron, Micah. 2017
5
632.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments in the discrete log setting, revisited Max Hoffmann and Michael Klooß and Andy Rupp. 2019
5
633.Drivechain-the simple two way peg, November 2015 Sztorc, Paul. 2015
5
634.Practical Mutation Testing for Smart Contracts Honig, Joran J and Everts, Maarten H and Huisman, Marieke. 2019
5
635.Cerberus Channels: Incentivizing Watchtowers for Bitcoin Georgia Avarikioti and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos and Roger Wattenhofer. 2019
5
636.Divide and Scale: Formalization of Distributed Ledger Sharding Protocols Avarikioti, Georgia and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
5
637.Compact Storage of Superblocks for NIPoPoW Applications Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos and Dionysis Zindros. 2019
5
638.A true concurrent model of smart contracts executions Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
5
639.An Empirical Analysis of Privacy in the Lightning Network Kappos, George and Yousaf, Haaroon and Piotrowska, Ania and Kanjalkar, Sanket and Delgado-Segura, Sergi and Miller, Andrew and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2020
5
640.Threshold ECDSA for Decentralized Asset Custody Adam Gągol and Damian Straszak. 2020
5
641.Proof-of-Prestige: A Useful Work Reward System for Unverifiable Tasks Kr\'ol, Micha\l and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Tasiopoulos, Argyrios and Psaras, Ioannis. 2019
5
642.Functional blockchain contracts Chakravarty, Manuel and Kireev, Roman and MacKenzie, Kenneth and McHale, Vanessa and M\"uller, Jann and Nemish, Alexander and Nester, Chad and Jones, Michael Peyton and Thompsona, Simon and Valentine, Rebecca and others. 2019  
5
643.Database Perspectives on Blockchains Cohen, Sara and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
4
644.Efficient Algorithms for Broadcast and Consensus Based on Proofs of Work Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss. 2017
4
645.Why You Can't Beat Blockchains: Consistency and High Availability in Distributed Systems Girault, Alain and G\"ossler, Gregor and Guerraoui, Rachid and Hamza, Jad and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian. 2017
4
646.Developing a K-ary malware using Blockchain Moubarak, Joanna and Filiol, Eric and Chamoun, Maroun. 2018
4
647.Load Thresholds for Cuckoo Hashing with Overlapping Blocks Walzer, S.. 2017
4
648.Insured MPC: Efficient Secure Multiparty Computation with Punishable Abort Baum, Carsten and David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael. 2018
4
649.piChain: When a Blockchain meets Paxos Burchert, Conrad and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2018
4
650.Founding Secure Computation on Blockchains Choudhuri, Arka Rai and Goyal, Vipul and Jain, Abhishek. 2019
4
651.A Formal Treatment of Deterministic Wallets Das, Poulami and Faust, Sebastian and Loss, Julian. 2019
4
652.Reversible Proofs of Sequential Work Abusalah, Hamza and Kamath, Chethan and Klein, Karen and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Walter, Michael. 2019
4
653.Incentives in casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
4
654.Refinement and Verification of CBC Casper Nakamura, Ryuya and Jimba, Takayuki and Harz, Dominik. 2019
4
655.On the (In)security of Kilian-Based SNARGs James Bartusek and Liron Bronfman and Justin Holmgren and Fermi Ma and Ron Rothblum. 2019
4
656.Deterministic witnesses for claim-first transactions Borkowski, Michael and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
4
657.Proof-Carrying Smart Contracts Dickerson, Thomas and Gazzillo, Paul and Herlihy, Maurice and Saraph, Vikram and Koskinen, Eric. 2018
4
658.On Sharding Permissioned Blockchains. Amiri, Mohammad Javad and Agrawal, Divyakant. 2019
4
659.Introduction to the Tezos Blockchain Allombert, Victor and Bourgoin, Mathias and Tesson, Julien. 2019
4
660.Prism: Scaling Bitcoin by 10,000 x Yang, Lei and Bagaria, Vivek and Wang, Gerui and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
4
661.Platypus: a Partially Synchronous Offchain Protocol for Blockchains Ranchal-Pedrosa, Alejandro and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
4
662.The Combinatorics of the Longest-Chain Rule: Linear Consistency for Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Blum, Erica and Kiayias, Aggelos and Moore, Cristopher and Quader, Saad and Russell, Alexander. 2019
4
663.What are the Actual Flaws in Important Smart Contracts (and How Can We Find Them)? Groce, Alex and Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Colburn, Michael. 2019
4
664.Privacy Aspects and Subliminal Channels in Zcash Biryukov, Alex and Feher, Daniel and Vitto, Giuseppe. 2019
4
665.The Chia Network Blockchain Cohen, Bram and Pietrzak, Krzysztof. 2019
4
666.On Profitability of Nakamoto double spend Grunspan, Cyril and P\'erez-Marco, Ricardo. 2019
4
667.Albert, an intermediate smart-contract language for the Tezos blockchain Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2020
4
668.Linear consistency for proof-of-stake blockchains Blum, Erica and Kiayias, Aggelos and Moore, Cristopher and Quader, Saad and Russell, Alexander. 2019
4
669.The Arwen Trading Protocols (Full Version) Ethan Heilman and Sebastien Lipmann and Sharon Goldberg. 2020
4
670.Afgjort: A Partially Synchronous Finality Layer for Blockchains Bernardo Magri and Christian Matt and Jesper Buus Nielsen and Daniel Tschudi. 2019
4
671.Streamlined Blockchains: A Simple and Elegant Approach (A Tutorial and Survey) Elaine Shi. 2020
4
672.An Algebraic Attack on Ciphers with Low-Degree Round Functions: Application to Full MiMC Maria Eichlseder and Lorenzo Grassi and Reinhard Lüftenegger and Morten Øygarden and Christian Rechberger and Markus Schofnegger and Qingju Wang. 2020
4
673.Trustless Groups of Unknown Order with Hyperelliptic Curves Samuel Dobson and Steven D. Galbraith. 2020  
4
674.Mind the Middle Layer: The HADES Design Strategy Revisited Nathan Keller and Asaf Rosemarin. 2020
4
675.Cogsworth: Byzantine View Synchronization Naor, Oded and Baudet, Mathieu and Malkhi, Dahlia and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2019
4
676.Hydra: Fast Isomorphic State Channels Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Coretti, Sandro and Fitzi, Matthias and Gazi, Peter and Kant, Philipp and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2020
4
677.Fast Threshold ECDSA with Honest Majority Ivan Damgård and Thomas Pelle Jakobsen and Jesper Buus Nielsen and Jakob Illeborg Pagter and Michael Bæksvang Østergård. 2020
4
678.One Round Threshold ECDSA with Identifiable Abort Rosario Gennaro and Steven Goldfeder. 2020  
4
679.Utreexo: A dynamic hash-based accumulator optimized for the Bitcoin UTXO set Dryja, Thaddeus. 2019  
4
680.AAVE: Protocol Whitepaper V1.0 Usal, Ernesto. 2020
4
681.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
3
682.Sharding PoW-based Blockchains via Proofs of Knowledge Frederik Armknecht and Jens-Matthias Bohli and Ghassan O. Karame and Wenting Li. 2017
3
683.21-bringing down the complexity: fast composable protocols for card games without secret state David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
3
684.Paralysis Proofs: Safe Access-Structure Updates for Cryptocurrencies and More Fan Zhang and Philip Daian and Iddo Bentov and Ari Juels. 2018
3
685.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
3
686.ON DEPLOYING SUCCINCT ZERO-KNOWLEDGE PROOFS Madars Virza. 2017
3
687.MProve: A Proof of Reserves Protocol for Monero Exchanges Dutta, Arijit and Vijayakumaran, Saravanan. 2019
3
688.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
3
689.ShareLock: Mixing for Cryptocurrencies from Multiparty ECDSA Shlomovits, Omer and Seres, Istv\'an Andr\'as. 2019
3
690.Bandwidth-Efficient Transaction Relay for Bitcoin Naumenko, Gleb and Maxwell, Gregory and Wuille, Pieter and Fedorova, Sasha and Beschastnikh, Ivan. 2019   
3
691.Afgjort--A Semi-Synchronous Finality Layer for Blockchains Magri, Bernardo and Matt, Christian and Nielsen, Jesper Buus and Tschudi, Daniel. 2019
3
692.ZETH: On Integrating Zerocash on Ethereum Rondelet, Antoine and Zajac, Michal. 2019
3
693.Unraveling recursion: compiling an IR with recursion to system F Jones, Michael Peyton and Gkoumas, Vasilis and Kireev, Roman and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Nester, Chad and Wadler, Philip. 2019
3
694.Updatable CRS Simulation-Extractable zk-SNARKs with a Single Verification Kim, Jihye and Lee, Jiwon and Oh, Hyunok. 2019
3
695.Applying Private Information Retrieval to Lightweight Bitcoin Clients Qin, Kaihua and Hadass, Henryk and Gervais, Arthur and Reardon, Joel. 2019
3
696.Cross-Chain Payment Protocols with Success Guarantees van Glabbeek, Rob and Gramoli, Vincent and Tholoniat, Pierre. 2019
3
697.Continuous Space-Bounded Non-Malleable Codes from Stronger Proofs-of-Space Binyi Chen and Yilei Chen and Kristina Hostáková and Pratyay Mukherjee. 2019
3
698.ConCert: A Smart Contract Certification Framework in Coq Annenkov, Danil and Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2020
3
699.Remote Side-Channel Attacks on Anonymous Transactions Florian Tramèr and Dan Boneh and Kenneth G. Paterson. 2020
3
700.Generic-Group Delay Functions Require Hidden-Order Groups Lior Rotem and Gil Segev and Ido Shahaf. 2020
3
701.Vector Commitment Techniques and Applications to Verifiable Decentralized Storage Matteo Campanelli and Dario Fiore and Nicola Greco and Dimitris Kolonelos and Luca Nizzardo. 2020  
3
702.MIRAGE: Succinct Arguments for Randomized Algorithms with Applications to Universal zk-SNARKs Ahmed Kosba and Dimitrios Papadopoulos and Charalampos Papamanthou and Dawn Song. 2020
3
703.On the Profitability of Selfish Mining Against Multiple Difficulty Adjustment Algorithms Michael Davidson and Tyler Diamond. 2020
3
704.Pointproofs: Aggregating Proofs for Multiple Vector Commitments Sergey Gorbunov and Leonid Reyzin and Hoeteck Wee and Zhenfei Zhang. 2020
3
705.Optimal Good-case Latency for Byzantine Broadcast and State Machine Replication Abraham, Ittai and Nayak, Kartik and Ren, Ling and Xiang, Zhuolun. 2020
3
706.Can a Blockchain Keep a Secret? Benhamouda, Fabrice and Gentry, Craig and Gorbunov, Sergey and Halevi, Shai and Krawczyk, Hugo and Lin, Chengyu and Rabin, Tal and Reyzin, Leonid. 2020
3
707.Proof-Carrying Data from Accumulation Schemes Benedikt Bünz and Alessandro Chiesa and Pratyush Mishra and Nicholas Spooner. 2020  
3
708.Aggregatable Subvector Commitments for Stateless Cryptocurrencies Alin Tomescu and Ittai Abraham and Vitalik Buterin and Justin Drake and Dankrad Feist and Dmitry Khovratovich. 2020
3
709.Resource-Restricted Cryptography: Revisiting MPC Bounds in the Proof-of-Work Era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos and Ostrovsky, Rafail M and Panagiotakos, Giorgos and Zikas, Vassilis. 2020
3
710.Building Scalable Decentralized Payment Systems Adler, John and Quintyne-Collins, Mikerah. 2019
3
711.Improved Price Oracles: Constant Function Market Makers Angeris, Guillermo and Chitra, Tarun. 2020
3
712.ChainLink:A Decentralized Oracle Network Ellis ,Steve and Juels , Ari and Nazarov, Sergey. 2017
3
713.Terra Money: Stability and Adoption Kereiakes, Evan and Do Kwon, Marco Di Maggio and Platias, Nicholas. 2019
3
714.Platypus: Offchain protocol without synchrony Ranchal-Pedrosa, Alejandro and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
3
715.Ride the lightning: The game theory of payment channels Avarikioti, Zeta and Heimbach, Lioba and Wang, Yuyi and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2020
3
716.A Survey on Blockchain Interoperability: Past, Present, and Future Trends Belchior, Rafael and Vasconcelos, Andr\'e and Guerreiro, S\'ergio and Correia, Miguel. 2020
3
717.Uniswap v2 Core Adams, Hayden and Robinson, Dan. 2020
3
718.Improved Price Oracles: Constant Function Market Makers Angeris, Guillermo and Chitra, Tarun. 2020
3
719.On Space-Scarce Economy In Blockchain Systems Alexander Chepurnoy and Dmitry Meshkov. 2017
2
720.SBFT: a Scalable Decentralized Trust Infrastructure for Blockchains Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai and Grossman, Shelly and Malkhi, Dahlia and Pinkas, Benny and Reiter, Michael K and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian and Tamir, Orr and Tomescu, Alin. 2018
2
721.Privacy Preserving Verifiable Key Directories. Chase, Melissa and Deshpande, Apoorvaa and Ghosh, Esha. 2018
2
722.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
2
723.The Thunder Protocol Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
2
724.Iterated Search Problems and Blockchain Security under Falsifiable Assumptions Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2019
2
725.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
2
726.Digital Signatures for Consensus. Gorbunov, Sergey and Wee, Hoeteck. 2019
2
727.Privacy-preserving auditable token payments in a permissioned blockchain system Elli Androulaki and Jan Camenisch and Angelo De Caro and Maria Dubovitskaya and Kaoutar Elkhiyaoui and Bjoern Tackmann. 2019
2
728.SoK: Blockchain Technology and Its Potential Use Cases Ruoti, Scott and Kaiser, Ben and Yerukhimovich, Arkady and Clark, Jeremy and Cunningham, Robert. 2019
2
729.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol Against Quantum Adversaries Alexandru Cojocaru and Juan Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Fang Song and Petros Wallden. 2019
2
730.Effective Cryptocurrency Regulation Through Blacklisting M\"oser, Malte and Narayanan, Arvind. 2019
2
731.Transparent Polynomial Commitment Scheme with Polylogarithmic Communication Complexity Alexander Vlasov and Konstantin Panarin. 2019
2
732.Lattice-Based Zero-Knowledge SNARGs for Arithmetic Circuits Nitulescu, Anca. 2019
2
733.Towards a formally verified implementation of the MimbleWimble cryptocurrency protocol Betarte, Gustavo and Cristi\'a, Maximiliano and Luna, Carlos and Silveira, Adri\'an and Zanarini, Dante. 2019
2
734.SAVER: Snark-friendly, Additively-homomorphic, and Verifiable Encryption and decryption with Rerandomization Jiwon Lee and Jaekyoung Choi and Jihye Kim and Hyunok Oh. 2019
2
735.RedShift: Transparent SNARKs from List Polynomial Commitment IOPs Assimakis Kattis and Konstantin Panarin and Alexander Vlasov. 2019
2
736.BDoS: Blockchain Denial of Service Michael Mirkin and Yan Ji and Jonathan Pang and Ariah Klages-Mundt and Ittay Eyal and Ari Jules. 2019
2
737.Just the Tip of the Iceberg: Internet-Scale Exploitation of Routers for Cryptojacking Bijmans, Hugo LJ and Booij, Tim M and Doerr, Christian. 2019
2
738.Consistency in Proof-of-Stake Blockchains with Concurrent Honest Slot Leaders Aggelos Kiayias and Saad Quader and Alexander Russell. 2020
2
739.Reparo: Publicly Verifiable Layer to Repair Blockchains Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan and Bhat, Adithya and Magri, Bernardo and Tschudi, Daniel and Kate, Aniket. 2020
2
740.Triptych: logarithmic-sized linkable ring signatures with applications Sarang Noether and Brandon Goodell. 2020
2
741.Short Selling Attack: A Self-Destructive But Profitable 51% Attack On PoS Blockchains Suhyeon Lee and Seungjoo Kim. 2020
2
742.Single Secret Leader Election Boneh, Dan and Eskandarian, Saba and Hanzlik, Lucjan and Greco, Nicola. 2020
2
743.Securing Proof-of-Work Ledgers via Checkpointing Dimitris Karakostas and Aggelos Kiayias. 2020
2
744.Formalising and verifying smart contracts with Solidifier: a bounded model checker for Solidity Antonino, Pedro and Roscoe, AW. 2020
2
745.Proof of Necessary Work: Succinct State Verification with Fairness Guarantees Assimakis Kattis and Joseph Bonneau. 2020
2
746.Network-Agnostic State Machine Replication Blum, Erica and Katz, Jonathan and Loss, Julian. 2020
2
747.Empirical Measurements on Pricing Oracles and Decentralized Governance for Stablecoins Gu, Wanyun and Raghuvanshi, Anika and Boneh, Dan. 2020
2
748.A Tale of Two Trees: One Writes, and Other Reads Le, Duc V and Hurtado, Lizzy Tengana and Ahmad, Adil and Minaei, Mohsen and Lee, Byoungyoung and Kate, Aniket. 2019
2
749.Zendoo: a zk-SNARK Verifiable Cross-Chain Transfer Protocol Enabling Decoupled and Decentralized Sidechains Alberto Garoffolo and Dmytro Kaidalov and Roman Oliynykov. 2020
2
750.Pricing ASICs for Cryptocurrency Mining Yaish, Aviv and Zohar, Aviv. 2020
2
751.The security of Groups of Unknown Order based on Jacobians of Hyperelliptic Curves Jonathan Lee. 2020
2
752.Fully Distributed Verifiable Random Functions and their Application to Decentralised Random Beacons David Galindo and Jia Liu and Mihai Ordean and Jin-Mann Wong. 2020
2
753.Smart Contract Derivatives Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2020
2
754.Expected Linear Round Synchronization: The Missing Link for Linear Byzantine SMR Naor, Oded and Keidar, Idit. 2020
2
755.Triptych-2: efficient proofs for confidential transactions Noether, Sarang. 2020  
2
756.Vyper: A Security Comparison with Solidity Based on Common Vulnerabilities Kaleem, Mudabbir and Laszka, Aron. 2020
2
757.A Quantitative Analysis of Security, Anonymity and Scalability for the Lightning Network Sergei Tikhomirov and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Matteo Maffei. 2020
2
758.Efficient Post-quantum SNARKs for RSIS and RLWE and Their Applications to Privacy Boschini, Cecilia and Camenisch, Jan and Ovsiankin, Max and Spooner, Nicholas. 2020  
2
759.UTxO-vs account-based smart contract blockchain programming paradigms Brunjes, Lars and Gabbay, Murdoch J. 2020
2
760.Generalized Bitcoin-Compatible Channels Lukas Aumayr and Oguzhan Ersoy and Andreas Erwig and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova and Matteo Maffei and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Siavash Riahi. 2020
2
761.UC Non-Interactive, Proactive, Threshold ECDSA Ran Canetti and Nikolaos Makriyannis and Udi Peled. 2020
2
762.Analyzing Smart Contracts: From EVM to a sound Control-Flow Graph Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2020
2
763.eThor: Practical and Provably Sound Static Analysis of Ethereum Smart Contracts Schneidewind, Clara and Grishchenko, Ilya and Scherer, Markus and Maffei, Matteo. 2020
2
764.TxChain: Efficient Cryptocurrency Light Clients via Contingent Transaction Aggregation Alexei Zamyatin and Zeta Avarikioti and Daniel Perez and William J. Knottenbelt. 2020
2
765.Bitcoin-Compatible Virtual Channels Lukas Aumayr and Oguzhan Ersoy and Andreas Erwig and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostáková and Matteo Maffei and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Siavash Riahi. 2020
2
766.Splitting Payments Locally While Routing Interdimensionally Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostáková and Stefanie Roos. 2020
2
767.Why Do Smart Contracts Self-Destruct? Investigating the Selfdestruct Function on Ethereum Chen, Jiachi and Xia, Xin and Lo, David and Grundy, John. 2020
2
768.Expected Constant Round Byzantine Broadcast under Dishonest Majority Jun Wan and Hanshen Xiao and Elaine Shi and Srinivas Devadas. 2020
2
769.Optimized and secure pairing-friendly elliptic curves suitable for one layer proof composition Youssef El Housni and Aurore Guillevic. 2020  
2
770.plookup: A simplified polynomial protocol for lookup tables Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson. 2020
2
771.Nearly Linear-Time Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Correct Program Execution. Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Groth, Jens and Jakobsen, Sune K and Maller, Mary. 2018   
2
772.Overview of Polkadot and its Design Considerations Jeff Burdges and Alfonso Cevallos and Peter Czaban and Rob Habermeier and Syed Hosseini and Fabio Lama and Handan Kilinc Alper and Ximin Luo and Fatemeh Shirazi and Alistair Stewart and Gavin Wood. 2020
2
773.On the Security of Time-Locked Puzzles and Timed Commitments Jonathan Katz and Julian Loss and Jiayu Xu. 2020
2
774.How to Keep a Secret and Share a Public Key (Using Polynomial Commitments) Nicolescu, Ioan Alin Tomescu. 2020
2
775.Parsec: a state channel for the Internet of Value Jaiswal, Amit Kumar. 2018
2
776.Stablecoins 2.0: Economic Foundations and Risk-based Models Ariah Klages-Mundt and Dominik Harz and Lewis Gudgeon and Jun-You Liu and Andreea Minca. 2020
2
777.Flood \& Loot: A Systemic Attack On The Lightning Network Harris, Jona and Zohar, Aviv. 2020  
2
778.MuSig-DN: Schnorr Multi-Signatures with Verifiably Deterministic Nonces Jonas Nick and Tim Ruffing and Yannick Seurin and Pieter Wuille. 2020  
2
779.Extending the Anonymity of Zcash George Kappos and Ania M. Piotrowska. 2019
1
780.Toychain: Formally Verified Blockchain Consensus George P\^ırlea. 2019
1
781.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
782.A Tale of Three Signatures: practical attack of ECDSA with wNAF Gabrielle De Micheli and Rémi Piau and Cécile Pierrot. 2019
1
783.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
1
784.Contingent payments on a public ledger: models and reductions for automated verification. Bursuc, Sergiu and Kremer, Steve. 2019
1
785.Anonymous Transactions with Revocation and Auditing in Hyperledger Fabric Dmytro Bogatov and Angelo De Caro and Kaoutar Elkhiyaoui and Björn Tackmann. 2019
1
786.Faster Subgroup Checks for BLS12-381 Bowe, Sean. 2019
1
787.A Formal Analysis of Blockchain Consensus Laneve, Cosimo and Veschetti, Adele. 2019
1
788.P4PCN: Privacy-Preserving Path Probing for Payment Channel Networks Yu, Ruozhou and Wan, Yinxin and Kilari, Vishnu Teja and Xue, Guoliang and Tang, Jian and Yang, Dejun and Zhang, Xiang and Li, Dan and Song, Yaozhong and Yau, Stephen S and others. 2018
1
789.SIMS : Self Sovereign Identity Management System with Preserving Privacy in Blockchain Jeonghyuk Lee and Jungyeon Hwang and Jaekyung Choi and Hyunok Oh and Jihye Kim. 2019
1
790.A Large-Scale Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Katz, Jonathan and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
1
791.Deviant: A Mutation Testing Tool for Solidity Smart Contracts Chapman, Patrick. 2019
1
792.Efficient Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs in Cross-Domains Without Trusted Setup Backes, Michael and Hanzlik, Lucjan and Herzberg, Amir and Kate, Aniket and Pryvalov, Ivan. 2019
1
793.Just Enough Security: Reducing Proof-of-Work Ecological Footprint Tsabary, Itay and Spiegelman, Alexander and Eyal, Ittay. 2019
1
794.Refresh When You Wake Up: Proactive Threshold Wallets with Offline Devices Yashvanth Kondi and Bernardo Magri and Claudio Orlandi and Omer Shlomovits. 2019
1
795.OptiSwap: Fast Optimistic Fair Exchange Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Benjamin Schlosser. 2019
1
796.FastSwap: Concretely Efficient Contingent Payments for Complex Predicates Mathias Hall-Andersen. 2019
1
797.SAMPL: Scalable Auditability of Monitoring Processes using Public Ledgers Panwar, Gaurav and Vishwanathan, Roopa and Misra, Satyajayant and Bos, Austin. 2019
1
798.Selfish Behavior in the Tezos Proof-of-Stake Protocol Neuder, Michael and Moroz, Daniel J and Rao, Rithvik and Parkes, David C. 2019
1
799.Compact linkable ring signatures and applications Goodell, Brandon and Noether, Sarang and Blue, Arthur. 2019
1
800.Number of confirmation blocks for Bitcoin and GHOST consensus protocols on networks with delayed message delivery Kovalchuk, Lyudmila and Kaidalov, Dmytro and Nastenko, Andrii and Shevtsov, Oleksiy and Rodinko, Mariia and Oliynykov, Roman. 2018
1
801.Proof-of-Stake Blockchain Protocols with Near-Optimal Throughput Matthias Fitzi and Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2020
1
802.Scalable Open-Vote Network on Ethereum Mohamed Seifelnasr and Hisham S. Galal and Amr M. Youssef. 2020
1
803.Coalition-Safe Equilibria with Virtual Payoffs Kiayias, Aggelos and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2019
1
804.Lattice RingCT v2.0 with Multiple Input and Output Wallets Wilson Alberto Torres and Veronika Kuchta and Ron Steinfeld and Amin Sakzad and Joseph K. Liu and Jacob Cheng. 2019
1
805.LazyLedger: A Distributed Data Availability Ledger With Client-Side Smart Contracts Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2019
1
806.Lower Bounds for Off-Chain Protocols: Exploring the Limits of Plasma Stefan Dziembowski and Grzegorz Fabiański and Sebastian Faust and Siavash Riahi. 2020
1
807.WIP: Finding Bugs Automatically in Smart Contracts with Parameterized Invariants Bernardi, Thomas and Dor, Nurit and Fedotov, Anastasia and Grossman, Shelly and Immerman, Neil and Jackson, Daniel and Nutz, Alex and Oppenheim, Lior and Pistiner, Or and Rinetzky, Noam and others. 2020
1
808.The mathematics of Bitcoin Grunspan, Cyril and P\'erez-Marco, Ricardo. 2020
1
809.Full Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus in Bounded-Delay Networks Juan Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2020
1
810."Many-out-of-Many" Proofs with Applications to Anonymous Zether Benjamin E. Diamond. 2020
1
811.Renegotiation and recursion in Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Murgia, Maurizio and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
1
812.Incentives Don't Solve Blockchain's Problems Ketsdever, Shea and Fischer, Michael J. 2019
1
813.Domain Specific Language for Smart Contract Development W\"ohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2020
1
814.Combining GHOST and Casper Buterin, Vitalik and Hernandez, Diego and Kamphefner, Thor and Pham, Khiem and Qiao, Zhi and Ryan, Danny and Sin, Juhyeok and Wang, Ying and Zhang, Yan X. 2020
1
815.Efficient polynomial commitment schemes for multiple points and polynomials Dan Boneh and Justin Drake and Ben Fisch and Ariel Gabizon. 2020
1
816.Constructing hidden order groups using genus three Jacobians Steve Thakur. 2020
1
817.zkRelay: Facilitating Sidechains using zkSNARK-based Chain-Relays Martin Westerkamp and Jacob Eberhardt. 2020
1
818.Resources: A Safe Language Abstraction for Money Blackshear, Sam and Dill, David L and Qadeer, Shaz and Barrett, Clark W and Mitchell, John C and Padon, Oded and Zohar, Yoni. 2020
1
819.Mining for Privacy: How to Bootstrap a Snarky Blockchain Thomas Kerber and Aggelos Kiayias and Markulf Kohlweiss. 2020
1
820.A PoR/PoS-Hybrid Blockchain: Proof of Reputation with Nakamoto Fallback Leonard Kleinrock and Rafail Ostrovsky and Vassilis Zikas. 2020
1
821.Updateable Inner Product Argument with Logarithmic Verifier and Applications Daza, Vanesa and R\`afols, Carla and Zacharakis, Alexandros. 2020
1
822.Termination of Ethereum's Smart Contracts Genet, Thomas and Jensen, Thomas and Sauvage, Justine. 2020
1
823.Storing and Retrieving Secrets on a Blockchain Vipul Goyal and Abhiram Kothapalli and Elisaweta Masserova and Bryan Parno and Yifan Song. 2020
1
824.Implementing a Smart Contract PKI Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Kiayias, Aggelos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2020
1
825.Anonymous Lottery in the Proof-of-Stake Setting Foteini Baldimtsi and Varun Madathil and Alessandra Scafuro and Linfeng Zhou. 2020
1
826.Formal Verification of Solidity contracts in Event-B Zhu, Jian and Hu, Kai and Filali, Mamoun and Bodeveix, Jean-Paul and Talpin, Jean-Pierre. 2020
1
827.SoK: Lifting Transformations for Simulation Extractable Subversion and Updatable SNARKs⋆ Abdolmaleki, Behzad and Ramacher, Sebastian and Slamanig, Daniel. 2020
1
828.MoneyMorph: Censorship Resistant Rendezvous using Permissionless Cryptocurrencies Minaei, Mohsen and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2020
1
829.Formal Specification and Verification of Solidity Contracts with Events Hajdu, Akos and Jovanovic, Dejan and Ciocarlie, Gabriela. 2020
1
830.LadderLeak: Breaking ECDSA With Less Than One Bit Of Nonce Leakage Diego F. Aranha and Felipe Rodrigues Novaes and Akira Takahashi and Mehdi Tibouchi and Yuval Yarom. 2020  
1
831.FloodXMR: Low-cost transaction flooding attack with Monero's bulletproof protocol. Chervinski, Joao Ot\'avio Massari and Kreutz, Diego and Yu, Jiangshan. 2019
1
832.Tezla, an Intermediate Representation for Static Analysis of Michelson Smart Contracts Santos Reis, Jo\~ao and Crocker, Paul and Melo de Sousa, Sim\~ao. 2020
1
833.WhylSon: Proving your Michelson Smart Contracts in Why3 da Horta, Lu\'\is Pedro Arrojado and Reis, Jo\~ao Santos and Pereira, M\'ario and de Sousa, Sim\~ao Melo. 2020  
1
834.Ledger Combiners for Fast Settlement Matthias Fitzi and Peter Gazi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2020
1
835.Tight Consistency Bounds for Bitcoin Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2020
1
836.Blockchain is Watching You: Profiling and Deanonymizing Ethereum Users B\'eres, Ferenc and Seres, Istv\'an Andr\'as and Bencz\'ur, Andr\'as A and Quintyne-Collins, Mikerah. 2020
1
837.Blockchain with Varying Number of Players T-H. Hubert Chan and Naomi Ephraim and Antonio Marcedone and Andrew Morgan and Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2020
1
838.Bitcoin covenants unchained Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
1
839.Minerva: The curse of ECDSA nonces Jan Jancar and Vladimir Sedlacek and Petr Svenda and Marek Sys. 2020
1
840.Smart Contract modeling and verification techniques: A survey Imeri, Adnan and Agoulmine, Nazim and Khadraoui, Djamel. 2020
1
841.A non-PCP Approach to Succinct Quantum-Safe Zero-Knowledge Jonathan Bootle and Vadim Lyubashevsky and Ngoc Khanh Nguyen and Gregor Seiler. 2020
1
842.Fast amortized Kate proofs Dankrad Feist and Dmitry Khovratovich. 2020
1
843.Diogenes: Lightweight Scalable RSA Modulus Generation with a Dishonest Majority Megan Chen and Carmit Hazay and Yuval Ishai and Yuriy Kashnikov and Daniele Micciancio and Tarik Riviere and abhi shelat and Muthu Venkitasubramaniam and Ruihan Wang. 2020  
1
844.Fluid MPC: Secure Multiparty Computation with Dynamic Participants Arka Rai Choudhuri and Aarushi Goel and Matthew Green and Abhishek Jain and Gabriel Kaptchuk. 2020
1
845.Verifiable state machines: Proofs that untrusted services operate correctly Srinath Setty and Sebastian Angel and Jonathan Lee. 2020
1
846.The Provable Security of Ed25519: Theory and Practice Jacqueline Brendel and Cas Cremers and Dennis Jackson and Mang Zhao. 2020
1
847.Threshold ECDSA with an Offline Recovery Party Battagliola, Michele and Longo, Riccardo and Meneghetti, Alessio and Sala, Massimiliano. 2020
1
848.Non-Atomic Payment Splitting in Channel Networks Dziembowski, Stefan and Kedzior, Pawe\l. 2020
1
849.CanDID: Can-Do Decentralized Identity with Legacy Compatibility, Sybil-Resistance, and Accountability Deepak Maram and Harjasleen Malvai and Fan Zhang and Nerla Jean-Louis and Alexander Frolov and Tyler Kell and Tyrone Lobban and Christine Moy and Ari Juels and Andrew Miller. 2020
1
850.UTXOma: UTXO with Multi-Asset Support Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Chapman, James and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Melkonian, Orestis and M\"uller, Jann and Jones, Michael Peyton and Vinogradova, Polina and Wadler, Philip and Zahnentferner, Joachim. 2020
1
851.Native Custom Tokens in the Extended UTXO Model Chakravarty, Manuel MT and Chapman, James and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Melkonian, Orestis and M\"uller, Jann and Jones, Michael Peyton and Vinogradova, Polina and Wadler, Philip. 2020
1
852.A Survey of Smart Contract Formal Specification and Verification Tolmach, Palina and Li, Yi and Lin, Shang-Wei and Liu, Yang and Li, Zengxiang. 2020
1
853.Aardvark: A Concurrent Authenticated Dictionary with Short Proofs Derek Leung and Yossi Gilad and Sergey Gorbunov and Leonid Reyzin and Nickolai Zeldovich. 2020
1
854.SPARKs: Succinct Parallelizable Arguments of Knowledge Naomi Ephraim and Cody Freitag and Ilan Komargodski and Rafael Pass. 2020
1
855.Decentralized Cross-Blockchain Asset Transfers Sigwart, Marten and Frauenthaler, Philipp and Spanring, Christof and Schulte, Stefan. 2020
1
856.The Provable Security of Ed25519: Theory and Practice Brendel, Jacqueline and Cremers, Cas and Jackson, Dennis and Zhao, Mang. 2020
1
857.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
858.ZeroLedge: Proving Solvency with Privacy Doerner, Jack and Shelat, Abhi and Evans, David. 2018
0
859.Pitchforks in Cryptocurrencies: Enforcing Rule Changes Through Offensive Weippl, Edgar. 2018
0
860.Fractal: A New Paradigm for High-Performance Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
0
861.Practical Zero-Knowledge Arguments from Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary. 2019
0
862.Bootstrapping a stable computation token Teutsch, Jason and M\"akel\"a, Sami and Bakshi, Surya. 2019
0
863.The Rush Dilemma: Attacking and Repairing Smart Contracts on Forking Blockchains Vincenzo Botta and Daniele Friolo and Daniele Venturi and Ivan Visconti. 2019
0
864.State of the Art in Verifiable Computation Khovratovich, Dmitry. 2018
0
865.OCEAN: A Built-In Replacement for Mining Pools Raymond Chee and Kartik Chitturi and Edouard Dufour-Sans and Kyle Soska. 2019
0
866.12 Angry Miners Eghbali, Aryaz and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
867.Efficient fair multiparty protocols using Blockchain and trusted hardware Paul, Souradyuti and Shrivastava, Ananya. 2019
0
868.ABC: Asynchronous Blockchain without Consensus Sliwinski, Jakub and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
869.Atomic Cross-Chain Swaps with Improved Space and Time Complexity Imoto, Soichiro and Sudo, Yuichi and Kakugawa, Hirotsugu and Masuzawa, Toshimitsu. 2019
0
870.Short Paper: Towards Characterizing Sybil Attacks in Cryptocurrency Mixers Mikerah Quintyne-Collins. 2019
0
871.PING and REJECT:The Impact of Side-Channels on Zcash Privacy Florian Tramèr and Dan Boneh and Kenneth G. Paterson. 2019
0
872.Gas limit aware mutation testing of smart contracts at scale Hartel, Pieter and Schumi, Richard. 2019
0
873.TULIP: A Fully Incentive Compatible Blockchain Framework Amortizing Redundant Communication Ersoy, Oguzhan and Zekeriya, Erkin and Lagendijk, Reginald L. 2019
0
874.Barracuda: The Power of $$\backslash$ell $-polling in Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Fanti, Giulia and Jiao, Jiantao and Makkuva, Ashok and Oh, Sewoong and Rana, Ranvir and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
0
875.Mapping finite state machines to zk-SNARKS Using Category Theory Genovese, Fabrizio and Knispel, Andre and Fitzgerald, Joshua. 2019
0
876.Hydra: A Multiple Blockchain Protocol for Improving Transaction Throughput G\"undlach, Rowel and Hoepman, Jaap-Henk and van der Hofstad, Remco and Koens, Tommy and Meijer, Stijn. 2019
0
877.Kachina--Foundations of Private Smart Contracts Kerber, Thomas and Kiayias, Aggelos and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2020
0
878.BackPackers: A New Network Paradigm for Secure and High-performance Blockchains Thai, Phuc D and Zhou, Hong-sheng and Katz, Jonathan and Fan, Lei and Dinh, Thang N. 2019
0
879.WaterCarver: Anonymous Confidential Blockchain System based on Account Model Jiajun Xin and Pei Huang and Lei Chen and Xin Lai and Xiao Zhang and Wulu Li and Yongcan Wang. 2019
0
880.Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage Francati, Danilo and Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faye, Abdoulaye and Milazzo, Andrea Maria and Perillo, Angelo Massimo and Schiatti, Luca and Giordano, Giuseppe. 2019
0
881.Verifiable Computation using Smart Contracts Avizheh, Sepideh and Nabi, Mahmudun and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Venkateswarlu K, Muni. 2019
0
882.{\AE}GIS: Smart Shielding of Smart Contracts Ferreira Torres, Christof and Baden, Mathis and Norvill, Robert and Jonker, Hugo. 2019
0
883.MPro: Combining Static and Symbolic Analysis for Scalable Testing of Smart Contract Zhang, William and Banescu, Sebastian and Pasos, Leodardo and Stewart, Steven and Ganesh, Vijay. 2019
0
884.On Privacy Preserving Blockchains and zk-SNARKs Atapoor, Shahla. 2019
0
885.Nummatus: A Privacy Preserving Proof of Reserves Protocol for Quisquis Dutta, Arijit and Jana, Arnab and Vijayakumaran, Saravanan. 2019
0
886.Winkle: Foiling Long-Range Attacks in Proof-of-Stake Systems Sarah Azouvi and George Danezis and Valeria Nikolaenko. 2019
0
887.An Alternative Paradigm for Developing and Pricing Storage on Smart Contract Platforms Patsonakis, Christos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2019
0
888.Arcula: A Secure Hierarchical Deterministic Wallet for Multi-asset Blockchains Di Luzio, Adriano and Francati, Danilo and Ateniese, Giuseppe. 2019
0
889.Bypassing Non-Outsourceable Proof-of-Work Schemes Using Collateralized Smart Contracts Alexander Chepurnoy and Amitabh Saxena. 2020
0
890.Formal specification of a security framework for smart contracts Mandrykin, Mikhail and O'Shannessy, Jake and Payne, Jacob and Shchepetkov, Ilya. 2020
0
891.Characterizing Orphan Transactions in the Bitcoin Network Imtiaz, Muhammad Anas and Starobinski, David and Trachtenberg, Ari. 2019
0
892.A Smart Contract Refereed Data Retrieval Protocol with a Provably Low Collateral Requirement James Shook and Scott Simon and Peter Mell. 2019
0
893.Anonymous Tokens with Private Metadata Bit Ben Kreuter and Tancrede Lepoint and Michele Orru and Mariana Raykova. 2020
0
894.Baby SNARK (do do dodo dodo) Andrew Miller and Ye Zhang and Sanket Kanjalkar. 2020  
0
895.Ethna: Channel Network with Dynamic Internal Payment Splitting Stefan Dziembowski and Paweł Kędzior. 2020
0
896.Towards declarative smart contracts Purnell, Kevin and Schwitter, Rolf. 2019
0
897.Bitcoin Crypto–Bounties for Quantum Capable Adversaries Dragos Ioan Ilie and Kostis Karantias and William J. Knottenbelt. 2020
0
898.Committing to Quantum Resistance, Better: A Speed–and–Risk–Configurable Defence for Bitcoin against a Fast Quantum Computing Attack Dragos Ioan Ilie and William J. Knottenbelt and Iain Stewart. 2020
0
899.An airdrop that preserves recipient privacy⋆ Wahby, Riad S and Boneh, Dan and Jeffrey, Christopher and Poon, Joseph. 2020  
0
900.Proof of Storage-Time: Efficiently Checking Continuous Data Availability Ateniese, Giuseppe and Chen, Long and Etemad, Mohammad and Tang, Qiang. 2020
0
901.Optimized Collision Search for STARK-Friendly Hash Challenge Candidates Udovenko, Aleksei. 2020
0
902.Multichain-MWPoW: A $p/2$ Adversary Power Resistant Blockchain Sharding Approach to a Decentralised Autonomous Organisation Architecture Yibin Xu and Yangyu Huang and Jianhua Shao and George Theodorakopoulos. 2020
0
903.Accountability in a Permissioned Blockchain: Formal Analysis of Hyperledger Fabric Ralf Kuesters and Daniel Rausch and Mike Simon. 2020
0
904.Fast, Private, Flexible Blockchain Contracts ZkVM Oleg Andreev and Bob Glickstein and Vicki Niu and Tess Rinearson and Debnil Sur and Cathie Yun. 2019  
0
905.A Note on Low Order Assumptions in RSA groups István András Seres and Péter Burcsi. 2020
0
906.FastPay: High-Performance Byzantine Fault Tolerant Settlement Baudet, Mathieu and Danezis, George and Sonnino, Alberto. 2020
0
907.Plumo: Towards Scalable Interoperable Blockchains Using Ultra Light Validation Systems Gabizon, Ariel and Gurkan, Kobi and Jovanovic, Philipp and Konstantopoulos, Georgios and Oines, Asa and Olszewski, Marek and Straka, Michael and Tromer, Eran. 2020  
0
908.Promise: Leveraging Future Gains for Collateral Reduction Dominik Harz and Lewis Gudgeon and Rami Khalil and Alexei Zamyatin. 2020
0
909.Tiramisu: Black-Box Simulation Extractable NIZKs in the Updatable CRS Model Karim Baghery and Mahdi Sedaghat. 2020
0
910.Bitcoin Transaction Networks: an overview of recent results Vallarano, Nicol\`o and Tessone, Claudio and Squartini, Tiziano. 2020
0
911.Prism Removes Consensus Bottleneck for Smart Contracts Wang, Gerui and Wang, Shuo and Bagaria, Vivek and Tse, David and Viswanath, Pramod. 2020
0
912.ZeroJoin: Combining ZeroCoin and CoinJoin Alexander Chepurnoy and Amitabh Saxena. 2020
0
913.Account Management in Proof of Stake Ledgers Dimitris Karakostas and Aggelos Kiayias and Mario Larangeira. 2020
0
914.EthScope: A Transaction-centric Security Analytics Framework to Detect Malicious Smart Contracts on Ethereum Wu, Lei and Wu, Siwei and Zhou, Yajin and Li, Runhuai and Wang, Zhi and Luo, Xiapu and Wang, Cong and Ren, Kui. 2020
0
915.Alt-Coin Traceability Claire Ye and Chinedu Ojukwu and Anthony Hsu and Ruiqi Hu. 2020
0
916.Proposal: The Turbo-PLONK program syntaxfor specifying SNARK programs Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson. 2020  
0
917.Community Proposal: A Benchmarking Framework for (Zero-Knowledge) Proof Systems Benarroch, Daniel and Nicolas, Aur\'elien and Thaler, Justin and Tromer, Eran. 2020
0
918.Permissionless Consensus in the Resource Model Benjamin Terner. 2020
0
919.Unbounded Simulation-Sound Subversion Resistant Quasi-Adaptive NIZK Proofs and Applications to Modular zk-SNARKs Behzad Abdolmaleki and Daniel Slamanig. 2020
0
920.Layer 2 Atomic Cross-Blockchain Function Calls Robinson, Peter and Ramesh, Raghavendra. 2020
0
921.Performance Overhead of Atomic Crosschain Transactions Robinson, Peter. 2020
0
922.Distributed Auditing Proofs of Liabilities Konstantinos Chalkias and Kevin Lewi and Payman Mohassel and Valeria Nikolaenko. 2020
0
923.Custody Protocols Using Bitcoin Vaults Swambo, Jacob and Hommel, Spencer and McElrath, Bob and Bishop, Bryan. 2020
0
924.ZKProof Community Reference ZKProofStandards. 2019
0
925.Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Set Membership: Efficient, Succinct, Modular Benarroch, Daniel and Campanelli, Matteo and Fiore, Dario and Gurkan, Kobi and Kolonelos, Dimitris. 2020  
0
926.Liquid: A Bitcoin Sidechain Nick, Jonas and Poelstra, Andrew and Sanders, Gregory. 2020
0
927.Game theoretical framework for analyzing Blockchains Robustness Paolo Zappalà and Marianna Belotti and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Stefano Secci. 2020
0
928.On Subversion-Resistant SNARKs Behzad Abdolmaleki and Helger Lipmaa and Janno Siim and Michał Zając. 2020
0
929.About Blockchain Interoperability Pascal Lafourcade and Marius Lombard-Platet. 2020
0
930.Towards Smart Hybrid Fuzzing for Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Iannillo, Antonio Ken and Gervais, Arthur and State, Radu. 2020
0
931.Smart Contract With Secret Parameters Thiercelin, Marin and Cheng, Chen-Mou and Miyaji, Atsuko and Vaudenay, Serge. 2020
0
932.zkInterface, a standard tool for zero-knowledge interoperability Daniel Benarroch and Kobi Gurkan and Ron Kahat and Aurélien Nicolas 1 and Eran Tromer. 2020   
0
933.TinyRAM Architecture Specification v2. 000 Chiesa, Eli Ben-Sasson Alessandro and Genkin, Daniel and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2020
0
934.Succinct Diophantine-Satisfiability Arguments Patrick Towa and Damien Vergnaud. 2020
0
935.On the Confidentiality of Amounts in Grin Suyash Bagad and Saravanan Vijayakumaran. 2020
0
936.Reputable List Curation from Decentralized Voting Elizabeth C. Crites and Mary Maller and Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2020
0
937.Rational Behavior in Committee-Based Blockchains Yackolley Amoussou-Guenou and Bruno Biais and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci-Piergiovanni. 2020
0
938.Leveraging Weight Functions for Optimistic Responsiveness in Blockchains Simon Holmgaard Kamp and Bernardo Magri and Christian Matt and Jesper Buus Nielsen and Søren Eller Thomsen and Daniel Tschudi. 2020
0
939.Bulletproofs+: Shorter Proofs for Privacy-Enhanced Distributed Ledger Heewon Chung and Kyoohyung Han and Chanyang Ju and Myungsun Kim and Jae Hong Seo. 2020
0
940.MAD-HTLC: Because HTLC is Crazy-Cheap to Attack Itay Tsabary and Matan Yechieli and Ittay Eyal. 2020  
0
941.Dynamic proofs of retrievability with low server storage Anthoine, Gaspard and Dumas, Jean-Guillaume and Hanling, Michael and de Jonghe, M\'elanie and Maignan, Aude and Pernet, Cl\'ement and Roche, Daniel S. 2020
0
942.BTSO: A Blockchain Protocol Based on Reconfigurable Byzantine Consensus Abraham, Ittai and Malkhi, Dahlia and Nayak, Kartik and Rowadoski, Listovich and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2020  
0
943.A Simple Range Proof From Polynomial Commitments Dan Boneh and Ben Fisch and Ariel Gabizon and Zac Williamson. 2020  
0
944.Timelocked Bribes Majid Khabbazian and Tejaswi Nadahalli and Roger Wattenhofer. 2020
0
945.Dynamic Universal Accumulator with Batch Update over Bilinear Groups Giuseppe Vitto and Alex Biryukov. 2020
0
946.Anonymous probabilistic payment in payment hub Tatsuo Mitani and Akira Otsuka. 2020
0
947.Compressing Proofs of $k$-Out-Of-$n$ Partial Knowledge Thomas Attema and Ronald Cramer and Serge Fehr. 2020
0
948.Time-release Cryptography from Minimal Circuit Assumptions Samuel Jaques and Hart Montgomery and Arnab Roy. 2020
0
949.Accountability in a Permissioned Blockchain: Formal Analysis of Hyperledger Fabric Ralf Kuesters and Daniel Rausch and Mike Simon. 2020
0
950.An Empirical Study of Ownership, Typestate, and Assets in the Obsidian Smart Contract Language Coblenz, Michael and Aldrich, Jonathan and Sunshine, Joshua and Myers, Brad. 2020
0
951.Groth16 SNARKs are Randomizable and (Weakly) Simulation Extractable Mikhail Volkhov and Markulf Kohlweiss. 2020
0
952.PayPlace: A Scalable Sidechain Protocol for Flexible Payment Mechanisms in Blockchain-based Marketplaces Harishankar, Madhumitha and Iyer, Sriram V and Laszka, Aron and Joe-Wong, Carlee and Tague, Patrick. 2020
0
953.Computation Verification for Noobs Riabzev, Michael and Ben-Sasson, Eli and Ishai, Yuval. 2019
0
954.An empirical study of availability and reliability properties of the Bitcoin Lightning Network Waugh, Finnegan and Holz, Ralph. 2020
0
955.Virtual ASICs: Generalized Proof-of-Stake Mining in Cryptocurrencies Chaya Ganesh and Claudio Orlandi and Daniel Tschudi and Aviv Zohar. 2020
0
956.Flexible Formality Practical Experience with Agile Formal Methods Szamotulski, Marcin and Vinogradova, Polina. 2020
0
957.Proofs of Useless Work--Positive and Negative Results for Wasteless Mining Systems Dotan, Maya and Tochner, Saar. 2020
0
958.Cross-Layer Deanonymization Methods in the Lightning Protocol Romiti, Matteo and Victor, Friedhelm and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Haslhofer, Bernhard and Maffei, Matteo. 2020
0
959.zk-SNARKs Analysis and Implementation on Ethereum Ballesteros Rodr\'\iguez, Alberto. 2020
0
960.SmartBugs: A Framework to Analyze Solidity Smart Contracts Ferreira, Jo\~ao F and Cruz, Pedro and Durieux, Thomas and Abreu, Rui. 2020  
0
961.Updatable Blockchains⋆ Ciampi, Michele and Karayannidis, Nikos and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2020
0
962.Model Checking Bitcoin and other Proof-of-Work Consensus Protocols DiGiacomo-Castillo, Max and Liang, Yiyun and Pal, Advay and Mitchell, John C. 2020
0
963.Undercutting Bitcoin Is Not Profitable Tiantian Gong and Mohsen Minaei and Wenhai Sun and Aniket Kate. 2020
0
964.Performance Trade-offs in Design of MimbleWimble Proofs of Reserves Suyash Bagad and Saravanan Vijayakumaran. 2020
0
965.A Gas-Efficient Superlight Bitcoin Client in Solidity Stelios Daveas and Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2020  
0
966.STARK Friendly Hash -- Survey and Recommendation Eli Ben-Sasson and Lior Goldberg and David Levit. 2020
0
967.Fast, Scalable, and Communication-Efficient Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Boolean and Arithmetic Circuits Chenkai Weng and Kang Yang and Jonathan Katz and Xiao Wang. 2020
0
968.Design choices for Central Bank Digital Currency Allen, Sarah and Capkun, Srdjan and Eyal, Ittay and Fanti, Giulia and Ford, Bryan and Grimmelmann, James and Juels, Ari and Kostiainen, Kari and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew and others. 2020
0
969.JugglingSwap: Scriptless Atomic Cross-Chain Swaps Shlomovits, Omer and Leiba, Oded. 2020
0
970.Formalizing Nakamoto-Style Proof of Stake Søren Eller Thomsen and Bas Spitters. 2020
0
971.The Maker Protocol:MakerDAO’s Multi-Collateral Dai(MCD) System Makerdao. 2017
0
972.Lightweight Virtual Payment Channels Maxim Jourenko and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2020
0
973.Zecale: Reconciling Privacy and Scalability on Ethereum Rondelet, Antoine. 2020
0
974.Foundations of DistributedConsensus and Blockchains Elaine Shi. 2020
0
975.GasMet: Profiling Gas Leaks in the Deployment of Solidity Smart Contracts Canfora, Gerardo and Di Sorbo, Andrea and Laudanna, Sonia and Vacca, Anna and Visaggio, Corrado A. 2020
0
976.Compiling a Higher-Order Smart Contract Language to LLVM Nagaraj, Vaivaswatha and Johannsen, Jacob and Trunov, Anton and P\^\irlea, George and Kumar, Amrit and Sergey, Ilya. 2020
0
977.Kyber: An On-Chain Liquidity Protocol Kyber. 2019
0
978.FileBounty: Fair Data Exchange Janin, Simon and Qin, Kaihua and Mamageishvili, Akaki and Gervais, Arthur. 2020
0
979.Attacking Threshold Wallets Jean-Philippe Aumasson and Omer Shlomovits. 2020
0
980.Polynomial IOPs for Linear Algebra Relations Alan Szepieniec. 2020
0
981.Consensus Redux: Distributed Ledgers in the Face of Adversarial Supremacy Badertscher, Christian and Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and Zikas, Vassilis. 2020
0
982.A Comprehensive Survey on Smart Contract Construction and Execution: Paradigms, Tools and Systems Hu, Bin and Zhang, Zongyang and Liu, Jianwei and Liu, Yizhong and Yin, Jiayuan and Lu, Rongxing and Lin, Xiaodong. 2020
0
983.Lunar: a Toolbox for More Efficient Universal and Updatable zkSNARKs and Commit-and-Prove Extensions Matteo Campanelli and Antonio Faonio and Dario Fiore and Anaïs Querol and Hadrián Rodríguez. 2020
0
984.High-Frequency Trading on Decentralized On-Chain Exchanges Zhou, Liyi and Qin, Kaihua and Torres, Christof Ferreira and Le, Duc V and Gervais, Arthur. 2020
0
985.Tracking Mixed Bitcoins Tironsakkul, Tin and Maarek, Manuel and Eross, Andrea and Just, Mike. 2020
0
986.Information Theoretic HotStuff Abraham, Ittai and Stern, Gilad. 2020
0
987.A formal model of Algorand smart contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Bracciali, Andrea and Lepore, Cristian and Scalas, Alceste and Zunino, Roberto. 2020
0
988.The Velvet Path to Superlight Blockchain Clients Kiayias, Aggelos and Polydouri, Andrianna and Zindros, Dionysis. 2020
0
989.Impossibility on the Schnorr Signature from the One-more DL Assumption in the Non-programmable Random Oracle Model Masayuki Fukumitsu and Shingo Hasegawa. 2020
0
990.Authenticated Dictionaries with Cross-Incremental Proof (Dis)aggregation Alin Tomescu and Yu Xia and Zachary Newman. 2020
0
991.EVMPatch: Timely and Automated Patching of Ethereum Smart Contracts Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2020
0
992.Quarks: Quadruple-efficient transparent zkSNARKs Srinath Setty and Jonathan Lee. 2020
0
993.Liquidations: DeFi on a Knife-edge Perez, Daniel and Werner, Sam M and Xu, Jiahua and Livshits, Benjamin. 2020
0
994.Dory: Efficient, Transparent arguments for Generalised Inner Products and Polynomial Commitments Jonathan Lee. 2020
0
995.MuSig2: Simple Two-Round Schnorr Multi-Signatures Jonas Nick and Tim Ruffing and Yannick Seurin. 2020
0
996.Simulation Extractable Versions of Groth’s zk-SNARK Revisited Karim Baghery and Zaira Pindado and Carla Ràfols. 2020
0
997.On the Compressed-Oracle Technique, and Post-Quantum Security of Proofs of Sequential Work Kai-Min Chung and Serge Fehr and Yu-Hsuan Huang and Tai-Ning Liao. 2020
0
998.A note on the low order assumption in class group of an imaginary quadratic number fields Karim Belabas and Thorsten Kleinjung and Antonio Sanso and Benjamin Wesolowski. 2020
0
999.A Tendermint Light Client Braithwaite, Sean and Buchman, Ethan and Khoffi, Ismail and Konnov, Igor and Milosevic, Zarko and Ruetschi, Romain and Widder, Josef. 2020
0
1000.Taming the many EdDSAs Konstantinos Chalkias and François Garillot and Valeria Nikolaenko. 2020
0
1001.Round-Efficient Byzantine Broadcast under Strongly Adaptive and Majority Corruptions Wan, Jun and Xiao, Hanshen and Devadas, Srinivas and Shi, Elaine. 2020
0
1002.Smart Contract Languages: A Thorough Comparison Gramlich, Benjamin. 2020
0
1003.Succinct Non-Interactive Arguments for Arithmetic Circuits Spooner, Nicholas. 2020
0