all algorand anonymity applications attacks [bitcoin] blockchain book bullet-proofs byzantine chainspace consensus credentials crime cryptocurrencies dag data-science ddos discrete-log e-voting ecdsa ethereum exchanges formal-methods game-theory governance key-management lattices layer2 litecoin mining model-checking monero network ouroboros pki post-quantum privacy proof-of-* proof-of-space proof-of-stake proof-of-work provable-security ripple scalability secure-multiparty-computation sidechains signatures simple-verification-payments smart-contracts snarks solidity starks storage survey theory truebit trusted-computing wallet whitepaper zero-knowledge zerocash zerocoin


A curated list of papers ordered by number of citations. Last updated 2019-05-13

#Title
Citations
1.Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Nakamoto, Satoshi. 2008
5783
2.Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies Antonopoulos, Andreas M. 2014
758
3.Zerocash: Decentralized anonymous payments from bitcoin Ben-Sasson, Eli and Chiesa, Alessandro and Garman, Christina and Green, Matthew and Miers, Ian and Tromer, Eran and Virza, Madars. 2014
585
4.Decentralizing privacy: Using blockchain to protect personal data Zyskind, Guy and Nathan, Oz and others. 2015
581
5.Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies: a comprehensive introduction Narayanan, Arvind and Bonneau, Joseph and Felten, Edward and Miller, Andrew and Goldfeder, Steven. 2016
535
6.Information propagation in the Bitcoin network Decker, Christian and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2013
474
7.Bitter to better - How to make bitcoin a better currency Barber, Simon and Boyen, Xavier and Shi, Elaine and Uzun, Ersin. 2012
465
8.The bitcoin lightning network: Scalable off-chain instant payments Poon, Joseph and Dryja, Thaddeus. 2016
250
9.Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing Kogias, Eleftherios Kokoris and Jovanovic, Philipp and Gailly, Nicolas and Khoffi, Ismail and Gasser, Linus and Ford, Bryan. 2016
213
10.On Bitcoin and red balloons Babaioff, Moshe and Dobzinski, Shahar and Oren, Sigal and Zohar, Aviv. 2011
206
11.Analysis of Hashrate-Based Double Spending Rosenfeld, Meni. 2014
178
12.On Subversive Miner Strategies and Block Withholding Attack in Bitcoin Digital Currency Courtois, Nicolas T and Bahack, Lear. 2013
115
13.Have a Snack, Pay with Bitcoins Bamert, Tobias and Decker, Christian and Elsen, Lennart and Wattenhofer, Roger and Welten, Samuel. 2013
110
14.On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward Carlsten, Miles and Kalodner, Harry and Weinberg, S Matthew and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
101
15.Hijacking bitcoin: Routing attacks on cryptocurrencies Apostolaki, Maria and Zohar, Aviv and Vanbever, Laurent. 2017
95
16.Game-theoretic analysis of DDoS attacks against Bitcoin mining pools Johnson, Benjamin and Laszka, Aron and Grossklags, Jens and Vasek, Marie and Moore, Tyler. 2014
91
17.TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub Heilman, Ethan and Alshenibr, Leen and Baldimtsi, Foteini and Scafuro, Alessandra and Goldberg, Sharon. 2017
77
18.On power splitting games in distributed computation: The case of bitcoin pooled mining Luu, Loi and Saha, Ratul and Parameshwaran, Inian and Saxena, Prateek and Hobor, Aquinas. 2015
70
19.On Bitcoin as a public randomness source. Bonneau, Joseph and Clark, Jeremy and Goldfeder, Steven. 2015
67
20.Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions Miller, Andrew and Kosba, Ahmed and Katz, Jonathan and Shi, Elaine. 2015
60
21.Threshold-optimal DSA/ECDSA signatures and an application to Bitcoin wallet security Gennaro, Rosario and Goldfeder, Steven and Narayanan, Arvind. 2016
57
22.Incentive Compatibility of Bitcoin Mining Pool Reward Functions Schrijvers, Okke and Bonneau, Joseph and Boneh, Dan and Roughgarden, Tim. 2016
55
23.The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol with Chains of Variable Difficulty Juan A. Garay and Aggelos Kiayias and Nikos Leonardos. 2016
52
24.Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees M\"oser, Malte and B\"ohme, Rainer. 2015
49
25.Liar, liar, coins on fire!: Penalizing equivocation by loss of bitcoins Ruffing, Tim and Kate, Aniket and Schr\"oder, Dominique. 2015
36
26.P2P Mixing and Unlinkable Bitcoin Transactions. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket. 2017
32
27.Bitcoin as a Transaction Ledger: A Composable Treatment Christian Badertscher and Ueli Maurer and Daniel Tschudi and Vassilis Zikas. 2017
30
28.Concurrency and privacy with payment-channel networks Malavolta, Giulio and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro and Kate, Aniket and Maffei, Matteo and Ravi, Srivatsan. 2017
26
29.When cryptocurrencies mine their own business Teutsch, Jason and Jain, Sanjay and Saxena, Prateek. 2016
25
30.Publish or Perish: A Backward-Compatible Defense against Selfish Mining in Bitcoin Zhang, Ren and Preneel, Bart. 2017
20
31.Validation of decentralised smart contracts through game theory and formal methods Bigi, Giancarlo and Bracciali, Andrea and Meacci, Giovanni and Tuosto, Emilio. 2015
19
32.Modeling bitcoin contracts by timed automata Andrychowicz, Marcin and Dziembowski, Stefan and Malinowski, Daniel and Mazurek, \Lukasz. 2014
19
33.Bitcoin covenants M\"oser, Malte and Eyal, Ittay and Sirer, Emin G\"un. 2016
17
34.Incentivizing blockchain forks via whale transactions Liao, Kevin and Katz, Jonathan. 2017
17
35.Escrow protocols for cryptocurrencies: How to buy physical goods using Bitcoin Goldfeder, Steven and Bonneau, Joseph and Gennaro, Rosario and Narayanan, Arvind.. 2017
16
36.Refund attacks on Bitcoin’s payment protocol McCorry, Patrick and Shahandashti, Siamak F and Hao, Feng. 2016
16
37.Hierarchical deterministic Bitcoin wallets that tolerate key leakage Gutoski, Gus and Stebila, Douglas. 2015
14
38.SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts Nicola Atzei and Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Stefano Lande and Roberto Zunino. 2018
11
39.How to Charge Lightning Br\^anzei, Simina and Segal-Halevi, Erel and Zohar, Aviv. 2017
10
40.On the Necessity of a Prescribed Block Validity Consensus: Analyzing Bitcoin Unlimited Mining Protocol Ren Zhang and Bart Preneel. 2017
9
41.Enhancing Bitcoin transactions with covenants O’Connor, Russell and Piekarska, Marta. 2017
8
42.Mixing Confidential Transactions: Comprehensive Transaction Privacy for Bitcoin. Ruffing, Tim and Moreno-Sanchez, Pedro. 2017
8
43.BitML: a calculus for Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Roberto Zunino. 2018
6
44.Making bitcoin exchanges transparent Decker, Christian and Guthrie, James and Seidel, Jochen and Wattenhofer, Roger. 2015
6
45.Fun with Bitcoin smart contracts Massimo Bartoletti and Tiziana Cimoli and Roberto Zunino. 2018
2
46.SABRE: Protecting Bitcoin against Routing Attacks Apostolaki, Maria and Marti, Gian and M\"uller, Jan and Vanbever, Laurent. 2018
2
47.Mimblewimble Poelstra, Andrew. 2016
1
48.Verifying liquidity of Bitcoin contracts Bartoletti, Massimo and Zunino, Roberto. 2018
1
49.Biased Nonce Sense: Lattice Attacks against Weak ECDSA Signatures in Cryptocurrencies Breitner, Joachim and Heninger, Nadia. 2019
1
50.Contractvm: decentralized applications on Bitcoin Bartoletti, Massimo and Gessa, Davide and Podda, Alessandro Sebastian. 2018
0
51.A New Look at the Refund Mechanism in the Bitcoin Payment Protocol Avizheh, Sepideh and Safavi-Naini, Reihaneh and Shahandashti, Siamak F. 2018
0
52.Lightning Factories Pedrosa, Alejandro Ranchal and Potop-Butucaru, Maria and Tucci-Piergiovanni, Sara. 2019
0
53.FastKitten: Practical Smart Contracts on Bitcoin Das, Poulami and Eckey, Lisa and Frassetto, Tommaso and Gens, David and Host\'akov\'a, Kristina and Jauernig, Patrick and Faust, Sebastian and Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza. 2019
0