A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-12-10

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008
8492
2.Ethereum: a secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger Wood, Gavin. 2014
1945
3.Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things Christidis, Konstantinos and Devetsikiotis, Michael. 2016
1419
4.Pricing via processing or combatting junk mail Dwork, Cynthia and Naor, Moni. 1992
1268
5.Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable Eyal, Ittay and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2014
1187
6.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
1067
7.Hawk: The blockchain model of cryptography and privacy-preserving smart contracts Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine and Wen, Zikai and Papamanthou, Charalampos. 2016
960
8.Decentralizing privacy: Using blockchain to protect personal data Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and others. 2015
924
9.Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies: a comprehensive introduction Narayanan, Arvind and Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward and Miller, Andrew and Goldfeder, Steven. 2016
850
10.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform Buterin, Vitalik. 2014
846
11.An analysis of anonymity in the bitcoin system Reid, F and Harrigan, M. 2013
845
12.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
791
13.A fistful of bitcoins: characterizing payments among men with no names Meiklejohn, Sarah and Pomarole, Marjori and Jordan, Grant and Levchenko, Kirill and McCoy, Damon and Voelker, Geoffrey M and Savage, Stefan. 2013
763
14.Formalizing and securing relationships on public networks Szabo, Nick. 1997
728
15.SoK: Research perspectives and challenges for bitcoin and cryptocurrencies Bonneau, Joseph and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Narayanan, Arvind and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2015
704
16.Quantitative analysis of the full bitcoin transaction graph Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2013
698
17.Hashcash - A Denial of Service Counter-Measure Back, Adam. 2002
681
18.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol : Analysis and Applications Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos. 2014
676
19.Information propagation in the Bitcoin network Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2013
650
20.Bitcoin-NG: A Scalable Blockchain Protocol Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Sirer, Emin Gün and van Renesse, Robbert. 2016
641
21.Zerocoin: Anonymous distributed e-cash from bitcoin Miers, Ian and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Rubin, Aviel D. 2013
610
22.Making smart contracts smarter Luu, Loi and Chu, Duc-Hiep and Olickel, Hrishi and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2016
609
23.On Scaling Decentralized Blockchains Croman, Kyle and Decker, Christian and Eyal, Ittay and Gencer, Adem Efe and Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Saxena, Prateek and Shi, Elaine and Gün Sirer, Emin. 2016
608
24.Hyperledger fabric: a distributed operating system for permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Barger, Artem and Bortnikov, Vita and Cachin, Christian and Christidis, Konstantinos and De Caro, Angelo and Enyeart, David and Ferris, Christopher and Laventman, Gennady and Manevich, Yacov and Muralidharan, Srinivasan and Murthy, Chet and Nguyen, Binh and Sethi, Manish and Singh, Gari and Smith, Keith and Sorniotti, Alessandro and Stathakopoulou, Chrysoula and Vukolić, Marko and Weed Cocco, Sharon and Yellick, Jason. 2018
595
25.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
553
26.The quest for scalable blockchain fabric: Proof-of-work vs. BFT replication Vukolić, Marko. 2015
551
27.Pinocchio: Nearly practical verifiable computation Parno, Bryan and Howell, Jon and Gentry, Craig and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
539
28.On the security and performance of proof of work blockchains Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and W\"ust, Karl and Glykantzis, Vasileios and Ritzdorf, Hubert and Capkun, Srdjan. 2016
505
29.Evaluating user privacy in bitcoin Androulaki, Elli and Karame, Ghassan O and Roeschlin, Marc and Scherer, Tobias and Capkun, Srdjan. 2013
464
30.Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander and David, Bernardo and Oliynykov, Roman. 2017
448
31.A survey of attacks on ethereum smart contracts (sok) Atzei, Nicola and Bartoletti, Massimo and Cimoli, Tiziana. 2017
435
32.Ipfs-content addressed, versioned, p2p file system Benet, Juan. 2014
407
33.The economics of Bitcoin mining, or Bitcoin in the presence of adversaries Kroll, Joshua A and Davey, Ian C and Felten, Edward W. 2013
404
34.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
395
35.Quadratic span programs and succinct NIZKs without PCPs Gennaro, Rosario and Gentry, Craig and Parno, Bryan and Raykova, Mariana. 2013
388
36.Ppcoin: Peer-to-peer crypto-currency with proof-of-stake King, Sunny and Nadal, Scott. 2012
388
37.Algorand: Scaling byzantine agreements for cryptocurrencies Gilad, Yossi and Hemo, Rotem and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2017
364
38.Algorand Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2016
364
39.Eclipse Attacks on Bitcoin's Peer-to-Peer Network Heilman, Ethan and Kendler, Alison and Zohar, Aviv and Goldberg, Sharon. 2015
348
40.SNARKs for C: Verifying program executions succinctly and in zero knowledge Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Genkin, Daniel and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2013
340
41.Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gailly, Nicolas and Khoffi, Ismail and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2016
324
42.A secure sharding protocol for open blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Zheng, Chaodong and Baweja, Kunal and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
321
43.Step by step towards creating a safe smart contract: Lessons and insights from a cryptocurrency lab Delmolino, Kevin and Arnett, Mitchell and Kosba, Ahmed and Miller, Andrew and Shi, Elaine. 2016
304
44.The Ripple protocol consensus algorithm Schwartz, D and Youngs, N and Britto, A. 2014
299
45.Optimal Selfish Mining Strategies in Bitcoin Sapirshtein, Ayelet and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
294
46.Analysis of the Blockchain Protocol in Asynchronous Networks Pass, Rafael and Seeman, Lior and abhi Shelat. 2016
289
47.Secure multiparty computations on bitcoin Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
288
48.Proof of Activity: Extending Bitcoin's Proof of Work via Proof of Stake Bentov, Iddo and Lee, Charles and Mizrahi, Alex and Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
284
49.A survey on the security of blockchain systems Li, Xiaoqi and Jiang, Peng and Chen, Ting and Luo, Xiapu and Wen, Qiaoyan. 2017
284
50.Separating succinct non-interactive arguments from all falsifiable assumptions Gentry, Craig and Wichs, Daniel. 2011
283
51.Enabling blockchain innovations with pegged sidechains Back, A and Corallo, M and Dashjr, L. 2014
275
52.Deanonymisation of clients in Bitcoin P2P network Biryukov, Alex and Khovratovich, Dmitry and Pustogarov, Ivan. 2014
272
53.Short pairing-based non-interactive zero-knowledge arguments Groth, Jens. 2010
269
54.The Miner's Dilemma Eyal, Ittay. 2014
267
55.Do you need a Blockchain? Wüst, Karl and Gervais, Arthur. 2017
260
56.Formal verification of smart contracts: Short paper Bhargavan, Karthikeyan and Delignat-Lavaud, Antoine and Fournet, C\'edric and Gollamudi, Anitha and Gonthier, Georges and Kobeissi, Nadim and Kulatova, Natalia and Rastogi, Aseem and Sibut-Pinote, Thomas and Swamy, Nikhil and others. 2016
256
57.Enigma: Decentralized computation platform with guaranteed privacy Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and Pentland, Alex. 2015
248
58.Mixcoin: Anonymity for bitcoin with accountable mixes Bonneau, Joseph and Narayanan, Arvind and Miller, Andrew and Clark, Jeremy and Kroll, Joshua A. and Felten, Edward W.. 2014
243
59.Town crier: An authenticated data feed for smart contracts Zhang, Fan and Cecchetti, Ethan and Croman, Kyle and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
243
60.The honey badger of BFT protocols Miller, Andrew and Xia, Yu and Croman, Kyle and Shi, Elaine and Song, Dawn. 2016
241
61.On Bitcoin and red balloons Babaioff, Moshe and Dobzinski, Shahar and Oren, Sigal and Zohar, Aviv. 2011
238
62.Succinct Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge for a von Neumann Architecture. Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
238
63.A survey on security and privacy issues of bitcoin Conti, Mauro and Kumar, E Sandeep and Lal, Chhagan and Ruj, Sushmita. 2018
236
64.A taxonomy of blockchain-based systems for architecture design Xu, Xiwei and Weber, Ingo and Staples, Mark and Zhu, Liming and Bosch, Jan and Bass, Len and Pautasso, Cesare and Rimba, Paul. 2017
232
65.An analysis of anonymity in bitcoin using p2p network traffic Koshy, Philip and Koshy, Diana and McDaniel, Patrick. 2014
231
66.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
226
67.Blockchain consensus protocols in the wild Cachin, Christian and Vukoli\'c, Marko. 2017
222
68.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
219
69.The stellar consensus protocol: A federated model for internet-level consensus Mazieres, David. 2015
218
70.How to use Bitcoin to design fair protocols Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit. 2014
216
71.Analysis of bitcoin pooled mining reward systems Rosenfeld, Meni. 2011
214
72.CoinShuffle: Practical decentralized coin mixing for bitcoin Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2014
205
73.Is bitcoin a decentralized currency? Gervais, Arthur and Karame, Ghassan O and Capkun, Vedran and Capkun, Srdjan. 2014
204
74.Cryptocurrencies without proof of work Bentov, Iddo and Gabizon, Ariel and Mizrahi, Alex. 2016
200
75.Permacoin: Repurposing bitcoin work for data preservation Miller, Andrew and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine and Parno, Bryan and Katz, Jonathan. 2014
199
76.Centrally banked cryptocurrencies Danezis, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2015
192
77.An empirical analysis of smart contracts: platforms, applications, and design patterns Bartoletti, Massimo and Pompianu, Livio. 2017
192
78.Casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik and Griffith, Virgil. 2017
192
79.Inclusive block chain protocols Lewenberg, Yoad and Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2015
187
80.Recursive composition and bootstrapping for SNARKs and proof-carrying data Bitansky, Nir and Canetti, Ran and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran. 2013
180
81.Succinct non-interactive arguments via linear interactive proofs Bitansky, Nir and Chiesa, Alessandro and Ishai, Yuval and Paneth, Omer and Ostrovsky, Rafail. 2013
175
82.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
163
83.Proofs of Space Dziembowski, Stefan and Faust, Sebastian and Kolmogorov, Vladimir and Pietrzak, Krzysztof. 2015
157
84.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
155
85.On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward Carlsten, Miles and Kalodner, Harry and Weinberg, S Matthew and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
152
86.Omniledger: A secure, scale-out, decentralized ledger via sharding Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Gailly, Nicolas and Syta, Ewa and Ford, Bryan. 2018
152
87.A smart contract for boardroom voting with maximum voter privacy McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2017
150
88.Hybrid consensus: Efficient consensus in the permissionless model Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2017
142
89.The blockchain folk theorem Biais, Bruno and Bisi\`ere, Christophe and Bouvard, Matthieu and Casamatta, Catherine. 2017
136
90.Fruitchains: A fair blockchain Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
136
91.Demystifying incentives in the consensus computer Luu, Loi and Teutsch, Jason and Kulkarni, Raghav and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
134
92.Have a Snack, Pay with Bitcoins Bamert, Tobias and Decker, Christian and Elsen, Lennart and Wattenhofer, Roger and Welten, Samuel. 2013
130
93.Snow White: Provably Secure Proofs of Stake. Bentov, Iddo and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2016
128
94.Geppetto: Versatile verifiable computation Costello, Craig and Fournet, C\'edric and Howell, Jon and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kreuter, Benjamin and Naehrig, Michael and Parno, Bryan and Zahur, Samee. 2015
128
95.Finding The Greedy, Prodigal, and Suicidal Contracts at Scale Nikolic, Ivica and Kolluri, Aashish and Sergey, Ilya and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
126
96.Zeus: Analyzing safety of smart contracts Kalra, Sukrit and Goel, Seep and Dhawan, Mohan and Sharma, Subodh. 2018
126
97.Difficulty control for blockchain-based consensus systems Kraft, Daniel. 2016
126
98.Tendermint: Byzantine fault tolerance in the age of blockchains Buchman, Ethan. 2016
126
99.Scalable zero knowledge via cycles of elliptic curves Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2017
123
100.Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts Poon, Joseph and Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
123
101.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
123
102.Consensus in the age of blockchains Bano, Shehar and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Danezis, George. 2017
122
103.Bulletproofs: Short proofs for confidential transactions and more B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2018
122
104.Securify: Practical security analysis of smart contracts Tsankov, Petar and Dan, Andrei and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Gervais, Arthur and Buenzli, Florian and Vechev, Martin. 2018
118
105.On the size of pairing-based non-interactive arguments Groth, Jens. 2016
117
106.Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with prime number proof-of-work King, Sunny. 2013
117
107.Empirical analysis of denial-of-service attacks in the Bitcoin ecosystem Vasek, Marie and Thornton, Micah and Moore, Tyler. 2014
116
108.Fair two-party computations via bitcoin deposits Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, Lukasz. 2014
112
109.CryptoNote v 2.0 Saberhagen, Nicolas Van. 2013
112
110.A Decentralized Public Key Infrastructure with Identity Retention. Fromknecht, Conner and Velicanu, Dragos and Yakoubov, Sophia. 2014
109
111.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
109
112.Accelerating Bitcoin's Transaction Processing. Fast Money Grows on Trees, Not Chains Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, A. 2013
108
113.Defining the ethereum virtual machine for interactive theorem provers Hirai, Yoichi. 2017
107
114.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
102
115.Decentralization in bitcoin and ethereum networks Gencer, Adem Efe and Basu, Soumya and Eyal, Ittay and Van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
102
116.Efficient RAM and control flow in verifiable outsourced computation. Wahby, Riad S and Setty, Srinath TV and Ren, Zuocheng and Blumberg, Andrew J and Walfish, Michael. 2015
99
117.Resolving the conflict between generality and plausibility in verified computation Setty, Srinath and Braun, Benjamin and Vu, Victor and Blumberg, Andrew J and Parno, Bryan and Walfish, Michael. 2013
97
118.Scalable, transparent, and post-quantum secure computational integrity Eli Ben-Sasson and Iddo Bentov and Yinon Horesh and Michael Riabzev. 2018
93
119.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
93
120.The ring of gyges: Investigating the future of criminal smart contracts Juels, Ari and Kosba, Ahmed and Shi, Elaine. 2016
92
121.Speed-Security Tradeoffs in Blockchain Protocols Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2015
92
122.Proof-of-Burn Kostis Karantias and Aggelos Kiayias and Dionysis Zindros. 2019
91
123.Pinocchio coin Danezis, George and Fournet, Cedric and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Parno, Bryan. 2013
90
124.On Bitcoin as a public randomness source. Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Goldfeder, Steven. 2015
90
125.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
89
126.Under-optimized smart contracts devour your money Chen, Ting and Li, Xiaoqi and Luo, Xiapu and Zhang, Xiaosong. 2017
89
127.Blindly signed contracts: Anonymous on-blockchain and off-blockchain bitcoin transactions Heilman, Ethan and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Goldberg, Sharon. 2016
89
128.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016
87
129.A Semantic Framework for the Security Analysis of Ethereum smart contracts Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
87
130.Spacecoin : A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Park, Sunoo and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Alwen, Joel and Fuchsbauer, Georg and Gazi, Peter. 2015
87
131.ZKBoo: Faster Zero-Knowledge for Boolean Circuits. Giacomelli, Irene and Madsen, Jesper and Orlandi, Claudio. 2016
83
132.Secure sampling of public parameters for succinct zero knowledge proofs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2015
83
133.Anonymous Byzantine Consensus from Moderately-Hard Puzzles: A Model for Bitcoin Miller, Andrew and Jr, Jj LaViola. 2014
82
134.Threshold-optimal DSA/ECDSA signatures and an application to Bitcoin wallet security Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
82
135.Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions Miller, Andrew and Kosba, Ahmed and Katz, Jonathan and Shi, Elaine. 2015
81
136.Theoretical Bitcoin Attacks with less than Half of the Computational Power (draft) Lear Bahack. 2013
81
137.Incentive Compatibility of Bitcoin Mining Pool Reward Functions Schrijvers, Okke and Bonneau, Joseph and Boneh, Dan and Roughgarden, Tim. 2016
80
138.Proofs of Space: When Space is of the Essence Ateniese, Giuseppe and Bonacina, Ilario and Faonio, Antonio and Galesi, Nicola. 2013
79
139.A traceability analysis of monero’s blockchain Kumar, Amrit and Fischer, Cl\'ement and Tople, Shruti and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
79
140.Rapidchain: Scaling blockchain via full sharding Zamani, Mahdi and Movahedi, Mahnush and Raykova, Mariana. 2018
77
141.Ligero: Lightweight sublinear arguments without a trusted setup Ames, Scott and Hazay, Carmit and Ishai, Yuval and Venkitasubramaniam, Muthuramakrishnan. 2017
76
142.Towards Verifying Ethereum Smart Contract Bytecode in Isabelle/HOL Amani, Sidney and B\'egel, Myriam and Bortin, Maksym and Staples, Mark. 2018
75
143.How to use bitcoin to play decentralized poker Kumaresan, Ranjit and Moran, Tal and Bentov, Iddo. 2015
73
144.Thunderella: Blockchains with Optimistic Instant Confirmation Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2017
72
145.Mastering ethereum: building smart contracts and dapps Antonopoulos, Andreas M and Wood, Gavin. 2018
72
146.Zcash protocol specification Hopwood, Daira and Bowe, Sean and Hornby, Taylor and Wilcox, Nathan. 2016
70
147.RingCT 2.0: A Compact Accumulator-Based (Linkable Ring Signature) Protocol for Blockchain Cryptocurrency Monero Sun, Shi-Feng and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Joseph K and Yuen, Tsz Hon. 2017
69
148.Succinct non-interactive zero knowledge arguments from span programs and linear error-correcting codes Lipmaa, Helger. 2013
69
149.Chainspace: A Sharded Smart Contracts Platform Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Hrycyszyn, Dave and Danezis, George. 2017
68
150.Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2015
68
151.High Parallel Complexity Graphs and Memory-Hard Functions Alwen, Jo\"el and Serbinenko, Vladimir. 2015
67
152.Ring Signature Confidential Transactions for Monero Shen Noether. 2015
66
153.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
65
154.Atomic cross-chain swaps Herlihy, Maurice. 2018
65
155.One-out-of-many proofs: Or how to leak a secret and spend a coin Groth, Jens and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2015
64
156.Scp: A computationally-scalable byzantine consensus protocol for blockchains Luu, Loi and Narayanan, Viswesh and Baweja, Kunal and Zheng, Chaodong and Gilbert, Seth and Saxena, Prateek. 2015
62
157.Verifiable Delay Functions Dan Boneh, Joseph Bonneau, Benedikt Bünz, Ben Fisch. 2018
61
158.When bitcoin mining pools run dry Laszka, Aron and Johnson, Benjamin and Grossklags, Jens. 2015
61
159.KEVM: A Complete Semantics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine Hildenbrandt, Everett and Saxena, Manasvi and Zhu, Xiaoran and Rodrigues, Nishant and Daian, Philip and Guth, Dwight and Rosu, Grigore. 2017
60
160.A concurrent perspective on smart contracts Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas. 2017
59
161.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits in the discrete log setting Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Chaidos, Pyrros and Groth, Jens and Petit, Christophe. 2016
57
162.Scilla: a Smart Contract Intermediate-Level LAnguage Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
57
163.On Trees, Chains and Fast Transactions in the Blockchain Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2016
56
164.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
55
165.Online detection of effectively callback free objects with applications to smart contracts Grossman, Shelly and Abraham, Ittai and Golan-Gueta, Guy and Michalevsky, Yan and Rinetzky, Noam and Sagiv, Mooly and Zohar, Yoni. 2017
55
166.SMART POOL : Practical Decentralized Pooled Mining Luu, Loi and Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Saxena, Prateek. 2017
54
167.Solidus: An Incentive-compatible Cryptocurrency Based on Permissionless Byzantine Consensus Abraham, Ittai and Malkhi, Dahlia and Nayak, Kartik and Ren, Ling and Spiegelman, Alexander. 2016
53
168.DFINITY Technology Overview Series, Consensus System Hanke, Timo and Movahedi, Mahnush and Williams, Dominic. 2018
53
169.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
52
170.A scalable verification solution for blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Reitwie\ssner, Christian. 2017
52
171.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
52
172.SCPKI: A smart contract-based PKI and identity system Al-Bassam, Mustafa. 2017
52
173.teether: Gnawing at ethereum to automatically exploit smart contracts Krupp, Johannes and Rossow, Christian. 2018
51
174.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
50
175.A protocol for interledger payments Thomas, Stefan and Schwartz, Evan. 2015
50
176.Pbft vs proof-of-authority: applying the cap theorem to permissioned blockchain De Angelis, Stefano and Aniello, Leonardo and Baldoni, Roberto and Lombardi, Federico and Margheri, Andrea and Sassone, Vladimiro. 2018
50
177.Accountable privacy for decentralized anonymous payments Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2016
49
178.On the Malleability of Bitcoin Transactions Marcin Andrychowicz and Stefan Dziembowski and Daniel Malinowski and Lukasz Mazurek. 2015
48
179.Sealed-Glass Proofs: Using Transparent Enclaves to Prove and Sell Knowledge. Tramer, Florian and Zhang, Fan and Lin, Huang and Hubaux, Jean-Pierre and Juels, Ari and Shi, Elaine. 2016
48
180.An Empirical Analysis of Anonymity in Zcash Kappos, George and Yousaf, Haaroon and Maller, Mary and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
47
181.Designing secure Ethereum smart contracts: A finite state machine based approach Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron. 2017
47
182.How did dread pirate roberts acquire and protect his bitcoin wealth? Ron, Dorit and Shamir, Adi. 2014
47
183.Madmax: Surviving out-of-gas conditions in ethereum smart contracts Grech, Neville and Kong, Michael and Jurisevic, Anton and Brent, Lexi and Scholz, Bernhard and Smaragdakis, Yannis. 2018
47
184.ContractFuzzer: fuzzing smart contracts for vulnerability detection Jiang, Bo and Liu, Ye and Chan, WK. 2018
46
185.Smart contracts: security patterns in the ethereum ecosystem and solidity Wohrer, Maximilian and Zdun, Uwe. 2018
46
186.Polkadot: Vision for a heterogeneous multi-chain framework Wood, Gavin. 2016
46
187.Publicly Verifiable Proofs of Sequential Work Mahmoody, Mohammad and Moran, Tal and Vadhan, Salil. 2013
45
188.EthIKS: Using Ethereum to audit a CONIKS key transparency log Bonneau, Joseph. 2016
45
189.Ouroboros Praos: An adaptively-secure, semi-synchronous proof-of-stake protocol Bernardo David and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2017
44
190.Bitcoin's security model revisited Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
44
191.Liar, liar, coins on fire!: Penalizing equivocation by loss of bitcoins Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket and Schr\"oder, Dominique. 2015
43
192.A multi-party protocol for constructing the public parameters of the Pinocchio zk-SNARK Bowe, Sean and Gabizon, Ariel and Green, Matthew D. 2018
43
193.Smartcheck: Static analysis of ethereum smart contracts Tikhomirov, Sergei and Voskresenskaya, Ekaterina and Ivanitskiy, Ivan and Takhaviev, Ramil and Marchenko, Evgeny and Alexandrov, Yaroslav. 2018
43
194.Snarky Signatures: Minimal Signatures of Knowledge from Simulation-Extractable SNARKs Jens Groth and Mary Maller. 2017
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195.Bitmessage: A Peer-to-Peer Message Authentication and Delivery System Warren, Jonathan. 2012
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196.Ouroboros Genesis: Composable Proof-of-Stake Blockchains with Dynamic Availability Christian Badertscher and Peter Ga\vzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2018
41
197.On The Longest Chain Rule and Programmed Self-Destruction of Crypto Currencies Courtois, Nicolas T. 2014
41
198.Privacy preserving payments in credit networks Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Pecina, Kim. 2015
41
199.Blockchain Access Privacy: Challenges and Directions Henry, Ryan and Herzberg, Amir and Kate, Aniket. 2018
41
200.Simplicity: A new language for blockchains O'Connor, Russell. 2017
41
201.Balloon Hashing: A Memory-Hard Function Providing Provable Protection Against Sequential Attacks Boneh, Dan and Corrigan-Gibbs, Henry and Schechter, Stuart. 2016
40
202.SpaceMint: A Cryptocurrency Based on Proofs of Space Sunoo Park and Albert Kwon and Georg Fuchsbauer and Peter Gaži and Joël Alwen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2015
40
203.Chain interoperability Buterin, Vitalik. 2016
40
204.Simple schnorr multi-signatures with applications to bitcoin Maxwell, Gregory and Poelstra, Andrew and Seurin, Yannick and Wuille, Pieter. 2018
40
205.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
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206.Fast secure two-party ECDSA signing Lindell, Yehuda. 2017
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207.Zero-Knowledge Contingent Payments Revisited: Attacks and Payments for Services Matteo Campanelli and Rosario Gennaro and Steven Goldfeder and Luca Nizzardo. 2017
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208.Taxonomy of blockchain technologies. Principles of identification and classification Tasca, Paolo and Tessone, Claudio J. 2017
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209.Vandal: A scalable security analysis framework for smart contracts Brent, Lexi and Jurisevic, Anton and Kong, Michael and Liu, Eric and Gauthier, Francois and Gramoli, Vincent and Holz, Ralph and Scholz, Bernhard. 2018
38
210.Towards bitcoin payment networks McCorry, Patrick and M\"oser, Malte and Shahandasti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
38
211.Non-interactive proofs of proof-of-work Aggelos Kiayias and Andrew Miller and Dionysis Zindros. 2017
37
212.Setting standards for altering and undoing smart contracts Marino, Bill and Juels, Ari. 2016
37
213.Low-Resource Eclipse Attacks on Ethereum’s Peer-to-Peer Network Marcus, Yuval and Heilman, Ethan and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
36
214.Cosmos: A network of distributed ledgers Kwon, Jae and Buchman, Ethan. 2016
36
215.Provisions: Privacy-preserving Proofs of Solvency for Bitcoin Exchanges Dagher, Gaby G and Bünz, Benedikt and Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Boneh, Dan. 2015
35
216.Subversion-zero-knowledge SNARKs Georg Fuchsbauer. 2017
35
217.Socially Optimal Mining Pools Ben A. Fisch and Rafael Pass and Abhi Shelat. 2017
34
218.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
34
219.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
34
220.Flare: An approach to routing in lightning network Prihodko, Pavel and Zhigulin, Slava and Sahno, Mykola and Ostrovskiy, Aleksei and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2016
34
221.A Subversion-Resistant SNARK Behzad Abdolmaleki and Karim Baghery and Helger Lipmaa and Michal Zajac. 2017
33
222.Compact Multi-Signatures for Smaller Blockchains Dan Boneh and Manu Drijvers and Gregory Neven. 2018
33
223.Instantaneous Decentralized Poker Iddo Bentov and Ranjit Kumaresan and Andrew Miller. 2017
32
224.Stake-Bleeding Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell. 2018
32
225.Doubly-efficient zkSNARKs without trusted setup Riad S. Wahby and Ioanna Tzialla and abhi shelat and Justin Thaler and Michael Walfish. 2017
32
226.0x: An open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain Warren, Will and Bandeali, Amir. 2017
32
227.Certified Bitcoins Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faonio, Antonio and Magri, Bernardo and de Medeiros, Breno. 2014
31
228.Listening to whispers of ripple: Linking wallets and deanonymizing transactions in the ripple network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Zafar, Muhammad Bilal and Kate, Aniket. 2016
31
229.Tesseract: Real-Time Cryptocurrency Exchange using Trusted Hardware. Bentov, Iddo and Ji, Yan and Zhang, Fan and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Daian, Philip and Juels, Ari. 2017
31
230.Scalable Multi-party Computation for zk-SNARK Parameters in the Random Beacon Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon and Ian Miers. 2017
30
231.Mechanising Blockchain Consensus P\^\irlea, George and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
30
232.Bulletproofs: Efficient range proofs for confidential transactions B\"unz, Benedikt and Bootle, Jonathan and Boneh, Dan and Poelstra, Andrew and Wuille, Pieter and Maxwell, Greg. 2017
30
233.Strong federations: An interoperable blockchain solution to centralized third-party risks Dilley, Johnny and Poelstra, Andrew and Wilkins, Jonathan and Piekarska, Marta and Gorlick, Ben and Friedenbach, Mark. 2016
30
234.Simple verifiable delay functions Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. 2019
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235.Securing Bitcoin wallets via a new DSA/ECDSA threshold signature scheme Goldfeder, Steven and Gennaro, Rosario and Kalodner, Harry and Bonneau, Joseph and Kroll, Joshua A and Felten, Edward W and Narayanan, Arvind. 2015
30
236.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
29
237.FairSwap: How to fairly exchange digital goods Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian. 2018
29
238.Short paper: Service-oriented sharding for blockchains Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2017
29
239.Aurora: Transparent Succinct Arguments for R1CS Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Riabzev, Michael and Spooner, Nicholas and Virza, Madars and Ward, Nicholas P. 2018
28
240.Empirical Vulnerability Analysis of Automated Smart Contracts Security Testing on Blockchains Parizi, Reza M and Dehghantanha, Ali and Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond and Singh, Amritraj. 2018
28
241.Erays: Reverse engineering ethereum’s opaque smart contracts Zhou, Yi and Kumar, Deepak and Bakshi, Surya and Mason, Joshua and Miller, Andrew and Bailey, Michael. 2018
28
242.Modeling bitcoin contracts by timed automata Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2014
28
243.Smart contracts make bitcoin mining pools vulnerable Velner, Yaron and Teutsch, Jason and Luu, Loi. 2017
28
244.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
27
245.Zero-Collateral Lotteries in Bitcoin and Ethereum Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo. 2016
27
246.Rethinking Large-Scale Consensus Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. 2018
27
247.Arbitrum: scalable, private smart contracts Kalodner, Harry and Goldfeder, Steven and Chen, Xiaoqi and Weinberg, S Matthew and Felten, Edward W. 2018
27
248.Efficient verifiable delay functions Wesolowski, Benjamin. 2019
27
249.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
26
250.Hostile blockchain takeovers (short paper) Joseph Bonneau. 2018
26
251.Channels: Horizontal scaling and confidentiality on permissioned blockchains Androulaki, Elli and Cachin, Christian and De Caro, Angelo and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios. 2018
26
252.Decentralized anonymous micropayments Chiesa, Alessandro and Green, Matthew and Liu, Jingcheng and Miao, Peihan and Miers, Ian and Mishra, Pratyush. 2017
26
253.Anonymous alone? measuring Bitcoin’s second-generation anonymization techniques M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2017
26
254.Formal verification of smart contracts based on users and blockchain behaviors models Abdellatif, Tesnim and Brousmiche, Kei-L\'eo. 2018
26
255.Simple Proofs of Sequential Work Bram Cohen and Krzysztof Pietrzak. 2018
25
256.The Gap Game Tsabary, Itay and Eyal, Ittay. 2018
25
257.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
25
258.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
25
259.Quasi-linear size zero knowledge from linear-algebraic PCPs Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Gabizon, Ariel and Virza, Madars. 2016
25
260.Astraea: A decentralized blockchain oracle Adler, John and Berryhill, Ryan and Veneris, Andreas and Poulos, Zissis and Veira, Neil and Kastania, Anastasia. 2018
25
261.Obsidian: a safer blockchain programming language Coblenz, Michael. 2017
24
262.M{\"o}bius: Trustless Tumbling for Transaction Privacy Sarah Meiklejohn and Rebekah Mercer. 2017
24
263.zkLedger: Privacy-Preserving Auditing for Distributed Ledgers Neha Narula and Willy Vasquez and Madars Virza. 2018
24
264.ZombieCoin: powering next-generation botnets with bitcoin Ali, Syed Taha and McCorry, Patrick and Lee, Peter Hyun-Jeen and Hao, Feng. 2015
23
265.Distributed Cryptography Based on the Proofs of Work. Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan. 2014
23
266.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019
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267.Increasing anonymity in bitcoin Saxena, Amitabh and Misra, Janardan and Dhar, Aritra. 2014
23
268.A user-centric system for verified identities on the bitcoin blockchain Augot, Daniel and Chabanne, Herv\'e and Chenevier, Thomas and George, William and Lambert, Laurent. 2017
23
269.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
22
270.IKP: Turning a PKI Around with Blockchains Stephanos Matsumoto and Raphael M. Reischuk. 2016
22
271.SPECTRE: Serialization of Proof-of-work Events: Confirming Transactions via Recursive Elections Sompolinsky, Yonatan and Lewenberg, Yoad and Zohar, Aviv. 2016
22
272.Cuckoo Cycle: a memory bound graph-theoretic proof-of-work Tromp, John. 2015
22
273.A formal verification tool for Ethereum VM Bytecode Park, Daejun and Zhang, Yi and Saxena, Manasvi and Daian, Philip and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2018
22
274.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
21
275.Proofs-of-delay and randomness beacons in ethereum B\"unz, Benedikt and Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph. 2017
21
276.Secure two-party threshold ECDSA from ECDSA assumptions Doerner, Jack and Kondi, Yashvanth and Lee, Eysa and Shelat, Abhi. 2018
21
277.Smashing ethereum smart contracts for fun and real profit Mueller, Bernhard. 2018
21
278.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
20
279.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
20
280.TwinsCoin: A Cryptocurrency via Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake Chepurnoy, Alexander and Duong, Tuyet and Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2017
20
281.A Survey of Two Verifiable Delay Functions. Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Ben. 2018
20
282.Fast secure multiparty ecdsa with practical distributed key generation and applications to cryptocurrency custody Lindell, Yehuda and Nof, Ariel. 2018
20
283.Ethereum smart contracts: Security vulnerabilities and security tools Dika, Ardit. 2017
20
284.Darkcoin : Peer ­ to ­ Peer Crypto ­ Currency with Anonymous Blockchain Transactions and an Improved Proof ­ of ­ Work System Duffield, Evan and Hagan, Kyle. 2014
19
285.Proofs of Proofs of Work with Sublinear Complexity Kiayias, Aggelos and Lamprou, Nikolaos and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2016
19
286.A Better Method to Analyze Blockchain Consistency Kiffer, Lucianna and Rajaraman, Rajmohan and others. 2018
19
287.Sonic: Zero-Knowledge SNARKs from Linear-Size Universal and Updateable Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary and Bowe, Sean and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2019
19
288.Constant-deposit multiparty lotteries on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2017
19
289.EthIR: A Framework for High-Level Analysis of Ethereum Bytecode Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Livshits, Benjamin and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
18
290.Mind your credit: Assessing the health of the ripple credit network Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Modi, Navin and Songhela, Raghuvir and Kate, Aniket and Fahmy, Sonia. 2017
18
291.ALGORAND AGREEMENT: Super Fast and Partition Resilient Byzantine Agreement. Chen, Jing and Gorbunov, Sergey and Micali, Silvio and Vlachos, Georgios. 2018
18
292.Raziel: private and verifiable smart contracts on blockchains S\'anchez, David Cerezo. 2018
18
293.Sub-linear lattice-based zero-knowledge arguments for arithmetic circuits Baum, Carsten and Bootle, Jonathan and Cerulli, Andrea and Del Pino, Rafa\"el and Groth, Jens and Lyubashevsky, Vadim. 2018
18
294.Why buy when you can rent? bribery attacks on bitcoin consensus Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward W and Goldfeder, Steven and Kroll, Joshua A and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
18
295.Calypso: Auditable sharing of private data over blockchains Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Alp, Enis Ceyhun and Siby, Sandra Deepthy and Gailly, Nicolas and Gasser, Linus and Jovanovic, Philipp and Syta, Ewa and Ford, Bryan. 2018
18
296.Porosity: A decompiler for blockchain-based smart contracts bytecode Suiche, Matt. 2017
18
297.Strain: A Secure Auction for Blockchains Erik-Oliver Blass and Florian Kerschbaum. 2017
17
298.Updatable and Universal Common Reference Strings with Applications to zk-SNARKs Jens Groth and Markulf Kohlweiss and Mary Maller and Sarah Meiklejohn and Ian Miers. 2018
17
299.Revisiting Difficulty Control for Blockchain Systems Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Jansen, Marc. 2017
17
300.Improving Authenticated Dynamic Dictionaries, with Applications to Cryptocurrencies Reyzin, Leonid and Meshkov, Dmitry and Chepurnoy, Alexander and Ivanov, Sasha. 2016
17
301.Agreement with Satoshi – On the Formalization of Nakamoto Consensus Nicholas Stifter and Aljosha Judmayer and Philipp Schindler and Alexei Zamyatin and Edgar Weippl. 2018
17
302.Deconstructing the Blockchain to Approach Physical Limits Bagaria, Vivek and Kannan, Sreeram and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
17
303.Analysis of Nakamoto Consensus Ling Ren. 2019
17
304.Network layer aspects of permissionless blockchains Neudecker, Till and Hartenstein, Hannes. 2018
17
305.C$\emptyset$C$\emptyset$: A Framework for Building Composable Zero-Knowledge Proofs Ahmed Kosba and Zhichao Zhao and Andrew Miller and Yi Qian and Hubert Chan and Charalampos Papamanthou and Rafael Pass and abhi shelat and Elaine Shi. 2015
16
306.Atomically Trading with Roger: Gambling on the success of a hardfork Patrick McCorry and Ethan Heilman and Andrew Miller. 2017
16
307.Formal verification of Deed contract in Ethereum name service Hirai, Yoichi. 2016
16
308.Rational zero: Economic security for zerocoin with everlasting anonymity Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Rubin, Aviel D. 2014
16
309.Lay down the common metrics: Evaluating proof-of-work consensus protocols’ security Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2019
16
310.Ekiden: A Platform for Confidentiality-Preserving, Trustworthy, and Performant Smart Contracts Cheng, Raymond and Zhang, Fan and Kos, Jernej and He, Warren and Hynes, Nicholas and Johnson, Noah and Juels, Ari and Miller, Andrew and Song, Dawn. 2019
16
311.Fast multiparty threshold ecdsa with fast trustless setup Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven. 2018
16
312.Enter the Hydra: Towards Principled Bug Bounties and Exploit-Resistant Smart Contracts Breidenbach, Lorenz and Cornell Tech, IC and Daian, Philip and Tramer, Florian and Juels, Ari. 2018
15
313.Bootstrapping the Blockchain, with Applications to Consensus and Fast PKI Setup Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Leonardos, Nikos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2018
15
314.Service-Oriented Sharding with Aspen Gencer, Adem Efe and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
15
315.Coconut: Threshold Issuance Selective Disclosure Credentials with Applications to Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Bano, Shehar and Danezis, George. 2018
15
316.Batching Techniques for Accumulators with Applications to IOPs and Stateless Blockchains Boneh, Dan and B\"unz, Benedikt and Fisch, Benjamin. 2018
15
317.Flash Boys 2.0: Frontrunning, Transaction Reordering, and Consensus Instability in Decentralized Exchanges Daian, Philip and Goldfeder, Steven and Kell, Tyler and Li, Yunqi and Zhao, Xueyuan and Bentov, Iddo and Breidenbach, Lorenz and Juels, Ari. 2019
15
318.Sok: A consensus taxonomy in the blockchain era Garay, Juan and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2018
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319.Interledger: Creating a standard for payments Hope-Bailie, Adrian and Thomas, Stefan. 2016
15
320.Filecoin: A decentralized storage network Benet, J and Greco, N. 2018
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321.Osiris: Hunting for integer bugs in ethereum smart contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Sch\"utte, Julian and others. 2018
15
322.Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Composite Statements Shashank Agrawal and Chaya Ganesh and Payman Mohassel. 2018
14
323.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
14
324.How to Use SNARKs in Universally Composable Protocols. Kosba, Ahmed E and Zhao, Zhichao and Miller, Andrew and Qian, Yi and Chan, T-H Hubert and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Pass, Rafael and Shelat, Abhi and Shi, Elaine. 2015
14
325.Formal Barriers to Longest-Chain Proof-of-Stake Protocols Brown-Cohen, Jonah and Narayanan, Arvind and Psomas, Christos-Alexandros and Weinberg, S Matthew. 2018
14
326.Reward Sharing Schemes for Stake Pools Br\"unjes, Lars and Kiayias, Aggelos and Koutsoupias, Elias and Stouka, Aikaterini-Panagiota. 2018
14
327.Tezos -- a self-amending crypto-ledger Goodman, L.M.. 2014
14
328.Towards safer smart contracts: A survey of languages and verification methods Harz, Dominik and Knottenbelt, William. 2018
14
329.Towards scaling blockchain systems via sharding Dang, Hung and Dinh, Tien Tuan Anh and Loghin, Dumitrel and Chang, Ee-Chien and Lin, Qian and Ooi, Beng Chin. 2019
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330.Blockchain-Free Cryptocurrencies: A Framework for Truly Decentralised Fast Transactions Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2016
13
331.PoReps: Proofs of Space on Useful Data Ben Fisch. 2018
13
332.Zether: Towards Privacy in a Smart Contract World. B\"unz, Benedikt and Agrawal, Shashank and Zamani, Mahdi and Boneh, Dan. 2019
13
333.Confidential assets Poelstra, Andrew and Back, Adam and Friedenbach, Mark and Maxwell, Gregory and Wuille, Pieter. 2018
13
334.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
12
335.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
12
336.The Aztec Protocol Zachary J., Williamson. 2018
12
337.Exploiting the laws of order in smart contracts Kolluri, Aashish and Nikolic, Ivica and Sergey, Ilya and Hobor, Aquinas and Saxena, Prateek. 2019
12
338.eltoo: A simple layer2 protocol for bitcoin Decker, Christian and Russell, Rusty and Osuntokun, Olaoluwa. 2018
12
339.Making Groth's zk-SNARK Simulation Extractable in the Random Oracle Model Sean Bowe and Ariel Gabizon. 2018
11
340.Chimeric Ledgers: Translating and Unifying UTXO-based and Account-based Cryptocurrencies Joachim Zahnentferner. 2018
11
341.Making bitcoin exchanges transparent Decker, Christian and Guthrie, James and Seidel, Jochen and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
11
342.Zexe: Enabling decentralized private computation Bowe, S and Chiesa, A and Green, M and Miers, I and Mishra, P and Wu, H. 2018
11
343.Anonymous Multi-Hop Locks for Blockchain Scalability and Interoperability Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2019
11
344.ZoKrates - Scalable Privacy-Preserving Off-Chain Computations Jacob Eberhardt and Stefan Tai. 2018
11
345.The Bitcoin brain drain: a short paper on the use and abuse of bitcoin brain wallets Vasek, Marie and Bonneau, Joseph and Castellucci, Ryan and Keith, Cameron and Moore, Tyler. 2016
11
346.Proof-of-Stake Sidechains. Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
11
347.Drivechains, sidechains and hybrid 2-way peg designs Lerner, Sergio Damian. 2016
11
348.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
10
349.Blockmania: from Block DAGs to Consensus Danezis, George and Hrycyszyn, David. 2018
10
350.Model-Checking of Smart Contracts Nehai, Zeinab and Piriou, Pierre-Yves and Daumas, Frederic. 2018
10
351.The Thunder Protocol Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
10
352.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
10
353.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
10
354.Counterfactual: Generalized state channels Coleman, Jeff and Horne, Liam and Xuanji, Li. 2018
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355.Redactable blockchain in the permissionless setting Deuber, Dominic and Magri, Bernardo and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan. 2019
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356.Casper the friendly ghost: A correct by construction blockchain consensus protocol Zamfir, Vlad. 2017
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357.Alt chains and atomic transfers Tier Nolan. 2013
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358.Smt-based verification of solidity smart contracts Alt, Leonardo and Reitwiessner, Christian. 2018
10
359.Correctness and fairness of tendermint-core blockchains Amoussou-Guenou, Yackolley and Del Pozzo, Antonella and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2018
10
360.Ethereum Query Language Bragagnolo, Santiago and Rocha, Henrique and Denker, Marcus and Ducasse, St\'ephane. 2018
9
361.Proofs of Work for Blockchain Protocols Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2017
9
362.Obscuro: A Bitcoin Mixer using Trusted Execution Environments Muoi Tran and Loi Luu and Min Suk Kang and Iddo Bentov and Prateek Saxena. 2017
9
363.SilentWhispers: Enforcing security and privacy in credit networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo. 2017
9
364.Proof-of-Work Sidechains Kiayias, Aggelos and Zindros, Dionysis. 2018
9
365.Ouroboros-BFT: A Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerant Consensus Protocol Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
9
366.A Proof-of-Stake protocol for consensus on Bitcoin subchains Bartoletti, Massimo and Lande, Stefano and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2017
9
367.Sereum: Protecting Existing Smart Contracts Against Re-Entrancy Attacks Rodler, Michael and Li, Wenting and Karame, Ghassan O and Davi, Lucas. 2018
9
368.Smart contracts and opportunities for formal methods Miller, Andrew and Cai, Zhicheng and Jha, Somesh. 2018
9
369.A Note on the Unsoundness of vnTinyRAM's SNARK. Parno, Bryan. 2015
9
370.(Short Paper) PieceWork: Generalized Outsourcing Control for Proofs of Work Philip Daian and Ittay Eyal and Ari Juels and Emin G\"un Sirer. 2017
8
371.Automated Verification of Electrum Wallet Mathieu Turuani and Thomas Voegtlin and Micha\"el Rusinowitch. 2016
8
372.Kaleidoscope: An Efficient Poker Protocol with Payment Distribution and Penalty Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2017
8
373.Blockclique: scaling blockchains through transaction sharding in a multithreaded block graph Forestier, S\'ebastien. 2018
8
374.An Empirical Analysis of Linkability in the Monero Blockchain Andrew Miller and Malte M\"oser and Kevin Lee and Arvind Narayanan. 2017
8
375.Z-Channel: Scalable and Efficient Scheme in Zerocash Yuncong Zhang and Yu Long and Zhen Liu and Zhiqiang Liu and Dawu Gu. 2017
8
376.Fraud Proofs: Maximising Light Client Security and Scaling Blockchains with Dishonest Majorities Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Sonnino, Alberto and Buterin, Vitalik. 2018
8
377.Betting on Blockchain Consensus with Fantomette Azouvi, Sarah and McCorry, Patrick and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
8
378.GASTAP: A Gas Analyzer for Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2018
8
379.Lattice-Based zk-SNARKs from Square Span Programs Gennaro, Rosario and Minelli, Michele and Nitulescu, Anca and Orr\`u, Michele. 2018
8
380.Parallel Chains: Improving Throughput and Latency of Blockchain Protocols via Parallel Composition Fitzi, Matthias and Gazi, Peter and Kiayias, Aggelos and Russell, Alexander. 2018
8
381.Polyshard: Coded sharding achieves linearly scaling efficiency and security simultaneously Li, Songze and Yu, Mingchao and Avestimehr, Salman and Kannan, Sreeram and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
8
382.Anonymous Post-Quantum Cryptocash. Zhang, Huang and Zhang, Fangguo and Tian, Haibo and Au, Man Ho. 2017
8
383.Brick: Asynchronous State Channels Avarikioti, Georgia and Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
8
384.Hidden in Plain Sight: Storing and Managing Secrets on a Public Ledger. Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Alp, Enis Ceyhun and Siby, Sandra Deepthy and Gailly, Nicolas and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2018
8
385.Communication complexity of byzantine agreement, revisited Abraham, Ittai and Chan, TH and Dolev, Danny and Nayak, Kartik and Pass, Rafael and Ren, Ling and Shi, Elaine. 2018
8
386.Rootstock: Bitcoin powered smart contracts Lerner, S Demian. 2015
8
387.State Machine Replication in the Libra Blockchain Baudet, Mathieu and Ching, Avery and Chursin, Andrey and Danezis, George and Garillot, Fran\ccois and Li, Zekun and Malkhi, Dahlia and Naor, Oded and Perelman, Dmitri and Sonnino, Alberto. 2019
8
388.xJsnark: a framework for efficient verifiable computation Kosba, Ahmed and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Shi, Elaine. 2018
8
389.Swap, Swear, and Swindle: Incentive System for Swarm Tr\'on, Viktor and Fischer, Aron and Nagy, D\'aniel A and Felf\"oldi, Zsolt and Johnson, Nick. 2016
8
390.Analyzing Ethereum's Contract Topology Kiffer, Lucianna and Levin, Dave and Mislove, Alan. 2018
8
391.Formal Specification and Verification of Smart Contracts for Azure Blockchain Lahiri, Shuvendu K and Chen, Shuo and Wang, Yuepeng and Dillig, Isil. 2018
8
392.Routing cryptocurrency with the spider network Sivaraman, Vibhaalakshmi and Venkatakrishnan, Shaileshh Bojja and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2018
8
393.Proofs of Work from Worst-Case Assumptions Marshall Ball and Alon Rosen and Manuel Sabin and Prashant Nalini Vasudevan. 2018
7
394.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
7
395.Rational proofs of space-time Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2017
7
396.Quisquis: A New Design for Anonymous Cryptocurrencies Fauzi, Prastudy and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Mercer, Rebekah and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018
7
397.VeriSolid: Correct-by-Design Smart Contracts for Ethereum Mavridou, Anastasia and Laszka, Aron and Stachtiari, Emmanouela and Dubey, Abhishek. 2019
7
398.Compounding of Wealth in Proof-of-Stake Cryptocurrencies Fanti, Giulia and Kogan, Leonid and Oh, Sewoong and Ruan, Kathleen and Viswanath, Pramod and Wang, Gerui. 2018
7
399.On the security of the BCTV Pinocchio zk-SNARK variant Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
7
400.Tight proofs of space and replication Fisch, Ben. 2018
7
401.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
402.A Scalable Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Zhou, Hong-Sheng and Katz, Jonathan. 2018
7
403.Managing Secrets with Consensus Networks: Fairness, Ransomware and Access Control. Kaptchuk, Gabriel and Miers, Ian and Green, Matthew. 2017
7
404.Incentives in Ethereum's Hybrid Casper Protocol Buterin, Vitalik and Reijsbergen, Daniel and Leonardos, Stefanos and Piliouras, Georgios. 2019
7
405.Using level-1 homomorphic encryption to improve threshold dsa signatures for bitcoin wallet security Boneh, Dan and Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven. 2017
7
406.Cross-chain Deals and Adversarial Commerce Herlihy, Maurice and Liskov, Barbara and Shrira, Liuba. 2019
7
407.A survey of tools for analyzing ethereum smart contracts Di Angelo, Monika and Salzer, Gernot. 2019
7
408.Monitoring smart contracts: Contractlarva and open challenges beyond Azzopardi, Shaun and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
7
409.The Transaction Graph for Modeling Blockchain Semantics Christian Cachin and Angelo De Caro and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Bj\"orn Tackmann and Marko Vukoli\'c. 2017
6
410.A Systematic Approach To Cryptocurrency Fees Alexander Chepurnoy and Vasily Kharin and Dmitry Meshkov. 2018
6
411.Public Accountability vs. Secret Laws: Can They Coexist?: A Cryptographic Proposal Goldwasser, Shafi and Park, Sunoo. 2017
6
412.DIZK: A Distributed Zero-Knowledge Proof System Wu, Howard and Zheng, Wenting and Chiesa, Alessandro and Popa, Raluca Ada and Stoica, Ion. 2018
6
413.Forkable Strings are Rare. Russell, Alexander and Moore, Cristopher and Kiayias, Aggelos and Quader, Saad. 2017
6
414.Temporal Properties of Smart Contracts Sergey, Ilya and Kumar, Amrit and Hobor, Aquinas. 2018
6
415.Contracts over Smart Contracts: Recovering from Violations Dynamically Colombo, Christian and Ellul, Joshua and Pace, Gordon J. 2018
6
416.Loopring: A decentralized token exchange protocol Wang, Daniel and Zhou, Jay and Wang, Alex and Finestone, Matthew. 2018
6
417.PaLa: A Simple Partially Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
6
418.Algorand: A Secure and Efficient Distributed Ledger Chen, Jing and Micali, Silvio. 2019
6
419.Biased Nonce Sense: Lattice Attacks against Weak ECDSA Signatures in Cryptocurrencies Breitner, Joachim and Heninger, Nadia. 2019
6
420.TxProbe: Discovering Bitcoin's Network Topology Using Orphan Transactions Delgado-Segura, Sergi and Bakshi, Surya and P\'erez-Sol\`a, Cristina and Litton, James and Pachulski, Andrew and Miller, Andrew and Bhattacharjee, Bobby. 2018
6
421.Interledger Approaches Siris, Vasilios A and Nikander, Pekka and Voulgaris, Spyros and Fotiou, Nikos and Lagutin, Dmitrij and Polyzos, George C. 2019
6
422.COMIT-Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction Network Hosp, Dr and Hoenisch, Toby and Kittiwongsunthorn, Paul and others. 2018
6
423.Avoiding deadlocks in payment channel networks Werman, Shira and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
6
424.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
5
425.ROYALE: A Framework for Universally Composable Card Games with Financial Rewards and Penalties Enforcement Bernardo David and Rafael Dowsley and Mario Larangeira. 2018
5
426.Executable Operational Semantics of Solidity Jiao, Jiao and Kan, Shuanglong and Lin, Shang-Wei and Sanan, David and Liu, Yang and Sun, Jun. 2018
5
427.Decentralized Blacklistable Anonymous Credentials with Reputation Yang, Rupeng and Au, Man Ho and Xu, Qiuliang and Yu, Zuoxia. 2017
5
428.A Treasury System for Cryptocurrencies: Enabling Better Collaborative Intelligence Bingsheng Zhang and Roman Oliynykov and Hamed Balogun. 2018
5
429.Paralysis Proofs: Safe Access-Structure Updates for Cryptocurrencies and More Fan Zhang and Philip Daian and Iddo Bentov and Ari Juels. 2018
5
430.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
5
431.Pathshuffle: Mixing credit paths for anonymous transactions in ripple Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket. 2017
5
432.Xclaim: Interoperability with cryptocurrency-backed tokens Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2018
5
433.Ouroboros Crypsinous: Privacy-Preserving Proof-of-Stake Kerber, Thomas and Kohlweiss, Markulf and Kiayias, Aggelos and Zikas, Vassilis. 2018
5
434.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
5
435.Precise Attack Synthesis for Smart Contracts Feng, Yu and Torlak, Emina and Bodik, Rastislav. 2019
5
436.OHIE: Blockchain Scaling Made Simple Yu, Haifeng and Nikolic, Ivica and Hou, Ruomu and Saxena, Prateek. 2018
5
437.FastKitten: Practical Smart Contracts on Bitcoin Das, Poulami and Eckey, Lisa and Frassetto, Tommaso and Gens, David and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina and Jauernig, Patrick and Faust, Sebastian and Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza. 2019
5
438.Traceable Monero: Anonymous Cryptocurrency with Enhanced Accountability Li, Yannan and Yang, Guomin and Susilo, Willy and Yu, Yong and Au, Man Ho and Liu, Dongxi. 2019
5
439.Libra: Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Optimal Prover Computation Xie, Tiacheng and Zhang, Jiaheng and Zhang, Yupeng and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Song, Dawn. 2019
5
440.How perfect offline wallets can still leak bitcoin private keys Verb\"ucheln, Stephan. 2015
5
441.Synchronous, with a Chance of Partition Tolerance. Guo, Yue and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
5
442.Drivechain-the simple two way peg, November 2015 Sztorc, Paul. 2015
5
443.SoK: Tools for Game Theoretic Models of Security for Cryptocurrencies Azouvi, Sarah and Hicks, Alexander. 2019
5
444.Off-chaining models and approaches to off-chain computations Eberhardt, Jacob and Heiss, Jonathan. 2018
5
445.Atomic commitment across blockchains Zakhary, Victor and Agrawal, Divyakant and Abbadi, Amr El. 2019
5
446.Slither: a static analysis framework for smart contracts Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Groce, Alex. 2019
5
447.Split payments in payment networks Piatkivskyi, Dmytro and Nowostawski, Mariusz. 2018
5
448.An empirical analysis of monero cross-chain traceability Hinteregger, Abraham and Haslhofer, Bernhard. 2018
5
449.Graphchain: a Blockchain-Free Scalable Decentralised Ledger Boyen, Xavier and Carr, Christopher and Haines, Thomas. 2018
4
450.Time-Memory Tradeoff Attacks on the MTP Proof-of-Work Scheme Itai Dinur and Niv Nadler. 2017
4
451.BeatCoin: Leaking Private Keys from Air-Gapped Cryptocurrency Wallets Guri, Mordechai. 2018
4
452.R3C3: Cryptographically secure Censorship Resistant Rendezvous using Cryptocurrencies Mohsen Minaei and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aniket Kate. 2018
4
453.Developing a K-ary malware using Blockchain Moubarak, Joanna and Filiol, Eric and Chamoun, Maroun. 2018
4
454.A Nonoutsourceable Puzzle under GHOST Rule Zeng, Gongxian and Yiu, Siu Ming and Zhang, Jun and Kuzuno, Hiroki and Au, Man Ho. 2017
4
455.Switch Commitments: A Safety Switch for Confidential Transactions Ruffing, Tim and Malavolta, Giulio. 2017
4
456.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
4
457.MARVELlous: a STARK-Friendly Family of Cryptographic Primitives Tomer Ashur and Siemen Dhooghe. 2018
4
458.Proof-of-Stake Protocols for Privacy-Aware Blockchains Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio and Tschudi, Daniel. 2018
4
459.Echoes of the Past: Recovering Blockchain Metrics From Merged Mining Stifter, Nicholas and Schindler, Philipp and Judmayer, Aljosha and Zamyatin, Alexei and Kern, Andreas and Weippl, Edgar. 2018
4
460.Replay Attacks and Defenses against Cross-shard Consensus in Sharded Distributed Ledgers Sonnino, Alberto and Bano, Shehar and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Danezis, George. 2019
4
461.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
4
462.Proof-of-Prestige: A Useful Work Reward System for Unverifiable Tasks Kr\'ol, Micha\l and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Tasiopoulos, Argyrios and Psaras, Ioannis. 2019
4
463.StrongChain: Transparent and Collaborative Proof-of-Work Consensus Szalachowski, Pawel and Reijsbergen, Dani\"el and Homoliak, Ivan and Sun, Siwei. 2019
4
464.Vault: Fast Bootstrapping for the Algorand Cryptocurrency. Leung, Derek and Suhl, Adam and Gilad, Yossi and Zeldovich, Nickolai. 2019
4
465.Scalable Zero Knowledge with No Trusted Setup Ben-Sasson, Eli and Bentov, Iddo and Horesh, Yinon and Riabzev, Michael. 2019
4
466.Beigepaper: An Ethereum Technical Specification Dameron, Micah. 2017
4
467.NOCUST--A Securely Scalable Commit-Chain Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur and Felley, Guillaume. 2019
4
468.Cryptanalysis of Curl-P and Other Attacks on the IOTA Cryptocurrency. Heilman, Ethan and Narula, Neha and Tanzer, Garrett and Lovejoy, James and Colavita, Michael and Virza, Madars and Dryja, Tadge. 2019
4
469.On decentralized oracles for data availability Teutsch, Jason. 2017
4
470.Incentives in casper the friendly finality gadget Buterin, Vitalik. 2017
4
471.Coda: Decentralized cryptocurrency at scale Meckler, Izaak and Shapiro, Evan. 2018
4
472.Incremental proofs of sequential work D\"ottling, Nico and Lai, Russell WF and Malavolta, Giulio. 2019
4
473.Proof-of-Prestige: A Useful Work Reward System for Unverifiable Tasks Kr\'ol, Micha\l and Sonnino, Alberto and Al-Bassam, Mustafa and Tasiopoulos, Argyrios G and Psaras, Ioannis. 2019
4
474.Spartan: Efficient and general-purpose zkSNARKs without trusted setup Setty, Srinath. 2019
4
475.Smartanvil: Open-source tool suite for smart contract analysis Ducasse, St\'ephane and Rocha, Henrique and Bragagnolo, Santiago and Denker, Marcus and Francomme, Cl\'ement. 2019
4
476.EtherTrust: Sound static analysis of ethereum bytecode Grishchenko, Ilya and Maffei, Matteo and Schneidewind, Clara. 2018
4
477.Monero - Privacy in the Blockchain Kurt M. Alonso and Jordi Herrera Joancomartí. 2018
3
478.Database Perspectives on Blockchains Cohen, Sara and Zohar, Aviv. 2018
3
479.21-bringing down the complexity: fast composable protocols for card games without secret state David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
3
480.Why You Can't Beat Blockchains: Consistency and High Availability in Distributed Systems Girault, Alain and G\"ossler, Gregor and Guerraoui, Rachid and Hamza, Jad and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian. 2017
3
481.A Practical De-mixing Algorithm for Bitcoin Mixing Services Hong, Younggee and Kwon, Hyunsoo and Lee, Jihwan and Hur, Junbeom. 2018
3
482.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
3
483.Burning Zerocoins for Fun and for Profit: A Cryptographic Denial-of-Spending Attack on the Zerocoin Protocol Tim Ruffing and Sri Aravinda Thyagarajan and Viktoria Ronge and Dominique Schröder. 2018
3
484.PHANTOM: A Scalable BlockDAG Protocol Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. 2018
3
485.Flux: Revisting Near Blocks for Proof-of-Work Blockchains Alexei Zamyatin and Nicholas Stifter and Philipp Schindler and Edgar Weippl and William J. Knottenbelt. 2018
3
486.Pies: Public incompressible encodings for decentralized storage Cecchetti, Ethan and Miers, Ian and Juels, Ari. 2018
3
487.Mimblewimble Poelstra, Andrew. 2016
3
488.Retrofitting a two-way peg between blockchains Teutsch, Jason and Straka, Michael and Boneh, Dan. 2018
3
489.Aggregate Cash Systems: A Cryptographic Investigation of Mimblewimble Fuchsbauer, Georg and Orr\`u, Michele and Seurin, Yannick. 2018
3
490.The Art of The Scam: Demystifying Honeypots in Ethereum Smart Contracts Torres, Christof Ferreira and Steichen, Mathis. 2019
3
491.Consensus through Herding Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2019
3
492.SoK: Transparent Dishonesty: front-running attacks on Blockchain Eskandari, Shayan and Moosavi, Seyedehmahsa and Clark, Jeremy. 2019
3
493.LegoSNARK: Modular Design and Composition of Succinct Zero-Knowledge Proofs Campanelli, Matteo and Fiore, Dario and Querol, Ana\"\is. 2019
3
494.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
3
495.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
3
496.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
3
497.Pay-To-Win: Incentive Attacks on Proof-of-Work Cryptocurrencies Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Alexei Zamyatin and Itay Tsabary and Ittay Eyal and Peter Gazi and Sarah Meiklejohn and Edgar Weippl. 2019
3
498.Ostraka: Secure Blockchain Scaling by Node Sharding Alex Manuskin and Michael Mirkin and Ittay Eyal. 2019
3
499.Self-reproducing coins as universal turing machine Chepurnoy, Alexander and Kharin, Vasily and Meshkov, Dmitry. 2018
3
500.Multi-party virtual state channels Dziembowski, Stefan and Eckey, Lisa and Faust, Sebastian and Hesse, Julia and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina. 2019
3
501.CHURP: Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing. Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
3
502.Threshold ECDSA from ECDSA Assumptions: The Multiparty Case Doerner, Jack and Kondi, Yashvanth and Lee, Eysa and Shelat, Abhi. 2019
3
503.Celer network: Bring internet scale to every blockchain Dong, Mo and Liang, Qingkai and Li, Xiaozhou and Liu, Junda. 2018
3
504.Marlowe: Financial contracts on blockchain Seijas, Pablo Lamela and Thompson, Simon. 2018
3
505.Why Preventing a Cryptocurrency Exchange Heist Isn't Good Enough Patrick McCorry and Malte M\"oser and Syed Taha Ali. 2018
2
506.Sharding PoW-based Blockchains via Proofs of Knowledge Frederik Armknecht and Jens-Matthias Bohli and Ghassan O. Karame and Wenting Li. 2017
2
507.On Space-Scarce Economy In Blockchain Systems Alexander Chepurnoy and Dmitry Meshkov. 2017
2
508.Efficient Algorithms for Broadcast and Consensus Based on Proofs of Work Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss. 2017
2
509.Load Thresholds for Cuckoo Hashing with Overlapping Blocks Walzer, S.. 2017
2
510.Privacy Preserving Verifiable Key Directories. Chase, Melissa and Deshpande, Apoorvaa and Ghosh, Esha. 2018
2
511.Towards a Smart Contract-based, Decentralized, Public-Key Infrastructure Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Roussopoulos, Mema and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2017
2
512.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
2
513.PiLi: An Extremely Simple Synchronous Blockchain Chan, TH Hubert and Pass, Rafael and Shi, Elaine. 2018
2
514.EDRAX: A Cryptocurrency with Stateless Transaction Validation Chepurnoy, Alexander and Papamanthou, Charalampos and Zhang, Yupeng. 2018
2
515.The Proof is in the Pudding: Proofs of Work for Solving Discrete Logarithms Marcella Hastings and Nadia Heninger and Eric Wustrow. 2018
2
516.A Formal Treatment of Hardware Wallets Arapinis, Myrto and Gkaniatsou, Andriana and Karakostas, Dimitris and Kiayias, Aggelos. 2019
2
517.Analysis of Deterministic Longest-Chain Protocols Shi, Elaine. 2018
2
518.piChain: When a Blockchain meets Paxos Burchert, Conrad and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2018
2
519.Founding Secure Computation on Blockchains Choudhuri, Arka Rai and Goyal, Vipul and Jain, Abhishek. 2019
2
520.MixEth: efficient, trustless coin mixing service for Ethereum Istv\'an Andr'\as Seres and D ́aniel A. Nagy and Chris Buckland, and \'Peter Burcsi. 2019
2
521.Flyclient: Super-Light Clients for Cryptocurrencies. B\"unz, Benedikt and Kiffer, Lucianna and Luu, Loi and Zamani, Mahdi. 2019
2
522.A survey on zero knowledge range proofs and applications Morais, Eduardo and Koens, Tommy and van Wijk, Cees and Koren, Aleksei. 2019
2
523.Proofs of Replicated Storage Without Timing Assumptions. Damg\aard, Ivan and Ganesh, Chaya and Orlandi, Claudio. 2018
2
524.Balance: Dynamic Adjustment of Cryptocurrency Deposits Harz, Dominik and Gudgeon, Lewis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William J. 2019
2
525.PLONK: Permutations over Lagrange-bases for Oecumenical Noninteractive arguments of Knowledge Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson and Oana Ciobotaru. 2019
2
526.Empirically Analyzing Ethereum's Gas Mechanism Yang, Renlord and Murray, Toby and Rimba, Paul and Parampalli, Udaya. 2019
2
527.Simulation Extractability in Groth’s zk-SNARK Atapoor, Shahla and Baghery, Karim. 2019
2
528.Manticore: A User-Friendly Symbolic Execution Framework for Binaries and Smart Contracts Mossberg, Mark and Manzano, Felipe and Hennenfent, Eric and Groce, Alex and Grieco, Gustavo and Feist, Josselin and Brunson, Trent and Dinaburg, Artem. 2019
2
529.Deterministic witnesses for claim-first transactions Borkowski, Michael and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
2
530.Towards atomic cross-chain token transfers: State of the art and open questions within tast Borkowski, Michael and McDonald, Daniel and Ritzer, Christoph and Schulte, Stefan. 2018
2
531.DeXTT: Deterministic Cross-Blockchain Token Transfers Borkowski, Michael and Sigwart, Marten and Frauenthaler, Philipp and Hukkinen, Taneli and Schulte, Stefan. 2019
2
532.SoK of Used Cryptography in Blockchain Raikwar, Mayank and Gligoroski, Danilo and Kralevska, Katina. 2019
2
533.Temporary censorship attacks in the presence of rational miners Winzer, Fredrik and Herd, Benjamin and Faust, Sebastian. 2019
2
534.Marlin: Preprocessing zkSNARKs with Universal and Updatable SRS Alessandro Chiesa and Yuncong Hu and Mary Maller and Pratyush Mishra and Noah Vesely and Nicholas Ward. 2019
2
535.On Sharding Permissioned Blockchains. Amiri, Mohammad Javad and Agrawal, Divyakant. 2019
2
536.Simple Proofs of Space-Time and Rational Proofs of Storage Moran, Tal and Orlov, Ilan. 2019
2
537.Smart Contract Interactions in Coq Nielsen, Jakob Botsch and Spitters, Bas. 2019
2
538.IELE: a rigorously designed language and tool ecosystem for the blockchain Kasampalis, Theodoros and Guth, Dwight and Moore, Brandon and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Traian Florin and Zhang, Yi and Filaretti, Daniele and Șerb\uanuț\ua, Virgil and Johnson, Ralph and Ro\csu, Grigore. 2019
2
539.SoK: Communication Across Distributed Ledgers Alexei Zamyatin and Mustafa Al-Bassam and Dionysis Zindros and Eleftherios Kokoris-Kogias and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aggelos Kiayias and William J. Knottenbelt. 2019
2
540.Mi-Cho-Coq, a framework for certifying Tezos Smart Contracts Bernardo, Bruno and Cauderlier, Rapha\"el and Hu, Zhenlei and Pesin, Basile and Tesson, Julien. 2019
2
541.Platypus: a Partially Synchronous Offchain Protocol for Blockchains Ranchal-Pedrosa, Alejandro and Gramoli, Vincent. 2019
2
542.Unraveling recursion: compiling an IR with recursion to system F Jones, Michael Peyton and Gkoumas, Vasilis and Kireev, Roman and MacKenzie, Kenneth and Nester, Chad and Wadler, Philip. 2019
2
543.Safer smart contract programming with Scilla Sergey, Ilya and Nagaraj, Vaivaswatha and Johannsen, Jacob and Kumar, Amrit and Trunov, Anton and Hao, Ken Chan Guan. 2019
2
544.Atomic multi-channel updates with constant collateral in bitcoin-compatible payment-channel networks Egger, Christoph and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Maffei, Matteo. 2019
2
545.Scalable lightning factories for Bitcoin Alejandro Ranchal Pedrosa and Maria Potop-Butucaru and Sara Tucci Piergiovanni. 2019
1
546.MARS: Monetized Ad-hoc Routing System (A Position Paper) David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael and Larangeira, Mario. 2018
1
547.SBFT: a Scalable Decentralized Trust Infrastructure for Blockchains Gueta, Guy Golan and Abraham, Ittai and Grossman, Shelly and Malkhi, Dahlia and Pinkas, Benny and Reiter, Michael K and Seredinschi, Dragos-Adrian and Tamir, Orr and Tomescu, Alin. 2018
1
548.On the specification and verification of atomic swap smart contracts⋆ van der Meyden, Ron. 2018
1
549.Insured MPC: Efficient Secure Multiparty Computation with Punishable Abort Baum, Carsten and David, Bernardo and Dowsley, Rafael. 2018
1
550.Tracing Transactions Across Cryptocurrency Ledgers Yousaf, Haaroon and Kappos, George and Meiklejohn, Sarah. 2018
1
551.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
1
552.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
1
553.Iterated Search Problems and Blockchain Security under Falsifiable Assumptions Garay, Juan A and Kiayias, Aggelos and Panagiotakos, Giorgos. 2019
1
554.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
1
555.Efficient Symmetric Primitives for Advanced Cryptographic Protocols (A Marvellous Contribution) Abdelrahaman Aly and Tomer Ashur and Eli Ben-Sasson and Siemen Dhooghe and Alan Szepieniec. 2019
1
556.Scalable and Probabilistic Leaderless BFT Consensus through Metastability Rocket, Team and Yin, Maofan and Sekniqi, Kevin and van Renesse, Robbert and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2019
1
557.SAFEVM: A Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts Albert, Elvira and Correas, Jes\'us and Gordillo, Pablo and Rom\'an-D\'\iez, Guillermo and Rubio, Albert. 2019
1
558.ACE: Asynchronous and Concurrent Execution of Complex Smart Contracts Karl Wüst and Sinisa Matetic and Silvan Egli and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
559.Ouroboros Chronos: Permissionless Clock Synchronization via Proof-of-Stake Christian Badertscher and Peter Gaži and Aggelos Kiayias and Alexander Russell and Vassilis Zikas. 2019
1
560.Bitcontracts: Adding Expressive Smart Contracts to Legacy Cryptocurrencies Karl Wüst and Loris Diana and Kari Kostiainen and Ghassan Karame and Sinisa Matetic and Srdjan Capkun. 2019
1
561.Succinct Arguments in the Quantum Random Oracle Model Alessandro Chiesa and Peter Manohar and Nicholas Spooner. 2019
1
562.solc-verify: A Modular Verifier for Solidity Smart Contracts Hajdu, \'Akos and Jovanovi\'c, Dejan. 2019
1
563.VerX: Safety Verification of Smart Contracts Permenev, Anton and Dimitrov, Dimitar and Tsankov, Petar and Drachsler-Cohen, Dana and Vechev, Martin. 2019
1
564.MProve: A Proof of Reserves Protocol for Monero Exchanges Dutta, Arijit and Vijayakumaran, Saravanan. 2019
1
565.DLSAG: Non-Interactive Refund Transactions For Interoperable Payment Channels in Monero Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Le, Duc V and Noether, Sarang and Goodell, Brandon and Kate, Aniket. 2019
1
566.Reversible Proofs of Sequential Work Abusalah, Hamza and Kamath, Chethan and Klein, Karen and Pietrzak, Krzysztof and Walter, Michael. 2019
1
567.Digital Signatures for Consensus. Gorbunov, Sergey and Wee, Hoeteck. 2019
1
568.Efficient zero-knowledge arguments in the discrete log setting, revisited Max Hoffmann and Michael Klooß and Andy Rupp. 2019
1
569.On the optionality and fairness of Atomic Swaps Han, Runchao and Lin, Haoyu and Yu, Jiangshan. 2019
1
570.Broken Metre: Attacking Resource Metering in EVM Daniel Perez and Benjamin Livshits. 2019
1
571.Fractal: Post-Quantum and Transparent Recursive Proofs from Holography Alessandro Chiesa and Dev Ojha and Nicholas Spooner. 2019
1
572.Two-party ECDSA from hash proof systems and efficient instantiations Castagnos, Guilhem and Catalano, Dario and Laguillaumie, Fabien and Savasta, Federico and Tucker, Ida. 2019
1
573.ShareLock: Mixing for Cryptocurrencies from Multiparty ECDSA Shlomovits, Omer and Seres, Istv\'an Andr\'as. 2019
1
574.Bandwidth-Efficient Transaction Relay for Bitcoin Naumenko, Gleb and Maxwell, Gregory and Wuille, Pieter and Fedorova, Sasha and Beschastnikh, Ivan. 2019
1
575.Practical Mutation Testing for Smart Contracts Honig, Joran J and Everts, Maarten H and Huisman, Marieke. 2019
1
576.Afgjort--A Semi-Synchronous Finality Layer for Blockchains Magri, Bernardo and Matt, Christian and Nielsen, Jesper Buus and Tschudi, Daniel. 2019
1
577.Learning to Fuzz from Symbolic Execution with Application to Smart Contracts He, Jingxuan and Balunovi\'c, Mislav and Ambroladze, Nodar and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
1
578.OptChain: Optimal Transactions Placement for Scalable Blockchain Sharding Nguyen, Lan N and Nguyen, TD and Dinh, Thang N and Thai, My T. 2019
1
579.LockDown: Balance Availability Attack against Lightning Network Channels Cristina Pérez-Solà and Alejandro Ranchal-Pedrosa and Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí and Guillermo Navarro-Arribas and Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 2019
1
580.The Chia Network Blockchain Cohen, Bram and Pietrzak, Krzysztof. 2019
1
581.SoK: Sharding on Blockchain Gang Wang and Zhijie Jerry Shi and Mark Nixon and Song Han. 2019
1
582.P4PCN: Privacy-Preserving Path Probing for Payment Channel Networks Yu, Ruozhou and Wan, Yinxin and Kilari, Vishnu Teja and Xue, Guoliang and Tang, Jian and Yang, Dejun and Zhang, Xiang and Li, Dan and Song, Yaozhong and Yau, Stephen S and others. 2018
1
583.Transparent SNARKs from DARK Compilers Benedikt Bünz and Ben Fisch and Alan Szepieniec. 2019
1
584.Transparent Polynomial Commitment Scheme with Polylogarithmic Communication Complexity Alexander Vlasov and Konstantin Panarin. 2019
1
585.Cascading Machine Learning to Attack Bitcoin Anonymity Zola, Francesco and Eguimendia, Maria and Bruse, Jan Lukas and Urrutia, Raul Orduna. 2019
1
586.Towards a formally verified implementation of the MimbleWimble cryptocurrency protocol Betarte, Gustavo and Cristi\'a, Maximiliano and Luna, Carlos and Silveira, Adri\'an and Zanarini, Dante. 2019
1
587.Running on Fumes Albert, Elvira and Gordillo, Pablo and Rubio, Albert and Sergey, Ilya. 2019
1
588.Privacy Aspects and Subliminal Channels in Zcash Biryukov, Alex and Feher, Daniel and Vitto, Giuseppe. 2019
1
589.Hyperservice: Interoperability and programmability across heterogeneous blockchains Liu, Zhuotao and Xiang, Yangxi and Shi, Jian and Gao, Peng and Wang, Haoyu and Xiao, Xusheng and Wen, Bihan and Hu, Yih-Chun. 2019
1
590.Omniring: Scaling Up Private Payments Without Trusted Setup Lai, Russell WF and Ronge, Viktoria and Ruffing, Tim and Schr\"oder, Dominique and Thyagarajan, Sri Aravinda Krishnan and Wang, Jiafan. 2019
1
591.Power Adjusting and Bribery Racing: Novel Mining Attacks in the Bitcoin System Gao, Shang and Li, Zecheng and Peng, Zhe and Xiao, Bin. 2019
1
592.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
593.ZeroLedge: Proving Solvency with Privacy Doerner, Jack and Shelat, Abhi and Evans, David. 2018
0
594.Pitchforks in Cryptocurrencies: Enforcing Rule Changes Through Offensive Weippl, Edgar. 2018
0
595.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
0
596.Bancor Protocol Hertzog, Eyal and Benartzi, Guy and Benartzi, Galia. 2017
0
597.On the Practicality of Smart Contract PKI Patsonakis, Christos and Samari, Katerina and Kiayias, Aggelos and Roussopoulos, Mema. 2019
0
598.A Composable Security Treatment of the Lightning Network Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos. 2019
0
599.A Formal Treatment of Deterministic Wallets Das, Poulami and Faust, Sebastian and Loss, Julian. 2019
0
600.Extending the Anonymity of Zcash George Kappos and Ania M. Piotrowska. 2019
0
601.Toychain: Formally Verified Blockchain Consensus George P\^ırlea. 2019
0
602.ON DEPLOYING SUCCINCT ZERO-KNOWLEDGE PROOFS Madars Virza. 2017
0
603.A Tale of Three Signatures: practical attack of ECDSA with wNAF Gabrielle De Micheli and Rémi Piau and Cécile Pierrot. 2019
0
604.Fractal: A New Paradigm for High-Performance Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
0
605.Thring Signatures and their Applications to Spender-Ambiguous Digital Currencies. Goodell, Brandon and Noether, Sarang. 2018
0
606.Practical Zero-Knowledge Arguments from Structured Reference Strings Maller, Mary. 2019
0
607.Two-Party State Channels with Assertions Corry, Patrick Buckland, Chris. 2019
0
608.Contingent payments on a public ledger: models and reductions for automated verification. Bursuc, Sergiu and Kremer, Steve. 2019
0
609.A Stealthier Partitioning Attack against Bitcoin Peer-to-Peer Network Tran, Muoi and Choi, Inho and Moon, Gi Jun and Vu, Anh V and Kang, Min Suk. 2020
0
610.Who Spent My EOS? On the (In) Security of Resource Management of EOS. IO Lee, Sangsup and Kim, Daejun and Kim, Dongkwan and Son, Sooel and Kim, Yongdae. 2019
0
611.Bootstrapping a stable computation token Teutsch, Jason and M\"akel\"a, Sami and Bakshi, Surya. 2019
0
612.A minimal core calculus for Solidity contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Galletta, Letterio and Murgia, Maurizio. 2019
0
613.WI Is Not Enough: Zero-Knowledge Contingent (Service) Payments Revisited Georg Fuchsbauer. 2019
0
614.ETHDKG: Distributed Key Generation with Ethereum Smart Contracts Philipp Schindler and Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Edgar Weippl. 2019
0
615.Tight Verifiable Delay Functions D\"ottling, Nico and Garg, Sanjam and Malavolta, Giulio and Nalini, Prashant. 2019
0
616.VeriSmart: A Highly Precise Safety Verifier for Ethereum Smart Contracts So, Sunbeom and Lee, Myungho and Park, Jisu and Lee, Heejo and Oh, Hakjoo. 2019
0
617.The Rush Dilemma: Attacking and Repairing Smart Contracts on Forking Blockchains Vincenzo Botta and Daniele Friolo and Daniele Venturi and Ivan Visconti. 2019
0
618.Refinement and Verification of CBC Casper Nakamura, Ryuya and Jimba, Takayuki and Harz, Dominik. 2019
0
619.On the (In)security of Kilian-Based SNARGs James Bartusek and Liron Bronfman and Justin Holmgren and Fermi Ma and Ron Rothblum. 2019
0
620.Halo: Recursive Proof Composition without aTrusted Setup Bowe, Sean Grigg, Jack Hopwood, Daira. 2019
0
621.Proof-Carrying Smart Contracts Dickerson, Thomas and Gazzillo, Paul and Herlihy, Maurice and Saraph, Vikram and Koskinen, Eric. 2018
0
622.Kadcast: A Structured Approach to Broadcast in Blockchain Networks Rohrer, Elias and Tschorsch, Florian. 2019
0
623.Hijacking Routes in Payment Channel Networks: A Predictability Tradeoff Saar Tochner and Stefan Schmid and Aviv Zohar. 2019
0
624.Privacy-preserving auditable token payments in a permissioned blockchain system Elli Androulaki and Jan Camenisch and Angelo De Caro and Maria Dubovitskaya and Kaoutar Elkhiyaoui and Bjoern Tackmann. 2019
0
625.State of the Art in Verifiable Computation Khovratovich, Dmitry. 2018
0
626.Introduction to the Tezos Blockchain Allombert, Victor and Bourgoin, Mathias and Tesson, Julien. 2019
0
627.DECO: Liberating Web Data Using Decentralized Oracles for TLS Zhang, Fan and Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Malvai, Harjasleen and Goldfeder, Steven and Juels, Ari. 2019
0
628.OCEAN: A Built-In Replacement for Mining Pools Raymond Chee and Kartik Chitturi and Edouard Dufour-Sans and Kyle Soska. 2019
0
629.12 Angry Miners Eghbali, Aryaz and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
630.Efficient fair multiparty protocols using Blockchain and trusted hardware Paul, Souradyuti and Shrivastava, Ananya. 2019
0
631.ABC: Asynchronous Blockchain without Consensus Sliwinski, Jakub and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
632.Atomic Cross-Chain Swaps with Improved Space and Time Complexity Imoto, Soichiro and Sudo, Yuichi and Kakugawa, Hirotsugu and Masuzawa, Toshimitsu. 2019
0
633.Anonymous Transactions with Revocation and Auditing in Hyperledger Fabric Dmytro Bogatov and Angelo De Caro and Kaoutar Elkhiyaoui and Björn Tackmann. 2019
0
634.Cerberus Channels: Incentivizing Watchtowers for Bitcoin Georgia Avarikioti and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos and Roger Wattenhofer. 2019
0
635.Short Paper: Towards Characterizing Sybil Attacks in Cryptocurrency Mixers Mikerah Quintyne-Collins. 2019
0
636.zkay: Specifying and Enforcing Data Privacy in Smart Contracts Steffen, Samuel and Bichsel, Benjamin and Gersbach, Mario and Melchior, Noa and Tsankov, Petar and Vechev, Martin. 2019
0
637.Prism: Scaling Bitcoin by 10,000 x Yang, Lei and Bagaria, Vivek and Wang, Gerui and Alizadeh, Mohammad and Tse, David and Fanti, Giulia and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
0
638.Faster Subgroup Checks for BLS12-381 Bowe, Sean. 2019
0
639.PING and REJECT:The Impact of Side-Channels on Zcash Privacy Florian Tramèr and Dan Boneh and Kenneth G. Paterson. 2019
0
640.SoK: Blockchain Technology and Its Potential Use Cases Ruoti, Scott and Kaiser, Ben and Yerukhimovich, Arkady and Clark, Jeremy and Cunningham, Robert. 2019
0
641.Gas limit aware mutation testing of smart contracts at scale Hartel, Pieter and Schumi, Richard. 2019
0
642.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol Against Quantum Adversaries Alexandru Cojocaru and Juan Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Fang Song and Petros Wallden. 2019
0
643.Subversion-Resistant Simulation (Knowledge) Sound NIZKs Karim Baghery. 2019
0
644.TULIP: A Fully Incentive Compatible Blockchain Framework Amortizing Redundant Communication Ersoy, Oguzhan and Zekeriya, Erkin and Lagendijk, Reginald L. 2019
0
645.Barracuda: The Power of $$\backslash$ell $-polling in Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Fanti, Giulia and Jiao, Jiantao and Makkuva, Ashok and Oh, Sewoong and Rana, Ranvir and Viswanath, Pramod. 2019
0
646.Effective Cryptocurrency Regulation Through Blacklisting M\"oser, Malte and Narayanan, Arvind. 2019
0
647.ZETH: On Integrating Zerocash on Ethereum Rondelet, Antoine and Zajac, Michal. 2019
0
648.A Formal Analysis of Blockchain Consensus Laneve, Cosimo and Veschetti, Adele. 2019
0
649.Mapping finite state machines to zk-SNARKS Using Category Theory Genovese, Fabrizio and Knispel, Andre and Fitzgerald, Joshua. 2019
0
650.Hydra: A Multiple Blockchain Protocol for Improving Transaction Throughput G\"undlach, Rowel and Hoepman, Jaap-Henk and van der Hofstad, Remco and Koens, Tommy and Meijer, Stijn. 2019
0
651.Kachina--Foundations of Private Smart Contracts Kerber, Thomas and Kiayias, Aggelos and Kohlweiss, Markulf. 2019
0
652.Rationality is Self-Defeating in Permissionless Systems Ford, Bryan and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2019
0
653.SIMS : Self Sovereign Identity Management System with Preserving Privacy in Blockchain Jeonghyuk Lee and Jungyeon Hwang and Jaekyung Choi and Hyunok Oh and Jihye Kim. 2019
0
654.A Large-Scale Proof-of-Stake Blockchain in the Open Setting Fan, Lei and Katz, Jonathan and Zhou, Hong-Sheng. 2019
0
655.BackPackers: A New Network Paradigm for Secure and High-performance Blockchains Thai, Phuc D and Zhou, Hong-sheng and Katz, Jonathan and Fan, Lei and Dinh, Thang N. 2019
0
656.The Combinatorics of the Longest-Chain Rule: Linear Consistency for Proof-of-Stake Blockchains Blum, Erica and Kiayias, Aggelos and Moore, Cristopher and Quader, Saad and Russell, Alexander. 2019
0
657.Divide and Scale: Formalization of Distributed Ledger Sharding Protocols Avarikioti, Georgia and Kokoris-Kogias, Eleftherios and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2019
0
658.Lattice-Based Zero-Knowledge SNARGs for Arithmetic Circuits Nitulescu, Anca. 2019
0
659.Deviant: A Mutation Testing Tool for Solidity Smart Contracts Chapman, Patrick. 2019
0
660.Updatable CRS Simulation-Extractable zk-SNARKs with a Single Verification Kim, Jihye and Lee, Jiwon and Oh, Hyunok. 2019
0
661.WaterCarver: Anonymous Confidential Blockchain System based on Account Model Jiajun Xin and Pei Huang and Lei Chen and Xin Lai and Xiao Zhang and Wulu Li and Yongcan Wang. 2019
0
662.SAVER: Snark-friendly, Additively-homomorphic, and Verifiable Encryption and decryption with Rerandomization Jiwon Lee and Jaekyoung Choi and Jihye Kim and Hyunok Oh. 2019
0
663.AuroraLight: Improved prover efficiency and SRS size in a Sonic-like system Gabizon, Ariel. 2019
0
664.Efficient Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs in Cross-Domains Without Trusted Setup Backes, Michael and Hanzlik, Lucjan and Herzberg, Amir and Kate, Aniket and Pryvalov, Ivan. 2019
0
665.Just Enough Security: Reducing Proof-of-Work Ecological Footprint Tsabary, Itay and Spiegelman, Alexander and Eyal, Ittay. 2019
0
666.Refresh When You Wake Up: Proactive Threshold Wallets with Offline Devices Yashvanth Kondi and Bernardo Magri and Claudio Orlandi and Omer Shlomovits. 2019
0
667.OptiSwap: Fast Optimistic Fair Exchange Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Benjamin Schlosser. 2019
0
668.Refresh When You Wake Up: Proactive Threshold Wallets with Offline Devices Kondi, Yashvanth and Magri, Bernardo and Orlandi, Claudio and Shlomovits, Omer. 2019
0
669.What are the Actual Flaws in Important Smart Contracts (and How Can We Find Them)? Groce, Alex and Feist, Josselin and Grieco, Gustavo and Colburn, Michael. 2019
0
670.Linking Anonymous Transactions via Remote Side-Channel Attacks Tramer, Florian and Boneh, Dan and Paterson, Kenneth G. 2019
0
671.Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage Francati, Danilo and Ateniese, Giuseppe and Faye, Abdoulaye and Milazzo, Andrea Maria and Perillo, Angelo Massimo and Schiatti, Luca and Giordano, Giuseppe. 2019
0
672.Verifiable Computation using Smart Contracts Avizheh, Sepideh and Nabi, Mahmudun and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Venkateswarlu K, Muni. 2019
0
673.{\AE}GIS: Smart Shielding of Smart Contracts Ferreira Torres, Christof and Baden, Mathis and Norvill, Robert and Jonker, Hugo. 2019
0
674.FastSwap: Concretely Efficient Contingent Payments for Complex Predicates Mathias Hall-Andersen. 2019
0
675.MPro: Combining Static and Symbolic Analysis for Scalable Testing of Smart Contract Zhang, William and Banescu, Sebastian and Pasos, Leodardo and Stewart, Steven and Ganesh, Vijay. 2019
0
676.Privacy-preserving solutions for Blockchain: review and challenges Bernabe, Jorge Bernal and Canovas, Jose L and Hernandez-Ramos, Jose L and Moreno, Rafael Torres and Skarmeta, Antonio. 2019
0
677.On Privacy Preserving Blockchains and zk-SNARKs Atapoor, Shahla. 2019
0
678.RedShift: Transparent SNARKs from List Polynomial Commitment IOPs Assimakis Kattis and Konstantin Panarin and Alexander Vlasov. 2019
0
679.SquirRL: Automating Attack Discovery on Blockchain Incentive Mechanisms with Deep Reinforcement Learning Hou, Charlie and Zhou, Mingxun and Ji, Yan and Daian, Phil and Tramer, Florian and Fanti, Giulia and Juels, Ari. 2019
0
680.SAMPL: Scalable Auditability of Monitoring Processes using Public Ledgers Panwar, Gaurav and Vishwanathan, Roopa and Misra, Satyajayant and Bos, Austin. 2019
0