all algorand anonymity applications attacks [bitcoin] blockchain book bullet-proofs byzantine chainspace consensus credentials crime cryptocurrencies dag data-science ddos dex discrete-log e-voting ecdsa ethereum exchanges formal-methods game-theory governance key-management lattices litecoin mining model-checking monero network ouroboros pki post-quantum privacy proof-of-* proof-of-space proof-of-stake proof-of-work provable-security ripple scalability secure-multiparty-computation sharding sidechains signatures simple-verification-payments smart-contracts snarks solidity starks state-channels storage survey theory truebit trusted-hardware wallet whitepaper zero-knowledge zerocash zerocoin


A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2018-12-08

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008
5048
2.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
562
3.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
465
4.Decentralizing privacy: Using blockchain to protect personal data Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and others. 2015
437
5.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
420
6.Information propagation in the Bitcoin network Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2013
407
7.Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies: a comprehensive introduction Narayanan, Arvind and Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward and Miller, Andrew and Goldfeder, Steven. 2016
398
8.On Bitcoin and red balloons Babaioff, Moshe and Dobzinski, Shahar and Oren, Sigal and Zohar, Aviv. 2011
196
9.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
180
10.Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gailly, Nicolas and Khoffi, Ismail and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2016
160
11.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
154
12.Have a Snack, Pay with Bitcoins Bamert, Tobias and Decker, Christian and Elsen, Lennart and Wattenhofer, Roger and Welten, Samuel. 2013
105
13.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
95
14.On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward Carlsten, Miles and Kalodner, Harry and Weinberg, S Matthew and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
73
15.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
68
16.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
65
17.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
54
18.On Bitcoin as a public randomness source. Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Goldfeder, Steven. 2015
52
19.Threshold-optimal DSA/ECDSA signatures and an application to Bitcoin wallet security Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
51
20.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
49
21.Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions Miller, Andrew and Kosba, Ahmed and Katz, Jonathan and Shi, Elaine. 2015
45
22.Incentive Compatibility of Bitcoin Mining Pool Reward Functions Schrijvers, Okke and Bonneau, Joseph and Boneh, Dan and Roughgarden, Tim. 2016
38
23.Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2015
38
24.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016
33
25.Liar, liar, coins on fire!: Penalizing equivocation by loss of bitcoins Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket and Schr\"oder, Dominique. 2015
30
26.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
24
27.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
21
28.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
19
29.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
19
30.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
16
31.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
15
32.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
14
33.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
12
34.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
12
35.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
11
36.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
9
37.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
7
38.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
7
39.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
6
40.Making bitcoin exchanges transparent Decker, Christian and Guthrie, James and Seidel, Jochen and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
5
41.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
4
42.Mimblewimble Poelstra, Andrew. 2016
4
43.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
3
44.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
1
45.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
1
46.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
0
47.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
48.The state (and security) of the Bitcoin economy: technical perspective. Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
0
49.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
0
50.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
0
51.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
0