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A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-05-13

1.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
2.A fast and scalable payment network with bitcoin duplex micropayment channels Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
3.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
4.Bolt: Anonymous payment channels for decentralized currencies Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian. 2017
5.Revive: Rebalancing Off-Blockchain Payment Networks Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais. 2017
6.Settling Payments Fast and Private: Efficient Decentralized Routing for Path-Based Transactions Roos, Stefanie and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Goldberg, Ian. 2017
7.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
8.PERUN: Virtual Payment Channels over Cryptographic Currencies Stefan Dziembowski and Lisa Eckey and Sebastian Faust and Daniel Malinowski. 2017
9.Pisa: Arbitration Outsourcing for State Channels McCorry, Patrick and Bakshi, Surya and Bentov, Iddo and Meiklejohn, Sarah and Miller, Andrew. 2018
10.Sprites and State Channels: Payment Networks that Go Faster than Lightning Miller, Andrew and Bentov, Iddo and Kumaresan, Ranjit and Cordi, Christopher and McCorry, Patrick. 2018
11.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
12.Foundations of State Channel Networks Stefan Dziembowski and Sebastian Faust and Kristina Hostakova. 2018
13.NOCUST--A Non-Custodial 2 nd-Layer Financial Intermediary Khalil, Rami and Gervais, Arthur. 2018
14.Teechain: Reducing storage costs on the blockchain with offline payment channels Lind, Joshua and Naor, Oded and Eyal, Ittay and Kelbert, Florian and Pietzuch, Peter and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2018
15.Multi-Hop Locks for Secure, Privacy-Preserving and Interoperable Payment-Channel Networks Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Clara Schneidewind and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei. 2018
16.XCLAIM: Trustless, Interoperable, Cryptocurrency-Backed Assets Zamyatin, Alexei and Harz, Dominik and Lind, Joshua and Panayiotou, Panayiotis and Gervais, Arthur and Knottenbelt, William. 2019
17.You sank my battleship! A case study to evaluate state channels as a scaling solution for cryptocurrencies McCorry, Patrick and Buckland, Chris and Bakshi, Surya and W\"ust, Karl and Miller, Andrew. 2018
18.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
19.The Arwen Trading Protocols Heilman, Ethan and Lipmann, Sebastien and Goldberg, Sharon. 2018
20.TEX - A Securely Scalable Trustless Exchange Rami Khalil and Arthur Gervais and Guillaume Felley. 2019
21.SoK: A Taxonomy for Layer-2 ScalabilityRelated Protocols for Cryptocurrencies Maxim Jourenko and Kanta Kurazumi and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka. 2019
22.Dynamic-Committee Proactive Secret Sharing Maram, Sai Krishna Deepak and Zhang, Fan and Wang, Lun and Low, Andrew and Zhang, Yupeng and Juels, Ari and Song, Dawn. 2019
23.On the difficulty of hiding the balance of lightning network channels HERRERA-JOANCOMARTI, Jordi and Navarro-Arribas, Guillermo and Ranchal Pedrosa, Alejandro and Cristina, Perez-Sola and Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin. 2019
24.Dispute Resolution for Smart Contract-based Two-Party Protocols Wagner, Eric and V\"olker, Achim and Fuhrmann, Frederik and Matzutt, Roman and Wehrle, Klaus. 2019
25.SoK: Off The Chain Transactions Gudgeon, Lewis and McCorry, Patrick and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Gervais, Arthur and Roos, Stefanie. 2019